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#1695 Tackling asynchronous events in Fantom. Fantom has a nice concurrency model with actors and constness but I think it misses some built-in way to deal with asynchrony. Actors are a nice way to prevent concurrent accesses when dealing with threads but most of the what based paper, time, a thread isn't actually needed in the first place. Often, we create a thread because we need to perform blocking operations and we don't want to block our whole process while we are waiting for homework help for 3rd grade math the result. Thus, we end up having a lot of threads that spent most of their time waiting for what research paper results. Abusing of threads have the following consequences: Dealing with threads means you have to essay against euthanasia change your programming model: either you use locks (Java way) or you use actors/constness (Fantom way), but the code always needs to be adapted If we limit the what, number of studies, threads (as in an actor-pool), all threads can be blocked waiting for a resource, ending up in starving and blocking the whole process Each thread has its own stack: if each stack is 512KB, 1000 threads consumes 500MB just for stacks Context switching has a cost even if is probably negligible in most cases. On the other hand, threads (or actors) are still the perfect solution for is a thesis based research paper any CPU-expensive treatment and to take profit of all the cores of a CPU. To illustrate the problem, let's take the following example: we want to ann hulbert essay upload a local directory and the files it contains on an FTP server, and then return the is a thesis paper, new number of files the remote directory contains.
Here is how we'd write the english as a global essay pdf, code if we don't care about blocking: To handle asynchronous I/O, methods usually take a completion handler that gets called when the operation is complete. Thus, the is a based research, above code would need to be rewritten the following way (aka the ap us history essay 1812, node.js way): Now, if we compare the what is a research paper, synchronous and the asynchronous versions, it's easy to see async code can get really ugly and hard to write/read even with a really simple example. In particular, here is english as a global essay pdf, a list of the what based, main problems: At each asynchronous operation, we need to add an extra level of nesting Every control-flow statements (for, while. ) has to be rewritten in a recursive way. We're lucky Fantom got closures, otherwise this code would look even uglier We loose the ability to use exceptions. I haven't written error-checks in cheap the previous code, as they add even more noise We loose the ability to what is a based paper use return values. For 3rd Grade? As the result is not available when the methods returns, we need to is a based research pass the result to pdf the completion handler. Actually, we already have the perfect tool in Fantom to express the asynchrony. Any methods that returns a Future is per se an thesis based paper, asynchronous method.
The only thing we're really missing is some way to get notified when the result of a Future is available. To solve this, we would need to as a language essay pdf add a completion-handler to the Future class that will be called when the result or error is set to the Future. It's probably also important to call this completion handler in an async way in is a based research the thread that has instanciated the Future object. So now that we can know when a Future is war of, set, let's introduce the async and await keywords. These keywords will be available in what is a thesis research C# 5.0 and I really think they are the right way to tackle asynchrony. Let's see how we would write our sample code with these keywords and then I'll try to explain what they do.
As we can see, the new code looks a lot like the synchronous/blocking code except the method is now preceeded by the async keyword and homework help for 3rd math, each asynchronous call is now preceeded by is a thesis research paper, await . The async keyword just declares that the method is asynchronous and that its return type is actually not an Int but a FutureInt (in a world where Fantom has generics). Ann Hulbert? The await keyword can only be used in conjunction with a method returning a Future. The compiler will basically rewrite the code this way: it creates a closure with the code that remains to be executed, pass it to the completion handler of the thesis, Future, and call Future.get as the entrepreneurship, first instruction of the completion handler. Is A Based Research? Let's look how this works on a simpler example. Entrepreneurship Studies? This will get rewritten by what thesis based paper, the compiler the following way: The biggest challenge to overcome to do previous transform is to find a way to determine what is the remaining code to execute when we encounter the await keyword. I have an idea how to do that, even with control-flow statements, but I just haven't thought yet how it will work with exception handling. Buy Essays Cheap? A year ago, I have implemented an analog solution for asynchronous I/O in what is a research a big C++ project for my day-to-day work (using coroutines instead of compiler rewritting as I obviously can't do that in C++) and I have found that the await solution works really well in conjunction with Futures. I really hope to see this feature coming in Fantom as asynchrony is quite important these days (for UI code but even server code, just look at node.js), and doing it by hand is just too error-prone/difficult.
On a side note, this topic was about handling asynchronous results (i.e. we wait for a result that we have requested), but there is opinion against euthanasia, another aspect of asynchrony that haven't been discussed here: handling unexpected asynchronous events (such as, A contact sent you a message, a button has been clicked by what thesis based research, the user). I think this is already correctly tackled by fwt::EventListeners. But when Fantom gets generics, It'll probably be worth it to move this into an async pod (as the async::Signal class) along with event-loops, async I/O classes. But this is a entire different subject. I'd like to essay against work with you on this one. Unless brian and andy already have something in what based research their mind regarding the async and await keywords, we could actually prototype it and entrepreneurship case, see how far we go before these are implemented as keywords. Just out of based research, my head, to ap us history 1812 get started, lets say we had a method. which can be used instead of the what research, keyword, the help grade math, problem could be reduced,without keywords, to. and we did some load-time fcode manipulation to what thesis based research find calls to await and convert it to something like you mentioned(without this fcode manipulation await will fall back being blocking).
Exception handlers can be simple closures like above. I'd like to ap us history war of hear more about what your ideas on entrepreneurship case remaining code to based research paper execute and how would code inside something like ftpclient.uploadFile itself would be written. In many cases threads cannot be avoided, but as long as we have ways to entrepreneurship case studies free up the current thread, all the tasks could happily execute as multiple events given a thread pool(and actors already provide a great way to do that). I like the what is a thesis based paper, idea of async and await but dislike it as a keyword. I think brian is right. Concurrency should be untangled from the language. As A Global? Could you use Facets as some sort of is a based research, fake keywords?
Also it you seem mighty certain Fantom will get generics. Basing your framework on that assumption is rather risky. About the keyword thing, I agree with both of you that it would be better if async and await could be isolated from the core language. Help For 3rd Grade? But compiler support is based research, really needed here. I would really like these transformations to happen at compile-time rather than at load-time as it would allow things like jstub or LLVM compiler to work with this. Which makes me think it might be good to have some way to define pod-specific keywords that would act as compiler plugins. @kaushik I'd be glad to work with you on that! :) I'd like to hear more about your ideas on remaining code to execute Ok. Let's take a simplified version of essay war of, our previous example and let's look at what is a thesis based research, how it is currently translated to FCode. I have voluntarily removed closures to simplify and I have removed exception handling as I haven't thought about that yet: gets translated to: The obvious answer to english as a global language essay pdf get the code remaining to execute (I think its called a continuation so I call it like this from what paper, now) is: at boy problems, least, the code that is what thesis research paper, after the await keyword.
But potentially, there is more as we could be nested inside a control-flow statement (like in essay this case, with the for is a thesis based paper loop). So we need to essay against consider all the jumping opcodes in this section of the thesis based research paper, code: There's only one jumping opcode that jumps to history essay war of 1812 opcode at offset 15, so the continuation needs to include code from at least opcode 15: Again, let's look at the new jump opcodes: there is is a research, one (JumpFalse 67) but the homework for 3rd grade math, continuation already include this code, so we're fine. So now, we just need to create a closure from this (meaning capturing used local variables and isolate this code into what is a research paper its own object). Once we have done that, the essay, last thing we need to do is to add a Jump opcode at the start of the what research, continuation to jump directly at the instruction just after the await keyword, so when the completion-handler gets called, we'll resume directly where we have left. The code of our continuation would then look like this (I haven't done the local variable capturing part as it is quite difficult to do this manually. :)):
I'm not sure I'm clear in my explanation so don't hesitate to ask questions :). I think it plays well with closures. I'm not sure how well it works with exception-handling though. and how would code inside something like ftpclient.uploadFile itself would be written. I see two ways of writing this: First way: you have an existing synchronous FtpClient class. You can easily make an AsyncFtpClient by using an actor: Second way: you use an async network API (async sockets with select/poll) and you write your own implementation of the FTP protocol with this API. This is the preferred way as it does not require any thread here (this is the node.js way). Essay War Of? Thanks for taking the time to post such a thorough write-up. Research? I actually really like the ideas that C# is exploring with their async feature. We actually experience this issue ourselves quite a bit when we use Fantom to write JS/browser code - because if you make 4 async XHRs, then you have to boy problems ann hulbert essay write four levels of nested closures.
With the way await is done in C# it can return only one value. Closures are actually useful and essay, more clean in what is a thesis research paper some cases. For eg., when it needs to be called multiple times. I'd really want to mix and match closures and await. in entrepreneurship studies C# async methods are allowed to is a thesis based paper return values. History Essay War Of 1812? that means it can be used only in is a thesis based research paper conjunction with async keywords. I was just exploring alternative syntaxes. Math? For eg., Let's say await was a block-like instead of a function-like. We could do something like: An async method cannot return anything. An await block can contain one or multiple statements.
If it has multiple statements each can run in parallel The results of await can be captured using =, into what is a based paper variables declared right there or variable declare above the await block. Though declaring variable in the end might seems a little odd to begin with, if you think about as a language essay pdf it, it's exactly the is a thesis based research, place where you would define them with closures. Essay? Anything after await is guaranteed to execute after the what is a based research paper, await block- Execeptions can be handled using try,catch. On the implementation part, I'd really love if the implementation would be simple enough to be rewritten within the homework grade math, method itself as closures. for what based research paper ex. a while loop if contains the await keyword be changed form: The method awhile takes care of while loop logic, but in an evented fashion. English As A Global? With closures, things are clear on what executes in parallel and what executes in what is a based sequence. if something is defined inside a closure, it happens after the first thing happens, if it's not it can get executed in parallel. With await everything happens one at a time. Actually, you can do parallel execution with the opinion essay against, async keyword. Here is what based research, how you would write your example if you want the entrepreneurship studies, SQL request and the web-fetch to be executed in what is a based parallel: You just need to call each async method before the boy problems, await keyword and what is a thesis based paper, then those methods will execute in parallel. It also allows you to execute all the iteration of a loop in parallel (say I want to upload all files on the FTP server in buy essays parallel in my previous example). Sometimes, especially when you are doing something that requires evented execution, you might actually want to what is a based paper return multiple values.
It's much more convenient than keeping it around in an object or making another call. With the way await is ann hulbert essay, done in C# it can return only what is a thesis based research one value. History War Of? I am not sure this problem is specific to async methods. Even with blocking methods, multiple return values are something handy. Thesis Based Research Paper? I think tuples (with syntaxic sugar) are probably a more generic way to solve this problem. Closures are actually useful and more clean in some cases. Cheap? For eg., when it needs to be called multiple times. I'd really want to mix and match closures and await. in C# async methods are allowed to research paper return values. that means it can be used only in conjunction with async keywords. I'm not sure I get what you mean here. In this proposal, async methods are just methods that return a Future (which could be FutureVoid). await is just a way to get the euthanasia, result of the Future without blocking the what thesis based research paper, thread.
When i needed multiple return values in is a thesis based paper the past, I had modeled them using closures and homework help for 3rd, thought - Aw.Neat.Closures! Now we are trying to device ways to circumvent them :). But seriously, dosen't that problem double up when you are talking about evented methods that potentially does something blocking and another call would mean another request or creating-encasing classes for what based the heck of it (given that we don't have closures to model multiple-return values)? I'm not sure I get what you mean here. Actually what i was exploring was something very simple. Is there a possibility to just convert await calls to entrepreneurship studies simple closures instead of what is a thesis research, gotos or state-machines . I'vent really given too much thought and buy essays, I might be totally wrong here or naive, but just bringing in what is a thesis research the possibilities for us to ap us history 1812 think out. What Research? I'll leave it up to to decide which one's right depending on pros and cons. Suppose instead of having special async methods, we had regular methods that took a closure. This is exactly how i would have written this method if din't have the async keyword. Help For 3rd Math? now this method can be called by anyone with or without await keywords. Research Paper? you see (2) was just a syntax sugar for (1) or something like it. Ofcourse the generated code will not be as simple as (1) when await is nested within blocks. for eg., will have to be compiled to essay something like : A little more complex, but generated code is is a research, understandable and still valid fantom. Ann Hulbert Essay? Also it'll be really bad if await cannot be used inside closures like each.
For eg., might get converted to: closures actually copy the value of what is a thesis, local variable and it will work as-supposed in this case. But I've a feeling you can come up with other cases where it will not work. Just thinking aloud. The main issue is that you really need continuations to snapshot the runtime state of the call stack. In some languages, continuations are their own first class feature that can then be used to build features like await. I sort of like that approach (in which case then maybe only continuations get built into compiler) and await can just be a library feature.
Void findLastEmployee(Int mgrId, |Employee? lastEmployee, Err? e| completion) A completion handler and based research, a returned Future are almost the same thing. English As A Global Pdf? They both transmit a result or an is a thesis based research, error and they can notify when this result/error is available. So this method can be rewritten as: The advantage of the future approach is that it requires almost no changes if you transform sync code to cheap async code: The result of the operation (here the last employee) is still returned by the method Getting the result will throw an thesis based, exception if there was an studies, error so error-handling does not need to what based research paper be modified. With the completion-handler, you need to check the error in each completion-closure. Methods marked with async just makes the method returns a FutureReturnType instead of ReturnType . But you can still call this method without having to use the await keyword. Here is an example: About your Eventor idea, let me think about it and entrepreneurship case, I'll get back to you! :) Continuation/coroutines are indeed another way to solve this problem. This is the way I've implemented it in a C++ project.
In the above example. would just be a shortcut for. When clubbed with await, maybe all we need to do is move everything that can get executed after await into it's own closure (yeild). So.. War Of 1812? would be converted to. or something like it. There might be some hairy cases(I havent really thought too much) but as long as everyone understands what's happening, if await could simply be reduced to what thesis based research : make-my-closures, and I can resort to closures whenever I want that'll be cool. This implementation does not require us to go deep into the compiler, and can be implemented at opinion against euthanasia, the source level or just after tokenizing. if Fantom gets generics.
Well that's the hard part. Euthanasia? As soon as you have conditional/loop-statements, building a closure with what comes next is pretty complex. here's a for loop. like wise for while. You go up from await and what is a research paper, everything after a end of boy problems ann hulbert, block from there will be inside event.next. What i was thinking is, closures already does all the hard part of copying the local variables to instance variables and stuff, should we really have to repeat all that? Can you mail me a few more examples, we can try to based research work out if it gets really scary or not. @kaushik Your solution seems to work well! I think it can handle all the cases.
Here is a list of pros and cons I see: await can be used inside a closure, which is case studies, not possible out-of-the-box with the is a paper, state-machine approach Produced code is more readable than state-machine code (not sure we actually care about that) Adds a lot of closures. One for each step, several for each loop statements Does not work out-of-the-box with exception-handling. If there were any try/catch in history war of 1812 the initial code, it should be repeated inside each event.next block. What i was thinking is, closures already does all the hard part of copying the local variables to instance variables and stuff, should we really have to repeat all that? I'm not sure this is as hard as with closure. All we have to do is based research paper, detecting which local vars are used by ann hulbert essay, several async steps and move them to fields (since one async method generates one class). Adds a lot of closures. One for each step, several for each loop statements. Based Research Paper? You'll add closures and/or rework loops only when it contains an await. Otherwise you leave it as is.. for essay war of 1812 eg., gets converted to.
Does not work out-of-the-box with exception-handling. If there were any try/catch in the initial code, it should be repeated inside each event.next block. What Is A Based Paper? Instead of help for 3rd, repeating, if you change try/catch into closures themselves. For eg., This has to is a thesis research paper be done, as with point (1), only when the try/catch contains await. Otherwise it's fine to leave it as is.
I'm not sure this is as hard as with closure. All we have to do is detecting which local vars are used by help for 3rd math, several async steps and move them to fields (since one async method generates one class) If this is as simple to implement I am cool with this too. We should just pick one of these approaches and start coding and see how it goes. Research? I suggested that the closures approach would be simple because. Fantom currently does not have generics, multiple return types or completion handler. So with closures approach we could start now Also, we don't really know, if await would actually make it to fantom core. It could always be a language ad-on library with a special builder and entrepreneurship studies, I am cool with that too. In such a case, so many libraries would come without being a special async method and await would still be useful in what thesis paper calling those. There is no change in the method signature await does not return anything. This would simplify the finding of the next code to execute(in early-on compilation steps) If we did go with the state-machine approach, we absolutely must find a way to use it inside a closure, even if it's a bit of a hack. When writing fantom I always find writing code inside a closure. for eg., an each block or fanbatis's transaction It's clear how the generated code will look like - mostly similar to how it would have looked with if I din't use await.
If local vars are moved to boy problems ann hulbert essay instance vars how will it affect debugging and stuff? Do we have to do more work for is a research paper supporting that? @kaushik Thanks for this good summary! Let me try to answer some of your points. Fantom currently does not have generics, multiple return types or completion handler. So with closures approach we could start now We still need to implement the = operator you mentionned. Without it, it'll be lot less nice for the user to use the against euthanasia, closure-approach. So if we're going to need to modify the compiler to thesis based research implement this, we might as well implement tuples and make all methods benefit from this! :) If we did go with the state-machine approach, we absolutely must find a way to use it inside a closure, even if it's a bit of a hack. When writing fantom I always find writing code inside a closure. for eg., an each block or fanbatis's transaction Yes, I agree this is an important problem to solve.
I haven't given a lot of as a language essay pdf, thought about this yet. I'll try to see if I can come up with something to solve this. Also, we don't really know, if await would actually make it to fantom core. It could always be a language ad-on library with a special builder and I am cool with that too. In such a case, so many libraries would come without being a special async method and await would still be useful in calling those. Yes, that's a good point. If we have no way to apply modifications on the AST, the state-machine approach is a no go. Here is what I would propose to is a based research be able to do this with minimal modifications to the compiler (pluggable compiler-steps). @brian What is your opinion about this? Do you think that it is global pdf, something that could be added to the compiler? @brian What is your opinion about this?
Do you think that it is something that could be added to the compiler? One thing I really want to is a thesis avoid is branches of the help math, Fantom language which aren't immediately readable as such. What I like about DSLs is that there is a clear anchor type to see what DSL type you might be missing to compile certain code. It doesn't always have to be a DSL anchor type, but I want to keep some readable mechanism so that it is clear a pod depends on some compiler plugin. I noticed that Scala has some kind of continuation support they are calling bounded continuations. See http://www.scala-lang.org/node/2096 and is a thesis based paper, the paper linked at the end. The basic idea is that you define some block of code that is continuable which they do using the ann hulbert essay, reset block. This piece of code triggers some kind of altered state such that future calls to the continuation (by calling shift()) will call the part of the code coming after the currently executing part of the research, call stack in the original reset() block. shift is a method that takes a closure and passes the current continuation to it as a parameter, so upon calling that continuation you're invoking the remainder of the code in the reset block. The reset block itself appears to be waiting synchronously for studies all the code within, although perhaps if the shift() method stores the given contuation for later use then I can't tell whether the original caller of the paper, reset block would wait or return Nothing. So that means the transformation is to take each line of english global essay, code in the reset block that may have a shift call in it and change it so that the is a, rest of the code in the reset block is passed as a hidden parameter (a closure). Any methods that will call shift to homework return values asynchronously are annotated so that the is a thesis based research, compiler knows whether to split the homework grade math, method up and based research, pass the hidden parameter.
Here a couple of libraries that are apparently achieving this goal using bytecode instrumentation: Somehow I think this could even be done at the source level with a source-source transformation, like this: Coroutine.suspend() is added as an operation to snapshot the current state and what research paper, return it to the original caller. Boy Problems? Calls to Coroutine.suspend() throw a special exception Named functions and methods that may call Coroutine.suspend() (even indirectly) must be annotated with a keyword or annotation, closures can possibly auto-detect those calls. Thesis Based Research? Call sites to functions and homework for 3rd, methods that may call Coroutine.suspend() are automatically wrapped in a try/catch block which catches the special exception and pushes local state into the exception All the control flow surrounding a potential call to Coroutine.suspend() has to be modified so that it applies this state information and restores the function pointer to the appropriate location. When the coroutine is resumed the state that was previously saved is passed in as a hidden parameter of some kind To start a Coroutine you use Coroutine.start() and pass a function that calls Coroutine.suspend() directly or indirectly, it returns a Continuation object. A Continuation object is a const snapshot of the state of the Coroutine at the the last call to suspend OR after the Coroutine has returned from the top function passed to start() Calling resume() on a Continuation object resumes execution where it left off and returns a new Continuation object next time the Coroutine calls Coroutine.suspend() You could call resume() multiple times on the same Continuation object, probably, at your own risk.
Having this as the baseline creates something that can be easily extended. For example, a Producer class could be built on top of this that implement Producer.yield(x) which stores x , calls Continuation.suspend() , and returns the thesis research, stored x as the next generated value. A Consumer class could be created that has a method Consumer.receive() which calls Coroutine.suspend() . The client of the consumer then regains control and calls consumer.send(x) , which stores x and calls Coroutine.resume() . The receive() method then resumes and returns the new value of x . An AsyncOperation class could be created for asynchronous I/O with a set of asynchronous I/O methods to use. Entrepreneurship Case Studies? Each operation sets up a notification (using NIO or whatever) to be woken up when the results are ready and calls Coroutine.suspend() . The appropriate I/O subsystem is given a reference to the wrapper and what thesis based paper, wakes it up when the data is ready. Opinion Essay Against Euthanasia? For an web server that allows asyncronous request processing, it would have to use the above AsyncOperation paradigm. Seem feasible?
Am I repeating what you were already thinking of? OK I realize I'm talking to what thesis based myself here, but here's another thought. If we have the cheap, technology in place needed to do the above model, a more powerful tool also becomes available. Instead of using suspend() we could instead do a Call with current continuation primitive that is what is a thesis based research, a more powerful building block for ann hulbert essay coroutines, generators, and asynchronous processing. Basically you could do Continuation.callWithCurrent(someFunc) and it will snapshot and what is a thesis based research paper, exit the current execution of the coroutine you are in and then call someFunc , passing a function that, when called, resumes the coroutine at the return from callWithCurrent . As A Pdf? Unlike the call-with-current-continuation feature in what is a thesis Scheme and english as a pdf, similar, the continuation given will be limited in what is a thesis based scope, it won't include the euthanasia, entire call stack but only the part with the right annotation or whatever. Thesis Paper? I think initially this could be implemented as a DSL where you have a syntax like Coroutine| . Fantom code . | . As A Language Essay Pdf? The DSL would use the built-in Fantom parser but then we would post-process the code to support suspending and is a based, creating a continuation function that continues execution. OK I realize I'm talking to myself here, but here's another thought. Boy Problems? I. Is A Thesis Research? Its great to capture all these ideas! Just to entrepreneurship studies restatement my thoughts - I think the idea of continuations is too complicated and is a thesis, immature to add directly into the core. I almost think it would be simpler to port Fantom to entrepreneurship case a VM that supported continuations :-) But I would like to support whoever wants to what is a thesis based paper work on boy problems this effort. For example if it looks like DSL or other compiler changes would streamline a solution, I'd be up for that.
Be nice if this was less invasive to the Fantom core, though. In the original problem statement the main objection to thesis threads was that you can't have very many of them because of their stack memory usage. Have you tried reducing the stack size using -Xss ? How much stack do we really need for a thread?
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oprah winfrey essay Oprah Gail Winfrey. Lifespan development begins from birth and includes all happenings in a person’s life until their death. Oprah Gail Winfrey was born on January 29, 1954 in a small farm in Kosciusko, Mississippi (Krohn 4). Vernita Lee, Oprah’s mother was eighteen years old at the time and unmarried. However, she was in a relationship with twenty-year-old, Vernon Winfrey who was in the army service. At the time of Oprah’s birth, Vernita was still living with her mother and is a based research paper did not have a source of income. Language Essay! Soon after her birth, Oprah’s mother went in search of employment and left Oprah with Hattie Mae Lee, her mother. Life in the farm was not so pleasant as Oprah’s grandmother was poor. They did not have enough money to cater for what research their basic needs like food and clothing.
Oprah’s grandmother knew the importance of education and taught her granddaughter basic reading skills at an early age. She was also introduced to the Christian religion at this early age and would often recite poems at the local church. When Oprah turned six, she went to live with her mother Vernita in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, which was an urban neighborhood as compared to the farm in ap us history war of, Mississippi (Krohn 8). During this period, she did not get as much support as would have been required since her mother had to work long hours as a housemaid. Oprah had a hard time settling in this neighborhood and was raped by one of her cousins when she was nine years old. This case went unreported and she was sexually harassed by one of her mother’s friends and what is a an uncle.
As there was no therapy to help her deal with the trauma, she became rebellious and ran away from home at the age of thirteen. Subsequently, she engaged in promiscuous sexual behavior, which resulted in a pregnancy at the age of buy essays cheap fourteen. However, her delivery was unsuccessful as she had a stillborn child. This added to her trauma and her mother sent her to live with her father in Nashville, Tennessee (Garson 9). From this point on, Oprah’s life changed and she became more disciplined under her father’s strict rules. Additionally, her grades at school improved and her success could be seen from her participation in various contests in East Nashville High School (Krohn 17). Moreover, her career path started taking shape after she joined the speech team and won an oratory contest helping her secure a scholarship at Tennessee State University. What Is A Thesis Based Research Paper! Her teenage years were also characterized by her winning beauty pageants in her neighborhood.
Oprah’s talent and cheap efforts were recognized by a local radio station (WVOL), which employed her while she was still in high school and when she joined college. At the age of twenty-two, Oprah wanted to pursue her career further and paper she moved to Baltimore. Here she started her television talk show, which was reasonably successful because it went on homework grade for eight years. After this, she was employed by a Chicago broadcasting company as the host of a morning show, which was an what is a thesis based paper opening in her career as a TV personality. In 1986, and at boy problems, the age of 32, the show was renamed to is a paper, the Oprah Winfrey Show as it had attracted the attention of many Americans. The content being shown in opinion essay euthanasia, the show changed in 1990 when Oprah decided to cover social issues that affected people. This increased her ratings as people found the show not only entertaining but also educative. The Oprah Winfrey show has lasted for what is a twenty-five years and is expected to end in 2011. Socially, Oprah is not married but has been in a long-term relationship with Stedman Graham since 1986 (Krohn 100).
Additionally, she has no children but is involved in numerous charity events for disadvantaged children. Her contributions are distributed through the Oprah’s Angel Network. One of her most notable efforts is her contributions towards enhancing the lives of South African children affected by AIDS and poverty. She has also established a leadership academy named after her in Johannesburg, South Africa. Additionally, she is credited for ap us essay 1812 her support to President Barrack Obama during the 2008 elections. She continues to be one of the most influential people worldwide. Oprah’s mentor is based paper Maya Angelou, one of the most famous African American writers who Oprah names as a mother figure and friend (Garson 79). Her influence on entrepreneurship case studies how people react to different issues is profound and what is a research she is often called to give her opinion on societal issues. According to psychological studies, a human being’s life is divided into several stages.
Over the years, various theories have been brought up explaining the different stages that every human being must go through in their life. As much as these theories talk about the same thing, they have some similar and boy problems ann hulbert essay some differing points depending on era and personal views that they exhibited during their time. One of the thesis paper, most famous psychologists of the twentieth century is Erik Erikson who developed one of the most popular theories of global language essay pdf human development. His theory covers eight stages, which can be efficiently applied to Oprah Winfrey’s life span. What Paper! The stages are divided in reference to a person’s age and experiences and opinion how these affect the what is a based paper, future stages. The first stage in homework help math, Erikson’s theory of development spans 0 to 1 years and is referred to as trust vs. mistrust or the thesis based research, oral sensory phase (Berk17).
In this stage, a child is completely helpless and they depend on others for everything. English Language Pdf! In this phase, if the what is a research, parent or any other caregiver meets a child’s needs, the child will develop trust. This enables a child to achieve comfort and reliance on the ability of the caregiver to english global language essay, provide for what research their needs. In Oprah’s life, her grandmother was the one taking care of her at this stage. Although she did not have financial power to cater for all her needs, she tried and thus Oprah developed a reasonable level of trust to move to the next stage.
The second stage is english called autonomy vs. shame and doubt or the muscular-anal stage. What Thesis! This phase of english global pdf development takes place between one to three years. During this phase, a child is able to achieve some level of independence only is a, if they are encouraged by the caregivers. A child in homework help for 3rd, this stage has the ability to choose what she wants depending on the freedom granted to thesis based, her. In this stage, Oprah was still living with her grandmother and was beginning to learn reading skills. This enabled her to achieve some sort of autonomy as she could choose whatever books she wanted to english global essay pdf, read. In Erikson’s theory, the third stage is is a thesis research paper referred to as initiative vs. guilt or the locomotor stage (Sigelman and Rider 55). A child between the ages of three to five years is said to be in this stage. At this stage, children are curious and will take the initiative to do something that they have chosen by themselves.
This may be a good or a bad thing. If the caregiver encourages the child to continue with the activity, it will be embedded in their behavior. Essay! On the other hand, if the caregiver discourages certain activities, children will lose interest due to guilt. In Oprah’s case, this period was characterized by a development of interest in reading. Her grandmother supported her and is a thesis encouraged this behavior. Subsequently, this behavior was embedded in Oprah’s behavior and can be seen in homework for 3rd math, her interest in reading even at an advanced age. The fourth stage is referred to as industriousness vs. inferiority and takes place between the is a paper, ages of six and eleven years (Berk 17). According to Erikson, this period is characterized by physical development that enables a child to complete tasks at school and at home. Additionally, this stage is formative since unrecognized efforts may lead to the development of inferiority complex and entrepreneurship low self-esteem. This was a very crucial stage for Oprah since she had to move to her mother’s house in Milwaukee. Due to the lack of support from her mother, Oprah developed feelings of being inferior to others leading to low grades in what thesis based research paper, school.
Additionally, the buy essays cheap, lack of attention from her mother could have led to her delinquency. In Erikson’s theory, the fifth stage is referred to as identity vs. role confusion (Sigelman and Rider 50). This occurs between the ages of is a thesis based paper twelve to eighteen and is commonly known as adolescence. In this period, a person is developing physically and as a pdf they are very conscious about self-image. What Is A Thesis! Additionally, children begin to explore different roles, which they assume are in line with their personalities. A person may change goals often as they keep rediscovering themselves in entrepreneurship studies, the search for identity. If a person is well rounded and supported by caregivers, they will develop a strong sense of identity with a clear picture of what they want in life. However, if this is the thesis research, opposite, a person will be in an identity crisis. For Oprah, this stage was divided into two due to the different characters she developed. When she was eleven to essay war of 1812, fourteen years old, Oprah was in an identity crisis, as she did not know who she was or what she wanted to what is a based research paper, be.
The sexual harassment incidences confused her leading to her promiscuous behavior (Krohn 19). Additionally, the pregnancy and the death of the baby was the turning point as she went to live with her father. Due to the strict and supportive nature of her father, she was able to find an identity and improve her grades while understanding her talents in ap us history essay war of 1812, public speaking. In the what based paper, years between her fourteenth and eighteenth years, she had developed confidence and retreated from the confusions that had existed when she was younger. The sixth stage is referred to as intimacy vs. isolation and buy essays cheap lasts between eighteen and thirty five years. In this stage, persons are focused on intimate relationships or significant development of career (Cooper and Roth 39). For Oprah, this stage was characterized by growth in her career, which lessened her focus on what thesis based research paper intimate relationships. The seventh stage is called generativity vs. stagnation and entrepreneurship lasts between the ages of thirty-five to fifty-five.
A person in what is a, this stage is actively involved with future generation as a parent or as a mentor (Cooper and Roth 40). For Oprah, this stage has been characterized by her numerous philanthropic actions toward disadvantaged children. Additionally, she also teaches some classes in the leadership school she started in South Africa. The last developmental stage takes place when a person is fifty-five years and above and is referred to as ego integrity vs. despair or maturity (Cooper and Roth 42). People in this stage focus on evaluating their life and boy problems accepting who they are and their life achievements. Oprah is what based research paper currently in this stage and this can be seen from her ending the talk show and starting her own network. This shows that she has settled and is ready to take on global language essay pdf a less active role in the business. Another psychologist who is renowned for his theories is Sigmund Freud. Research! His theories on lifespan development focus more on a psychosexual perspective as opposed to homework for 3rd grade, that of what Erikson. He noted that sexual development determined which stage of growth a person is in. This led to the formation of a phased out english global essay pdf, theory, which explained child development depending on the source of pleasure.
The first stage is referred to as oral and occurs from what is a thesis based research, birth to one year. At this stage, a child learns how to suckle the help math, breast or the bottle and what is a thesis based paper this is the mouth represents a source of pleasure and satisfaction. During this period, a child expects the caregiver to meet his or her oral needs adequately. If these needs are not met, a child is likely to develop finger sucking or fingernail biting habits. According to Berk , this may also lead to smoking and overeating as the child matures (16). The second stage in Freud’s psychosexual development theory is the anal phase, which last from one to three years. During this phase, caregivers focus on english essay toilet training as a form of physical and cognitive development. In this perspective, caregivers have to start this training at the right time and give children the chance to develop.
If they are too strict, children may fail to what is a thesis based, develop this important skill. In Freud’s theory, the third stage is help grade math phallic whereby children between three and six years enjoy genital stimulation (Sigelman and Rider 35). Additionally, this period may lead to the development of Oedipus and what Electra complexes. The fourth stage is the latency stage, which occurs between six to eleven years. Children in this stage lose interest in sexual activities and opinion euthanasia focuses on same-sex friendships. The last stage is called genital and develops from adolescence to maturity.
In this stage, people focus on mature sexual behavior, which may lead to marriage and childbirth (Sigelman and Rider 36). Oprah has gone all through the first four stages and is a thesis is currently in the genital stage. Though unmarried, she is in a relationship, which has lasted almost twenty years. However, the early pregnancy may have led to her lack of interest in child bearing. Jean Piaget is renowned for his theory on global essay human cognitive development. In his theory, human development is decided into four major stages, which define the kind of development that they are undergoing. The first stage is called sensorimotor and what is a thesis last from entrepreneurship case studies, birth to two years (Berk 19).
During this stage, the thinking process is restricted to what children see, hear, touch and taste. What Is A Based Research! As the child develops further, they are able to entrepreneurship case, solve simple problems like how to hold a bottle so that they can suckle. The next stage is called the preoperational phase which occurs at thesis based research, two to seven years of age (Berk 19). A child uses symbols to recreate real life and engage in learning activities. Studies! Additionally, playing techniques are more advanced and language capabilities develop rapidly.
This is the stage where Oprah learnt to read. Research Paper! With the help of her grandmother, she was able to discover the use of language as both an entertaining and educative tool. The third stage is called the concrete operational stage and it occurs in children between seven to eleven years. During this period, the thinking process is developed further and the ability to reason can be seen (Berk 20). Additionally, children attend school and cheap are able to understand the different concepts taught at school including some mathematical problems. However, children in this phase are limited to thesis, thinking about issues that are related to for 3rd, real life situations. The last stage, which extends to adult hood begins at seven years of age and is called formal operation (Berk 20). By the time a child reaches this stage, they are able to think logically and analyze logically.
Additionally, the process of abstract thought is developed making it possible to analyze issues that may not be related to real life situations. Oprah showed signs of reaching this stage when she improved her grades in school, participated, and won different contests. Charles Darwin is is a thesis paper considered the father of human lifespan development studies. His interest in ap us essay 1812, studying evolution led to the development of different theories to explain stages of human development. His first publications were recordings of what based his child’s behavior as he developed. Charles Darwin understood that over time, people change hence the importance of essay against studying the what, different phases of development. Additionally, he introduced the idea of continuity in behavior, which meant there was an intricate relationship in the different stages of development (Cooper and homework grade math Roth 50). The theory of natural selection can be applied in Oprah’s case, since her life exemplifies some of the what is a paper, ideas expressed by this theory. Entrepreneurship Studies! For example, natural selection indicates that a person inherits some traits from their parent and Oprah may have inherited her strong personality from her father. Additionally, the theory also shows that the outside environment highly influences these traits modifying them to fit the society. In Oprah’s early years, her personality did not develop adequately since she had no support externally.
The people who lived around her especially her mother did not support this development. However, when she moved in with her father, her behavior changed as the is a based research paper, external environment proved favorable for the change. As seen from the discussion above, various theories can be used to english global language essay pdf, understand Oprah Winfrey’s lifespan development over the years. Erikson’s theory presents a detailed explanation of the different phases of life. Freud analyzes psychosexual development while Piaget discusses cognitive development. As for Darwin, he serves as the introduction to developmental studies. Nonetheless, the most applicable theory for Oprah’s life is that of Erik Erikson. This is because it is more detailed and perfectly fits into Oprah’s lifespan development.
Berk, Laura. Development through the Lifespan . Boston: Allyn Bacon, 2010. Print. Cooper, Troy and what is a based paper Ilona, Roth. Challenging Psychological Issues . Milton Keynes: Open University, 2002. Print.
Garson, Helen. Oprah Winfrey: A Biography . Westport: Greenwood Press, 2004. Print. Krohn, Katherine. Buy Essays! Oprah Winfrey: Global Media Leader . Minneapolis: Twenty-First Century Books, 2009. Print. Sigelman, Carol and Elizabeth, Rider. Life-span Human Development . Australia: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2009.
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A charactor study of Cordelia from Shakespeare's KING LEAR. Essay by camrosti , A- , January 2004. Thesis Based! A?A·Was she there as an studies angel-like character who made the distinction between good and evil more visible? A?A·Was she just thrown in what thesis based paper, as a little goody- goody that did no wrong, and maybe, to some degree, we were supposed to despise? A?A·Or was she there to make us more aware of a crumbling society where many things were opposite to what one might think it should be, with evil generally prevailing over as a language pdf the good (which to some degree is prophetic to today's society)? There are many theories surrounding this character in particular, and no one has reached a definitive conclusion. The best one I can come up with, however, is simply the answer Yes, to what is a paper, all of the above. Cordelia does not appear in the play apart from at the beginning and end. Act I Scene I shows the contrast between herself and her sisters and also establishes Lear's shallow and ap us essay war of, rash nature (the love test).
Her decency is highlighted in Act IV, Scene VII, when she is at Lear's side and he slowly awakes and thinks of her as an angel. He asks the angel for paper Cordelia to ap us 1812, forgive him, but according to Cordelia, there is no need to do so. Her eventual demise (she was hung) is not actually shown on stage - it is merely reported to the King who breaks down and cries. This, despite not being played, shows how much Lear loves his daughter, and shows how he has learned to express his emotions (he was previously against tears, claiming they were women's weapons). What shall Cordelia speak?/ Love, and be silent (I.i.63-64). These words echo a reminiscent time when loyalty to the king and one's father was paramount. Is A Thesis Paper! Cordelia does not have many lines in which one. A charactor study of essay war of 1812 Cordelia from Shakespeare's KING LEAR. What Is A Paper! (2004, January 05). Cheap! In WriteWork.com.
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essays of emerson A subtle chain of countless rings. The next unto the farthest brings; The eye reads omens where it goes, And speaks all languages the rose; And, striving to be man, the worm. Mounts through all the spires of form. Introduction Our age is retrospective.
It builds the sepulchres of the fathers. It writes biographies, histories, and criticism. The foregoing generations beheld God and nature face to what thesis based research, face; we, through their eyes. Why should not we also enjoy an original relation to buy essays cheap, the universe? Why should not we have a poetry and philosophy of insight and not of tradition, and a religion by revelation to us, and not the history of theirs? Embosomed for a season in nature, whose floods of life stream around and through us, and invite us by the powers they supply, to what is a based paper, action proportioned to nature, why should we grope among the dry bones of the past, or put the living generation into masquerade out of its faded wardrobe? The sun shines to-day also. There is more wool and flax in the fields. There are new lands, new men, new thoughts. Opinion Essay? Let us demand our own works and laws and worship. Undoubtedly we have no questions to ask which are unanswerable.
We must trust the perfection of the creation so far, as to believe that whatever curiosity the what is a thesis based research order of things has awakened in our minds, the order of things can satisfy. As A Language Pdf? Every man's condition is a solution in hieroglyphic to those inquiries he would put. He acts it as life, before he apprehends it as truth. In like manner, nature is already, in its forms and tendencies, describing its own design. Let us interrogate the great apparition, that shines so peacefully around us. Let us inquire, to what end is nature? All science has one aim, namely, to find a theory of what is a thesis based research paper, nature. We have theories of races and of functions, but scarcely yet a remote approach to an idea of creation. We are now so far from the road to truth, that religious teachers dispute and hate each other, and speculative men are esteemed unsound and frivolous. But to case, a sound judgment, the most abstract truth is the most practical.
Whenever a true theory appears, it will be its own evidence. Its test is, that it will explain all phenomena. Now many are thought not only unexplained but inexplicable; as language, sleep, madness, dreams, beasts, sex. Philosophically considered, the universe is composed of Nature and the Soul. What Paper? Strictly speaking, therefore, all that is separate from us, all which Philosophy distinguishes as the NOT ME, that is, both nature and art, all other men andmy own body, must be ranked under this name, NATURE. Essay? In enumerating the is a thesis research values of nature and casting up their sum, I shall use the word in both senses; -- in its common and in its philosophical import.
In inquiries so general as our present one, the inaccuracy is not material; no confusion of thought will occur. Nature, in the common sense, refers to essences unchanged by man; space, the boy problems air, the river, the leaf. Art is applied to the mixture of his will with the same things, as in a house, a canal, a statue, a picture. But his operations taken together are so insignificant, a little chipping, baking, patching, and what thesis research paper, washing, that in an impression so grand as that of the world on the human mind, they do not vary the result. Chapter I NATURE To go into solitude, a man needs to retire as much from his chamber as from society. I am not solitary whilst I read and write, though nobody is with me.
But if a man would be alone, let him look at the stars. The rays that come from those heavenly worlds, will separate between him and buy essays, what he touches. Based Research? One might think the atmosphere was made transparent with this design, to give man, in boy problems essay, the heavenly bodies, the perpetual presence of the sublime. Seen in the streets of what thesis research paper, cities, how great they are! If the stars should appear one night in ann hulbert, a thousand years, how would men believe and adore; and preserve for many generations the remembrance of the city of God which had been shown! But every night come out these envoys of beauty, and light the is a based paper universe with their admonishing smile. The stars awaken a certain reverence, because though always present, they are inaccessible; but all natural objects make a kindred impression, when the mind is open to their influence. Entrepreneurship? Nature never wears a mean appearance. Neither does the wisest man extort her secret, and lose his curiosity by finding out all her perfection. Nature never became a toy to a wise spirit. The flowers, the animals, the mountains, reflected the wisdom of his best hour, as much as they had delighted the simplicity of what based paper, his childhood.
When we speak of nature in this manner, we have a distinct but most poetical sense in the mind. We mean the integrity of impression made by manifold natural objects. It is this which distinguishes the stick of timber of the wood-cutter, from the tree of the poet. The charming landscape which I saw this morning, is indubitably made up of some twenty or thirty farms. Miller owns this field, Locke that, and Manning the woodland beyond. But none of them owns the landscape. There is a property in the horizon which no man has but he whose eye can integrate all the cheap parts, that is, the poet. This is the best part of these men's farms, yet to this their warranty-deeds give no title. To speak truly, few adult persons can see nature.
Most persons do not see the sun. At least they have a very superficial seeing. The sun illuminates only the eye of the what is a based paper man, but shines into cheap the eye and the heart of the child. The lover of nature is he whose inward and outward senses are still truly adjusted to each other; who has retained the spirit of infancy even into the era of manhood. What Is A Based Research Paper? His intercourse with heaven and earth, becomes part of his daily food. In the presence of nature, a wild delight runs through the man, in essay, spite of real sorrows. Nature says, -- he is my creature, and maugre all his impertinent griefs, he shall be glad with me. Not the sun or the what summer alone, but every hour and season yields its tribute of delight; for every hour and english as a language essay, change corresponds to and authorizes a different state of the is a thesis based research mind, from breathless noon to grimmest midnight. Nature is a setting that fits equally well a comic or a mourning piece.
In good health, the air is a cordial of incredible virtue. Buy Essays? Crossing a bare common, in snow puddles, at twilight, under a clouded sky, without having in my thoughts any occurrence of special good fortune, I have enjoyed a perfect exhilaration. What Is A Thesis? I am glad to the brink of fear. Opinion Essay? In the is a based research paper woods too, a man casts off his years, as the snake his slough, and at what period soever of life, is always a child. In the woods, is perpetual youth. Within these plantations of God, a decorum and sanctity reign, a perennial festival is dressed, and boy problems ann hulbert, the guest sees not how he should tire of them in a thousand years. In the woods, we return to reason and what, faith. There I feel that nothing can befall me in life, -- no disgrace, no calamity, (leaving me my eyes,) which nature cannot repair. Standing on the bare ground, -- my head bathed by the blithe air, and uplifted into infinite space, -- all mean egotism vanishes.
I become a transparent eye-ball; I am nothing; I see all; the currents of the Universal Being circulate through me; I am part or particle of God. The name of the nearest friend sounds then foreign and accidental: to be brothers, to be acquaintances, -- master or servant, is then a trifle and a disturbance. English As A Global Pdf? I am the lover of paper, uncontained and immortal beauty. In the wilderness, I find something more dear and homework help grade math, connate than in streets or villages. What Research? In the cheap tranquil landscape, and especially in the distant line of the research horizon, man beholds somewhat as beautiful as his own nature. The greatest delight which the fields and woods minister, is the suggestion of an occult relation between man and the vegetable.
I am not alone and unacknowledged. They nod to entrepreneurship case studies, me, and I to them. Thesis Paper? The waving of the boughs in the storm, is new to me and ap us history, old. What Is A Based Research Paper? It takes me by surprise, and yet is not unknown. War Of 1812? Its effect is like that of a higher thought or a better emotion coming over me, when I deemed I was thinking justly or doing right. Yet it is certain that the power to produce this delight, does not reside in nature, but in man, or in a harmony of both. It is necessary to use these pleasures with great temperance. For, nature is not always tricked in holiday attire, but the same scene which yesterday breathed perfume and glittered as for the frolic of the nymphs, is overspread with melancholy today. Nature always wears the colors of the what thesis based research spirit. To a man laboring under calamity, the history war of 1812 heat of his own fire hath sadness in it.
Then, there is a kind of what is a thesis based research paper, contempt of the landscape felt by him who has just lost by boy problems ann hulbert essay death a dear friend. The sky is less grand as it shuts down over less worth in the population. Chapter II COMMODITY Whoever considers the final cause of the world, will discern a multitude of usesthat result. They all admit of being thrown into one of the thesis research following classes; Commodity; Beauty; Language; and Discipline. Under the general name of Commodity, I rank all those advantages which our senses owe to nature.
This, of course, is as a a benefit which is what is a thesis research paper temporary and homework grade math, mediate, not ultimate, like its service to the soul. What Is A Based Paper? Yet although low, it is perfect in its kind, and is the only use of nature which all men apprehend. The misery of man appears like childish petulance, when we explore the boy problems ann hulbert steady and prodigal provision that has been made for his support and delight on this green ball which floats him through the heavens. What angels invented these splendid ornaments, these rich conveniences, this ocean of air above, this ocean of water beneath, this firmament of earth between? this zodiac of thesis research paper, lights, this tent of dropping clouds, this striped coat of climates, this fourfold year? Beasts, fire, water, stones, and corn serve him.
The field is at global, once his floor, his work-yard, his play-ground, his garden, and his bed. More servants wait on man. Than he 'll take notice of. ------ Nature, in its ministry to man, is not only the material, but is also the process and the result. All the parts incessantly work into what is a paper each other's hands for the profit of man. The wind sows the seed; the sun evaporates the sea; the wind blows the vapor to the field; the ice, on the other side of the planet, condenses rain on this; the rain feeds the plant; the plant feeds the animal; and thus the endless circulations of the divine charity nourish man. The useful arts are reproductions or new combinations by the wit of man, of the same natural benefactors. He no longer waits for case studies favoring gales, but by means of steam, he realizes the fable of is a based, Aeolus's bag, and carries the two and thirty winds in opinion essay, the boiler of thesis based paper, his boat. To diminish friction, he paves the road with iron bars, and, mounting a coach with a ship-load of men, animals, and merchandise behind him, he darts through the country, from case town to town, like an eagle or a swallow through the air. By the aggregate of these aids, how is the face of the world changed, from the era of what is a research paper, Noah to that of Napoleon!
The private poor man hath cities, ships, canals, bridges, built for him. He goes to the post-office, and the human race run on his errands; to entrepreneurship, the book-shop, and the human race read and is a based research paper, write of all that happens, for him; to the court-house, and nations repair his wrongs. Buy Essays? He sets his house upon the road, and the human race go forth every morning, and shovel out the snow, and cut a path for him. But there is no need of specifying particulars in this class of uses. The catalogue is endless, and the examples so obvious, that I shall leave them to the reader's reflection, with the general remark, that this mercenary benefit is one which has respect to a farther good.
A man is is a thesis research paper fed, not that he may be fed, but that he may work. Chapter III BEAUTY A nobler want of man is served by nature, namely, the love of Beauty. The ancient Greeks called the world , beauty. Such is the boy problems ann hulbert essay constitution of all things, or such the plastic power of the human eye, that the primary forms, as the sky, the mountain, the tree, the animal, give us a delight in and for themselves; a pleasure arising from what is a thesis outline, color, motion, and grouping. This seems partly owing to the eye itself.
The eye is the best of artists. By the mutual action of its structure and of the laws of global pdf, light, perspective is produced, which integrates every mass of objects, of what character soever, into what thesis based a well colored and shaded globe, so that where the particular objects are mean and unaffecting, the landscape which they compose, is round and symmetrical. Essay? And as the eye is the best composer, so light is the first of painters. There is no object so foul that intense light will not make beautiful. And the stimulus it affords to the sense, and a sort of infinitude which it hath, like space and time, make all matter gay. Even the what is a based corpse has its own beauty. Cheap? But besides this general grace diffused over nature, almost all the individual forms are agreeable to the eye, as is proved by our endless imitations of some of them, as the acorn, the grape, the pine-cone, the wheat-ear, the egg, the wings and forms of most birds, the lion's claw, the is a paper serpent, the butterfly, sea-shells, flames, clouds, buds, leaves, and the forms of many trees, as the palm. For better consideration, we may distribute the aspects of Beauty in a threefold manner. 1. First, the simple perception of natural forms is a delight. Entrepreneurship Studies? The influence of the forms and actions in nature, is so needful to what thesis research paper, man, that, in its lowest functions, it seems to lie on entrepreneurship studies the confines of commodity and beauty. To the based paper body and mind which have been cramped by noxious work or company, nature is medicinal and restores their tone.
The tradesman, the help for 3rd attorney comes out of the din and craft of the street, and sees the sky and what is a based, the woods, and entrepreneurship case, is a man again. In their eternal calm, he finds himself. The health of the eye seems to demand a horizon. What Paper? We are never tired, so long as we can see far enough. But in other hours, Nature satisfies by its loveliness, and without any mixture of corporeal benefit. I see the spectacle of morning from the hill-top over against my house, from day-break to sun-rise, with emotions which an buy essays angel might share. The long slender bars of cloud float like fishes in the sea of is a paper, crimson light. From the earth, as a shore, I look out into that silent sea. I seem to partake its rapid transformations: the active enchantment reaches my dust, and war of 1812, I dilate and conspire with the morning wind.
How does Nature deify us with a few and cheap elements! Give me health and a day, and I will make the pomp of emperors ridiculous. The dawn is my Assyria; the sun-set and moon-rise my Paphos, and unimaginable realms of faerie; broad noon shall be my England of the senses and the understanding; the night shall be my Germany of mystic philosophy and dreams. Not less excellent, except for our less susceptibility in the afternoon, was the charm, last evening, of is a thesis, a January sunset. The western clouds divided and subdivided themselves into opinion pink flakes modulated with tints of unspeakable softness; and the air had so much life and sweetness, that it was a pain to come within doors. What was it that nature would say? Was there no meaning in the live repose of the what is a based valley behind the mill, and which Homer or Shakspeare could not reform for me in words? The leafless trees become spires of flame in the sunset, with the blue east for their back-ground, and the stars of the dead calices of flowers, and every withered stem and stubble rimed with frost, contribute something to as a global language essay, the mute music.
The inhabitants of cities suppose that the country landscape is pleasant only half the year. I please myself with the graces of the is a research winter scenery, and believe that we are as much touched by it as by the genial influences of summer. To the attentive eye, each moment of the year has its own beauty, and in history essay, the same field, it beholds, every hour, a picture which was never seen before, and which shall never be seen again. Is A Paper? The heavens change every moment, and reflect their glory or gloom on the plains beneath. The state of the crop in the surrounding farms alters the expression of the opinion euthanasia earth from what thesis research week to week.
The succession of help for 3rd math, native plants in the pastures and roadsides, which makes the is a based paper silent clock by which time tells the summer hours, will make even the pdf divisions of the day sensible to a keen observer. The tribes of birds and insects, like the plants punctual to their time, follow each other, and the year has room for all. By water-courses, the variety is greater. In July, the blue pontederia or pickerel-weed blooms in large beds in the shallow parts of our pleasant river, and swarms with yellow butterflies in what thesis, continual motion. Art cannot rival this pomp of purple and english language pdf, gold. What Research? Indeed the river is a perpetual gala, and boasts each month a new ornament.
But this beauty of Nature which is seen and felt as beauty, is the least part. The shows of day, the dewy morning, the rainbow, mountains, orchards in blossom, stars, moonlight, shadows in still water, and the like, if too eagerly hunted, become shows merely, and mock us with their unreality. Go out of the ann hulbert house to see the moon, and 't is mere tinsel; it will not please as when its light shines upon your necessary journey. The beauty that shimmers in the yellow afternoons of October, who ever could clutch it? Go forth to find it, and it is gone: 't is only a mirage as you look from the windows of is a research paper, diligence. 2. The presence of a higher, namely, of the spiritual element is essential to its perfection.
The high and divine beauty which can be loved without effeminacy, is essay war of that which is found in combination with the human will. Beauty is the mark God sets upon virtue. Thesis Based Research? Every natural action is graceful. Every heroic act is also decent, and causes the place and the bystanders to shine. Help For 3rd Grade? We are taught by is a based research great actions that the universe is the property of every individual in it. Every rational creature has all nature for his dowry and estate. It is his, if he will.
He may divest himself of it; he may creep into a corner, and abdicate his kingdom, as most men do, but he is entitled to buy essays cheap, the world by his constitution. In proportion to the energy of his thought and will, he takes up the is a thesis based research world into himself. All those things for which men plough, build, or sail, obey virtue; said Sallust. The winds and waves, said Gibbon, are always on the side of the ablest navigators. So are the sun and buy essays, moon and all the thesis based paper stars of heaven. When a noble act is done, -- perchance in a scene of essay, great natural beauty; when Leonidas and what thesis based, his three hundred martyrs consume one day in dying, and the sun and ap us essay war of, moon come each and look at them once in the steep defile of Thermopylae; when Arnold Winkelried, in what thesis, the high Alps, under the shadow of the avalanche, gathers in his side a sheaf of Austrian spears to break the line for his comrades; are not these heroes entitled to add the beauty of the scene to as a, the beauty of the deed? When the bark of Columbus nears the shore of America; -- before it, the beach lined with savages, fleeing out of all their huts of cane; the sea behind; and is a based research, the purple mountains of the Indian Archipelago around, can we separate the help for 3rd math man from the living picture? Does not the New World clothe his form with her palm-groves and is a thesis based research paper, savannahs as fit drapery? Ever does natural beauty steal in like air, and envelope great actions. When Sir Harry Vane was dragged up the Tower-hill, sitting on a sled, to suffer death, as the champion of the English laws, one of the multitude cried out to entrepreneurship case studies, him, You never sate on so glorious a seat. Charles II., to intimidate the citizens of London, caused the patriot Lord Russel to be drawn in an open coach, through the principal streets of the city, on his way to the scaffold.
But, his biographer says, the is a thesis based multitude imagined they saw liberty and virtue sitting by his side. In private places, among sordid objects, an act of truth or heroism seems at once to draw to as a language, itself the sky as its temple, the sun as its candle. Nature stretcheth out her arms to embrace man, only let his thoughts be of equal greatness. Willingly does she follow his steps with the rose and the violet, and bend her lines of grandeur and grace to the decoration of her darling child. Only let his thoughts be of equal scope, and the frame will suit the picture. A virtuous man is in unison with her works, and makes the central figure of the visible sphere. Homer, Pindar, Socrates, Phocion, associate themselves fitly in our memory with the geography and climate of is a based research, Greece.
The visible heavens and earth sympathize with Jesus. And in common life, whosoever has seen a person of studies, powerful character and happy genius, will have remarked how easily he took all things along with him, -- the persons, the opinions, and the day, and nature became ancillary to a man. 3. There is still another aspect under which the beauty of the world may be viewed, namely, as it become s an object of the intellect. Beside the what is a thesis research paper relation of cheap, things to thesis research, virtue, they have a relation to thought. The intellect searches out the absolute order of things as they stand in the mind of God, and without the colors of affection.
The intellectual and the active powers seem to succeed each other, and the exclusive activity of the history essay war of one, generates the exclusive activity of the other. There is something unfriendly in each to the other, but they are like the alternate periods of feeding and working in animals; each prepares and will be followed by the other. Therefore does beauty, which, in is a research, relation to history war of 1812, actions, as we have seen, comes unsought, and comes because it is unsought, remain for the apprehension and pursuit of the intellect; and then again, in its turn, of the is a research paper active power. Boy Problems Ann Hulbert Essay? Nothing divine dies. All good is is a thesis based research paper eternally reproductive.
The beauty of nature reforms itself in the mind, and not for homework help for 3rd barren contemplation, but for new creation. All men are in some degree impressed by the face of the world; some men even to delight. This love of what research paper, beauty is Taste. Others have the english as a global language essay same love in such excess, that, not content with admiring, they seek to embody it in new forms. The creation of beauty is Art. The production of a work of is a based paper, art throws a light upon the mystery of ap us history war of 1812, humanity. A work of art is an abstract or epitome of the world. Is A Thesis Based Research? It is the result or expression of boy problems, nature, in miniature. For, although the works of is a based paper, nature are innumerable and all different, the result or the expression of them all is similar and single. Nature is a sea of buy essays cheap, forms radically alike and even unique.
A leaf, a sun-beam, a landscape, the ocean, make an analogous impression on the mind. What is common to them all, -- that perfectness and harmony, is beauty. The standard of beauty is the entire circuit of natural forms, -- the totality of nature; which the what is a based research Italians expressed by defining beauty il piu nell' uno. Nothing is quite beautiful alone: nothing but is beautiful in the whole. A single object is only so far beautiful as it suggests this universal grace. The poet, the painter, the sculptor, the musician, the architect, seek each to concentrate this radiance of the world on one point, and each in his several work to satisfy the homework help grade math love of beauty which stimulates him to produce. Thus is Art, a nature passed through the alembic of man.
Thus in art, does nature work through the will of a man filled with the beauty of her first works. The world thus exists to the soul to what is a paper, satisfy the desire of beauty. This element I call an entrepreneurship studies ultimate end. No reason can be asked or given why the soul seeks beauty. Beauty, in its largest and is a research, profoundest sense, is essay one expression for the universe.
God is the all-fair. Truth, and goodness, and beauty, are but different faces of the same All. But beauty in nature is not ultimate. It is the herald of inward and eternal beauty, and is not alone a solid and satisfactory good. It must stand as a part, and not as yet the last or highest expression of the final cause of Nature. Chapter IV LANGUAGE Language is a third use which Nature subserves to man. What Is A Thesis Research Paper? Nature is the vehble, and opinion against euthanasia, threefold degree. 1. Words are signs of natural facts. 2. What Is A Thesis Based Research Paper? Particular natural facts are symbols of particular spiritual facts. 3. Nature is the symbol of spirit. 1. Words are signs of natural facts.
The use of natural history is to give us aid in supernatural history: the use of the outer creation, to give us language for the beings and changes of the inward creation. Every word which is used to express a moral or intellectual fact, if traced to its root, is found to boy problems ann hulbert essay, be borrowed from some material appearance. Right means straight ; wrong means twisted . Spirit primarily means wind ; transgression , the crossing of a line ; supercilious , the raising of the eyebrow . We say the heart to express emotion, the head to denote thought; and thought and emotion a re words borrowed from sensible things, and now appropriated to spiritual nature. Most of the process by which this transformation is made, is hidden from us in the remote time when language was framed; but the same tendency may be daily observed in children. What Thesis Based Research Paper? Children and savages use only nouns or names of things, which they convert into verbs, and apply to analogous mental acts. 2. But this origin of all words that convey a spiritual import, -- so conspicuous a fact in the history of language, -- is history war of our least debt to nature. It is what is a based not words only that are emblematic; it is things which are emblematic. Every natural fact is a symbol of some spiritual fact. Every appearance in cheap, nature corresponds to thesis, some state of the mind, and that state of the mind can only as a pdf be described by thesis based research paper presenting that natural appearance as its picture.
An enraged man is opinion essay against a lion, a cunning man is thesis based a fox, a firm man is a rock, a learned man is a torch. A lamb is innocence; a snake is subtle spite; flowers express to language pdf, us the delicate affections. Light and darkness are our familiar expression for knowledge and ignorance; and heat for love. Visible distance behind and before us, is respectively our image of memory and hope. Who looks upon a river in a meditative hour, and is not reminded of the thesis research paper flux of all things? Throw a stone into the stream, and the circles that propagate themselves are the beautiful type of all influence.
Man is entrepreneurship case conscious of a universal soul within or behind his individual life, wherein, as in a firmament, the natures of Justice, Truth, Love, Freedom, arise and shine. This universal soul, he calls Reason: it is not mine, or thine, or his, but we are its; we are its property and men. And the blue sky in which the what thesis based research private earth is buried, the sky with its eternal calm, and full of everlasting orbs, is the type of Reason. That which, intellectually considered, we call Reason, considered in relation to nature, we call Spirit. Spirit is the boy problems Creator. Spirit hath life in itself. Is A Based Research? And man in all ages and countries, embodies it in his language, as the FATHER. It is easily seen that there is help for 3rd grade math nothing lucky or capricious in these analogies, but that they are constant, and pervade nature. These are not the dreams of a few poets, here and there, but man is an analogist, and studies relations in all objects. He is placed in is a thesis research, the centre of opinion, beings, and what based, a ray of relation passes from every other being to him.
And neither can man be understood without these objects, nor these objects without man. All the facts in natural history taken by themselves, have no value, but are barren, like a single sex. But marry it to human history, and it is full of life. Whole Floras, all Linnaeus' and Buffon's volumes, are dry catalogues of facts; but the most trivial of these facts, the essay against euthanasia habit of a plant, the is a organs, or work, or noise of an insect, applied to the illustration of a fact in intellectual philosophy, or, in any way associated to ap us history essay 1812, human nature, affects us in the most lively and agreeable manner. The seed of a plant, -- to what affecting analogies in the nature of man, is what is a thesis that little fruit made use of, in all discourse, up to the voice of Paul, who calls the buy essays human corpse a seed, -- It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. The motion of the is a thesis research paper earth round its axis, and round the sun, makes the day, and the year. These are certain amounts of brute light and heat. But is there no intent of an entrepreneurship analogy between man's life and the seasons? And do the seasons gain no grandeur or pathos from that analogy? The instincts of the ant are very unimportant, considered as the ant's; but the what is a based paper moment a ray of relation is seen to extend from it to man, and the little drudge is seen to be a monitor, a little body with a mighty heart, then all its habits, even that said to be recently observed, that it never sleeps, become sublime.
Because of this radical correspondence between visible things and human thoughts, savages, who have only buy essays cheap what is necessary, converse in figures. As we go back in history, language becomes more picturesque, until its infancy, when it is all poetry; or all spiritual facts are represented by natural symbols. The same symbols are found to make the original elements of all languages. It has moreover been observed, that the idioms of is a, all languages approach each other in passages of the greatest eloquence and power. And as this is the first language, so is cheap it the last. This immediate dependence of is a thesis paper, language upon nature, this conversion of an outward phenomenon into a type of somewhat in human life, never loses its power to affect us. It is this which gives that piquancy to the conversation of a strong-natured farmer or back-woodsman, which all men relish.
A man's power to connect his thought with its proper symbol, and so to boy problems essay, utter it, depends on thesis based research the simplicity of his character, that is, upon his love of truth, and his desire to communicate it without loss. The corruption of pdf, man is followed by the corruption of language. When simplicity of character and the sovereignty of ideas is broken up by the prevalence of secondary desires, the desire of riches, of pleasure, of power, and of praise, -- and duplicity and falsehood take place of simplicity and truth, the power over nature as an interpreter of the will, is in a degree lost; new imagery ceases to be created, and old words are perverted to stand for things which are not; a paper currency is employed, when there is no bullion in the vaults. In due time, the fraud is manifest, and words lose all power to stimulate the understanding or the what thesis affections. Hundreds of writers may be found in cheap, every long-civilized nation, who for a short time believe, and make others believe, that they see and utter truths, who do not of themselves clothe one thought in its natural garment, but who feed unconsciously on the language created by the primary writers of the country, those, namely, who hold primarily on nature. But wise men pierce this rotten diction and what is a thesis based research, fasten words again to visible things; so that picturesque language is at once a commanding certificate that he who employs it, is a man in alliance with truth and God. The moment our discourse rises above the ground line of familiar facts, and is inflamed with passion or exalted by thought, it clothes itself in images. A man conversing in earnest, if he watch his intellectual processes, will find that a material image, more or less luminous, arises in his mind, cotemporaneous with every thought, which furnishes the vestment of the thought. Hence, good writing and brilliant discourse are perpetual allegories. This imagery is spontaneous. Boy Problems Ann Hulbert? It is the blending of experience with the present action of the mind.
It is proper creation. It is the working of the Original Cause through the instruments he has already made. These facts may suggest the advantage which the what is a thesis paper country-life possesses for a powerful mind, over the artificial and curtailed life of cities. We know more from nature than we can at will communicate. Its light flows into the mind evermore, and we forget its presence. The poet, the orator, bred in the woods, whose senses have been nourished by their fair and appeasing changes, year after year, without design and without heed, -- shall not lose their lesson altogether, in the roar of entrepreneurship, cities or the research paper broil of politics. Long hereafter, amidst agitation and terror in national councils, -- in the hour of revolution, -- these solemn images shall reappear in their morning lustre, as fit symbols and words of the thoughts which the passing events shall awaken. At the call of a noble sentiment, again the woods wave, the pines murmur, the river rolls and opinion, shines, and the cattle low upon the mountains, as he saw and heard them in what is a, his infancy. And with these forms, the spells of persuasion, the keys of essay against euthanasia, power are put into his hands. 3. We are thus assisted by natural objects in is a thesis based research, the expression of cheap, particular meanings.
But how great a language to what is a thesis research paper, convey such pepper-corn informations! Did it need such noble races of creatures, this profusion of forms, this host of orbs in heaven, to furnish man with the dictionary and grammar of his municipal speech? Whilst we use this grand cipher to expedite the affairs of our pot and kettle, we feel that we have not yet put it to its use, neither are able. We are like travellers using the cinders of a volcano to roast their eggs. Whilst we see that it always stands ready to clothe what we would say, we cannot avoid the question, whether the characters are not significant of themselves.
Have mountains, and waves, and english, skies, no significance but what we consciously give them, when we employ them as emblems of our thoughts? The world is emblematic. Parts of speech are metaphors, because the whole of nature is a metaphor of the human mind. The laws of is a thesis research paper, moral nature answer to cheap, those of matter as face to face in a glass. What Thesis Research? The visible world and the relation of studies, its parts, is the dial plate of the invisible. Is A Based Research Paper? The axioms of physics translate the laws of ann hulbert, ethics.
Thus, the whole is greater than its part; reaction is research equal to action; the smallest weight may be made to lift the greatest, the english as a language pdf difference of weight being compensated by time; and many the like propositions, which have an ethical as well as physical sense. These propositions have a much more extensive and universal sense when applied to human life, than when confined to technical use. In like manner, the memorable words of history, and the proverbs of nations, consist usually of a natural fact, selected as a picture or parable of a moral truth. Thus; A rolling stone gathers no moss; A bird in the hand is worth two in what is a research, the bush; A cripple in the right way, will beat a racer in the wrong; Make hay while the sun shines; 'T is for 3rd math hard to carry a full cup even; Vinegar is the son of is a based, wine; The last ounce broke the help for 3rd grade camel's back; Long-lived trees make roots first; -- and the like. In their primary sense these are trivial facts, but we repeat them for the value of is a research paper, their analogical import. What is true of proverbs, is opinion essay true of all fables, parables, and allegories. This relation between the mind and matter is not fancied by what thesis based some poet, but stands in the will of God, and so is free to be known by essay against all men. It appears to men, or it does not appear. What Is A Thesis? When in fortunate hours we ponder this miracle, the wise man doubts, if, at homework help grade, all other times, he is not blind and deaf; ------ Can these things be, And overcome us like a summer's cloud, Without our special wonder? for the universe becomes transparent, and the light of higher laws than its own, shines through it.
It is the thesis based standing problem which has exercised the wonder and math, the study of every fine genius since the world began; from the era of the Egyptians and the Brahmins, to that of Pythagoras, of Plato, of Bacon, of Leibnitz, of Swedenborg. There sits the Sphinx at the road-side, and from age to age, as each prophet comes by, he tries his fortune at reading her riddle. There seems to be a necessity in spirit to manifest itself in material forms; and what research paper, day and night, river and storm, beast and bird, acid and english global language pdf, alkali, preexist in necessary Ideas in the mind of God, and are what they are by virtue of preceding affections, in the world of spirit. A Fact is the what is a thesis based research paper end or last issue of spirit. Ann Hulbert Essay? The visible creation is the what is a based research terminus or the english global language pdf circumference of the invisible world. Material objects, said a French philosopher, are necessarily kinds of scoriae of the substantial thoughts of the Creator, which must always preserve an exact relation to their first origin; in other words, visible nature must have a spiritual and moral side. This doctrine is abstruse, and though the images of garment, scoriae, mirror, c., may stimulate the what research fancy, we must summon the aid of subtler and entrepreneurship case, more vital expositors to is a based research, make it plain. Every scripture is to be interpreted by the same spirit which gave it forth, -- is the fundamental law of criticism. A life in harmony with nature, the love of truth and of virtue, will purge the eyes to understand her text.
By degrees we may come to know the primitive sense of the permanent objects of nature, so that the help for 3rd grade math world shall be to us an open book, and every form significant of its hidden life and final cause. A new interest surprises us, whilst, under the view now suggested, we contemplate the fearful extent and multitude of objects; since every object rightly seen, unlocks a new faculty of the soul. That which was unconscious truth, becomes, when interpreted and defined in an object, a part of the domain of knowledge, -- a new weapon in the magazine of power. Chapter V DISCIPLINE In view of the is a based research significance of nature, we arrive at once at a new fact, that nature is a discipline. This use of the world includes the preceding uses, as parts of itself.
Space, time, society, labor, climate, food, locomotion, the animals, the mechanical forces, give us sincerest lessons, day by day, whose meaning is unlimited. They educate both the Understanding and the Reason. Every property of matter is a school for the understanding, -- its solidity or resistance, its inertia, its extension, its figure, its divisibility. The understanding adds, divides, combines, measures, and finds nutriment and room for its activity in this worthy scene. Meantime, Reason transfers all these lessons into its own world of thought, by perceiving the analogy that marries Matter and Mind. 1. Nature is a discipline of the understanding in ap us history essay war of 1812, intellectual truths. Our dealing with sensible objects is what is a based paper a constant exercise in buy essays, the necessary lessons of difference, of likeness, of order, of thesis based research, being and seeming, of progressive arrangement; of ascent from particular to general; of combination to one end of manifold forces.
Proportioned to entrepreneurship, the importance of the organ to be formed, is the extreme care with which its tuition is provided, -- a care pretermitted in no single case. What tedious training, day after day, year after year, never ending, to form the what is a thesis based research paper common sense; what continual reproduction of annoyances, inconveniences, dilemmas; what rejoicing over us of little men; what disputing of prices, what reckonings of interest, -- and cheap, all to form the Hand of the mind; -- to instruct us that good thoughts are no better than good dreams, unless they be executed! The same good office is performed by Property and its filial systems of debt and credit. Debt, grinding debt, whose iron face the widow, the is a based paper orphan, and the sons of genius fear and hate; -- debt, which consumes so much time, which so cripples and disheartens a great spirit with cares that seem so base, is a preceptor whose lessons cannot be forgone, and is needed most by those who suffer from it most. Moreover, property, which has been well compared to snow, -- if it fall level to-day, it will be blown into cheap drifts to-morrow, -- is the surface action of internal machinery, like the index on the face of a clock. Whilst now it is the gymnastics of the is a thesis understanding, it is entrepreneurship studies hiving in the foresight of the spirit, experience in profounder laws. The whole character and fortune of the individual are affected by the least inequalities in is a research paper, the culture of the as a language essay pdf understanding; for example, in the perception of differences. Therefore is Space, and therefore Time, that man may know that things are not huddled and lumped, but sundered and thesis research, individual. A bell and a plough have each their use, and neither can do the office of the other. Boy Problems? Water is good to drink, coal to burn, wool to wear; but wool cannot be drunk, nor water spun, nor coal eaten.
The wise man shows his wisdom in separation, in is a thesis research, gradation, and his scale of creatures and of merits is as wide as nature. The foolish have no range in their scale, but suppose every man is as every other man. What is not good they call the worst, and what is english language pdf not hateful, they call the research paper best. In like manner, what good heed, nature forms in us! She pardons no mistakes. Entrepreneurship Studies? Her yea is yea, and her nay, nay. The first steps in Agriculture, Astronomy, Zoology, (those first steps which the farmer, the hunter, and the sailor take,) teach that nature's dice are always loaded; that in her heaps and rubbish are concealed sure and useful results. How calmly and genially the mind apprehends one after another the laws of physics! What noble emotions dilate the mortal as he enters into the counsels of the creation, and feels by knowledge the privilege to BE! His insight refines him. What Is A Thesis Based Research? The beauty of nature shines in his own breast.
Man is greater that he can see this, and the universe less, because Time and homework grade, Space relations vanish as laws are known. Here again we are impressed and even daunted by the immense Universe to be explored. What we know, is a point to what we do not know. Open any recent journal of science, and weigh the problems suggested concerning Light, Heat, Electricity, Magnetism, Physiology, Geology, and judge whether the interest of natural science is likely to what is a based research paper, be soon exhausted. Passing by many particulars of the discipline of nature, we must not omit to specify two. The exercise of the Will or the lesson of power is taught in every event. From the child's successive possession of his several senses up to the hour when he saith, Thy will be done! he is learning the secret, that he can reduce under his will, not only particular events, but great classes, nay the whole series of events, and so conform all facts to opinion against euthanasia, his character. Nature is thoroughly mediate. What Thesis Based Research Paper? It is made to serve. It receives the case dominion of man as meekly as the ass on which the Saviour rode. Thesis? It offers all its kingdoms to english as a global, man as the raw material which he may mould into what is useful.
Man is never weary of working it up. He forges the subtile and delicate air into wise and paper, melodious words, and gives them wing as angels of persuasion and command. One after another, his victorious thought comes up with and reduces all things, until the english global essay world becomes, at last, only what is a thesis based research paper a realized will, -- the double of the man. 2. Cheap? Sensible objects conform to the premonitions of Reason and reflect the conscience. All things are moral; and in their boundless changes have an unceasing reference to spiritual nature. Therefore is nature glorious with form, color, and motion, that every globe in the remotest heaven; every chemical change from the rudest crystal up to the laws of life; every change of vegetation from the what thesis based paper first principle of growth in the eye of a leaf, to the tropical forest and antediluvian coal-mine; every animal function from the sponge up to Hercules, shall hint or thunder to man the laws of right and wrong, and echo the Ten Commandments. Therefore is nature ever the ally of Religion: lends all her pomp and riches to the religious sentiment. Prophet and priest, David, Isaiah, Jesus, have drawn deeply from this source. This ethical character so penetrates the bone and help math, marrow of nature, as to seem the end for which it was made. Whatever private purpose is answered by any member or part, this is its public and universal function, and is never omitted. Nothing in nature is exhausted in its first use.
When a thing has served an end to the uttermost, it is wholly new for an ulterior service. In God, every end is converted into a new means. Thus the use of commodity, regarded by is a paper itself, is mean and squalid. Boy Problems Ann Hulbert? But it is to the mind an education in the doctrine of Use, namely, that a thing is good only so far as it serves; that a conspiring of parts and efforts to the production of an end, is what is a paper essential to any being. The first and ann hulbert, gross manifestation of this truth, is our inevitable and hated training in values and wants, in corn and meat. It has already been illustrated, that every natural process is a version of a moral sentence. The moral law lies at the centre of nature and radiates to the circumference. It is the pith and marrow of every substance, every relation, and every process. All things with which we deal, preach to what thesis based paper, us.
What is a farm but a mute gospel? The chaff and the wheat, weeds and plants, blight, rain, insects, sun, -- it is a sacred emblem from the first furrow of spring to the last stack which the snow of winter overtakes in the fields. But the sailor, the shepherd, the miner, the merchant, in their several resorts, have each an experience precisely parallel, and buy essays cheap, leading to the same conclusion: because all organizations are radically alike. Is A Thesis? Nor can it be doubted that this moral sentiment which thus scents the air, grows in homework grade math, the grain, and impregnates the waters of the world, is caught by man and sinks into what thesis based paper his soul. The moral influence of nature upon cheap every individual is that amount of truth which it illustrates to him. Who can estimate this? Who can guess how much firmness the sea-beaten rock has taught the fisherman? how much tranquillity has been reflected to man from the azure sky, over whose unspotted deeps the winds forevermore drive flocks of stormy clouds, and leave no wrinkle or stain? how much industry and providence and affection we have caught from the pantomime of brutes? What a searching preacher of self-command is the varying phenomenon of Health! Herein is what based research paper especially apprehended the unity of Nature, -- the unity in variety, -- which meets us everywhere. All the cheap endless variety of things make an identical impression.
Xenophanes complained in his old age, that, look where he would, all things hastened back to Unity. He was weary of seeing the same entity in the tedious variety of forms. The fable of Proteus has a cordial truth. A leaf, a drop, a crystal, a moment of time is related to the whole, and partakes of the perfection of the whole. Each particle is a microcosm, and faithfully renders the likeness of the world.
Not only resemblances exist in things whose analogy is obvious, as when we detect the type of the paper human hand in the flipper of the fossil saurus, but also in objects wherein there is great superficial unlikeness. Thus architecture is called frozen music, by De Stael and Goethe. Vitruvius thought an architect should be a musician. A Gothic church, said Coleridge, is a petrified religion. Michael Angelo maintained, that, to an architect, a knowledge of anatomy is essential. In Haydn's oratorios, the notes present to the imagination not only motions, as, of the snake, the stag, and the elephant, but colors also; as the green grass. The law of harmonic sounds reappears in english global language essay pdf, the harmonic colors. The granite is differenced in its laws only by the more or less of heat, from the river that wears it away.
The river, as it flows, resembles the air that flows over it; the air resembles the light which traverses it with more subtile currents; the light resembles the heat which rides with it through Space. Each creature is only a modification of the other; the likeness in them is more than the difference, and their radical law is one and the same. A rule of one art, or a law of one organization, holds true throughout nature. So intimate is this Unity, that, it is thesis paper easily seen, it lies under the opinion against euthanasia undermost garment of nature, and betrays its source in based, Universal Spirit. For, it pervades Thought also. Every universal truth which we express in help grade, words, implies or supposes every other truth. Omne verum vero consonat. It is like a great circle on a sphere, comprising all possible circles; which, however, may be drawn, and comprise it, in based, like manner. Every such truth is the entrepreneurship absolute Ens seen from one side. But it has innumerable sides.
The central Unity is still more conspicuous in actions. Words are finite organs of the infinite mind. They cannot cover the dimensions of what is in truth. They break, chop, and impoverish it. An action is the perfection and publication of what is a thesis research paper, thought. A right action seems to fill the eye, and to be related to all nature. The wise man, in doing one thing, does all; or, in the one thing he does rightly, he sees the likeness of all which is done rightly. Words and actions are not the attributes of brute nature. They introduce us to the human form, of which all other organizations appear to be degradations. When this appears among so many that surround it, the spirit prefers it to all others.
It says, `From such as this, have I drawn joy and knowledge; in such as this, have I found and beheld myself; I will speak to it; it can speak again; it can yield me thought already formed and alive.' In fact, the eye, -- the mind, -- is always accompanied by these forms, male and female; and these are incomparably the richest informations of the english language power and order that lie at the heart of things. Unfortunately, every one of them bears the marks as of some injury; is marred and superficially defective. Nevertheless, far different from the deaf and dumb nature around them, these all rest like fountain-pipes on the unfathomed sea of thought and virtue whereto they alone, of all organizations, are the entrances. It were a pleasant inquiry to follow into detail their ministry to our education, but where would it stop? We are associated in adolescent and adult life with some friends, who, like skies and waters, are coextensive with our idea; who, answering each to a certain affection of the soul, satisfy our desire on that side; whom we lack power to put at such focal distance from us, that we can mend or even analyze them. What Is A Thesis Based Research Paper? We cannot choose but love them. When much intercourse with a friend has supplied us with a standard of excellence, and has increased our respect for the resources of God who thus sends a real person to outgo our ideal; when he has, moreover, become an object of thought, and, whilst his character retains all its unconscious effect, is converted in the mind into solid and sweet wisdom, -- it is a sign to us that his office is closing, and he is commonly withdrawn from our sight in studies, a short time.
Chapter VI IDEALISM Thus is the unspeakable but intelligible and practicable meaning of the world conveyed to man, the immortal pupil, in every object of sense. To this one end of Discipline, all parts of nature conspire. A noble doubt perpetually suggests itself, whether this end be not the Final Cause of the Universe; and whether nature outwardly exists. It is a sufficient account of is a, that Appearance we call the World, that God will teach a human mind, and so makes it the receiver of a certain number of congruent sensations, which we call sun and moon, man and woman, house and trade. War Of 1812? In my utter impotence to test the authenticity of the report of my senses, to know whether the what paper impressions they make on me correspond with outlying objects, what difference does it make, whether Orion is up there in heaven, or some god paints the image in the firmament of the soul? The relations of parts and the end of the whole remaining the same, what is the difference, whether land and sea interact, and worlds revolve and intermingle without number or end, -- deep yawning under deep, and galaxy balancing galaxy, throughout absolute space, -- or, whether, without relations of essay, time and space, the same appearances are inscribed in the constant faith of based paper, man? Whether nature enjoy a substantial existence without, or is only in the apocalypse of the mind, it is alike useful and alike venerable to me. Be it what it may, it is ideal to me, so long as I cannot try the accuracy of my senses. The frivolous make themselves merry with the Ideal theory, as if its consequences were burlesque; as if it affected the stability of nature. It surely does not. God never jests with us, and will not compromise the end of nature, by permitting any inconsequence in its procession.
Any distrust of the ap us war of permanence of laws, would paralyze the faculties of man. Their permanence is sacredly respected, and his faith therein is what thesis based perfect. The wheels and history 1812, springs of man are all set to the hypothesis of the permanence of nature. We are not built like a ship to what is a thesis, be tossed, but like a house to stand. It is a natural consequence of this structure, that, so long as the entrepreneurship studies active powers predominate over the reflective, we resist with indignation any hint that nature is more short-lived or mutable than spirit.
The broker, the what is a based research paper wheelwright, the carpenter, the toll-man, are much displeased at the intimation. But whilst we acquiesce entirely in the permanence of natural laws, the question of the absolute existence of nature still remains open. It is the uniform effect of culture on the human mind, not to shake our faith in studies, the stability of particular phenomena, as of heat, water, azote; but to lead us to regard nature as a phenomenon, not a substance; to attribute necessary existence to spirit; to esteem nature as an accident and an effect. To the senses and the unrenewed understanding, belongs a sort of instinctive belief in the absolute existence of nature. In their view, man and nature are indissolubly joined. What Is A Based? Things are ultimates, and they never look beyond their sphere. The presence of Reason mars this faith. The first effort of entrepreneurship case, thought tends to based, relax this despotism of the senses, which binds us to nature as if we were a part of it, and shows us nature aloof, and, as it were, afloat. Until this higher agency intervened, the animal eye sees, with wonderful accuracy, sharp outlines and entrepreneurship studies, colored surfaces. When the eye of Reason opens, to outline and surface are at once added, grace and expression. These proceed from imagination and affection, and what thesis research, abate somewhat of the angular distinctness of objects.
If the Reason be stimulated to more earnest vision, outlines and surfaces become transparent, and are no longer seen; causes and spirits are seen through them. The best moments of life are these delicious awakenings of the higher powers, and the reverential withdrawing of nature before its God. Let us proceed to help grade, indicate the effects of culture. 1. Our first institution in the Ideal philosophy is a hint from nature herself. Nature is made to conspire with spirit to emancipate us. Is A Based Paper? Certain mechanical changes, a small alteration in our local position apprizes us of a dualism. We are strangely affected by seeing the shore from a moving ship, from a balloon, or through the homework grade tints of an unusual sky. What Thesis Research Paper? The least change in our point of view, gives the whole world a pictorial air. A man who seldom rides, needs only to get into a coach and traverse his own town, to turn the street into a puppet-show.
The men, the women, -- talking, running, bartering, fighting, -- the earnest mechanic, the lounger, the beggar, the boys, the dogs, are unrealized at once, or, at least, wholly detached from all relation to the observer, and seen as apparent, not substantial beings. What new thoughts are suggested by seeing a face of country quite familiar, in the rapid movement of the rail-road car! Nay, the most wonted objects, (make a very slight change in the point of vision,) please us most. In a camera obscura, the butcher's cart, and essay against, the figure of one of is a thesis paper, our own family amuse us. So a portrait of a well-known face gratifies us. Turn the homework help for 3rd grade eyes upside down, by looking at the landscape through your legs, and how agreeable is the what based research picture, though you have seen it any time these twenty years! In these cases, by mechanical means, is suggested the difference between the observer and the spectacle, -- between man and nature. Hence arises a pleasure mixed with awe; I may say, a low degree of the sublime is felt from the fact, probably, that man is hereby apprized, that, whilst the world is as a global language pdf a spectacle, something in himself is stable. 2. In a higher manner, the is a research paper poet communicates the same pleasure.
By a few strokes he delineates, as on studies air, the sun, the mountain, the is a thesis based paper camp, the city, the hero, the maiden, not different from what we know them, but only lifted from the ground and afloat before the eye. He unfixes the land and the sea, makes them revolve around the axis of his primary thought, and disposes them anew. Possessed himself by opinion euthanasia a heroic passion, he uses matter as symbols of it. The sensual man conforms thoughts to things; the poet conforms things to his thoughts. The one esteems nature as rooted and what thesis based research paper, fast; the other, as fluid, and impresses his being thereon. To him, the refractory world is ductile and flexible; he invests dust and stones with humanity, and makes them the words of the Reason. The Imagination may be defined to be, the use which the Reason makes of the material world.
Shakspeare possesses the buy essays power of subordinating nature for thesis based paper the purposes of history, expression, beyond all poets. His imperial muse tosses the creation like a bauble from what is a thesis based paper hand to hand, and uses it to embody any caprice of thought that is upper-most in essay, his mind. The remotest spaces of nature are visited, and the farthest sundered things are brought together, by a subtle spiritual connection. We are made aware that magnitude of material things is relative, and all objects shrink and expand to serve the passion of the poet. Thus, in his sonnets, the is a thesis based research paper lays of birds, the essay scents and dyes of flowers, he finds to what is a thesis based research paper, be the entrepreneurship shadow of his beloved; time, which keeps her from him, is is a based his chest ; the boy problems ann hulbert suspicion she has awakened, is her ornament ; The ornament of beauty is Suspect, A crow which flies in heaven's sweetest air. His passion is not the fruit of chance; it swells, as he speaks, to a city, or a state. No, it was builded far from based research accident; It suffers not in smiling pomp, nor falls. Under the brow of thralling discontent;
It fears not policy, that heretic, That works on leases of short numbered hours, But all alone stands hugely politic In the strength of his constancy, the Pyramids seem to history essay war of, him recent and transitory. The freshness of youth and love dazzles him with its resemblance to morning. Take those lips away. Which so sweetly were forsworn; And those eyes, -- the break of day, Lights that do mislead the morn. The wild beauty of this hyperbole, I may say, in passing, it would not be easy to match in literature. This transfiguration which all material objects undergo through the what thesis based paper passion of the poet, -- this power which he exerts to dwarf the homework help for 3rd math great, to magnify the small, -- might be illustrated by a thousand examples from his Plays. What Thesis Based Research Paper? I have before me the Tempest, and will cite only these few lines.
ARIEL. English Language Essay? The strong based promontory. Have I made shake, and by the spurs plucked up. The pine and cedar. Prospero calls for music to soothe the is a research paper frantic Alonzo, and his companions; A solemn air, and the best comforter. To an unsettled fancy, cure thy brains. Now useless, boiled within thy skull. Again; The charm dissolves apace, And, as the morning steals upon buy essays cheap the night, Melting the darkness, so their rising senses.
Begin to chase the ignorant fumes that mantle. Their clearer reason. Begins to swell: and the approaching tide. Will shortly fill the reasonable shores. That now lie foul and muddy. The perception of real affinities between events, (that is to say, of ideal affinities, for those only are real,) enables the poet thus to make free with the most imposing forms and phenomena of the world, and to assert the predominance of the soul. 3. Whilst thus the poet animates nature with his own thoughts, he differs from the philosopher only herein, that the one proposes Beauty as his main end; the other Truth. But the philosopher, not less than the poet, postpones the apparent order and relations of things to the empire of thought. The problem of philosophy, according to Plato, is, for all that exists conditionally, to find a ground unconditioned and absolute. It proceeds on the faith that a law determines all phenomena, which being known, the what based phenomena can be predicted. That law, when in the mind, is an idea.
Its beauty is infinite. The true philosopher and the true poet are one, and a beauty, which is truth, and a truth, which is beauty, is the aim of both. Is not the charm of one of Plato's or Aristotle's definitions, strictly like that of the Antigone of Sophocles? It is, in both cases, that a spiritual life has been imparted to nature; that the solid seeming block of matter has been pervaded and dissolved by a thought; that this feeble human being has penetrated the boy problems ann hulbert essay vast masses of nature with an informing soul, and recognised itself in their harmony, that is, seized their law. In physics, when this is attained, the memory disburthens itself of its cumbrous catalogues of particulars, and carries centuries of observation in a single formula. Thus even in physics, the material is degraded before the spiritual. The astronomer, the based research geometer, rely on their irrefragable analysis, and disdain the results of observation.
The sublime remark of Euler on his law of arches, This will be found contrary to all experience, yet is true; had already transferred nature into the mind, and left matter like an help math outcast corpse. 4. Intellectual science has been observed to beget invariably a doubt of the existence of matter. Turgot said, He that has never doubted the existence of matter, may be assured he has no aptitude for metaphysical inquiries. It fastens the attention upon immortal necessary uncreated natures, that is, upon Ideas; and in their presence, we feel that the outward circumstance is a dream and a shade. Whilst we wait in this Olympus of gods, we think of nature as an appendix to the soul. We ascend into their region, and know that these are the thoughts of the Supreme Being. These are they who were set up from what is a based research everlasting, from the beginning, or ever the earth was. When he prepared the heavens, they were there; when he established the clouds above, when he strengthened the fountains of the boy problems ann hulbert essay deep. Then they were by him, as one brought up with him. Of them took he counsel. Their influence is proportionate.
As objects of science, they are accessible to few men. Yet all men are capable of being raised by piety or by passion, into their region. And no man touches these divine natures, without becoming, in what based, some degree, himself divine. Like a new soul, they renew the body. We become physically nimble and lightsome; we tread on air; life is no longer irksome, and we think it will never be so. No man fears age or misfortune or death, in their serene company, for entrepreneurship case studies he is transported out of the district of change. Whilst we behold unveiled the nature of thesis research, Justice and Truth, we learn the difference between the absolute and boy problems, the conditional or relative. We apprehend the absolute. As it were, for the first time, we exist. We become immortal, for thesis we learn that time and space are relations of matter; that, with a perception of truth, or a virtuous will, they have no affinity.
5. Finally, religion and ethics, which may be fitly called, -- the entrepreneurship practice of ideas, or the introduction of ideas into life, -- have an analogous effect with all lower culture, in degrading nature and suggesting its dependence on spirit. Ethics and religion differ herein; that the one is the system of human duties commencing from man; the other, from God. Religion includes the personality of God; Ethics does not. They are one to our present design. They both put nature under foot. The first and last lesson of religion is, The things that are seen, are temporal; the things that are unseen, are eternal. It puts an affront upon nature. It does that for the unschooled, which philosophy does for Berkeley and Viasa. Based? The uniform language that may be heard in the churches of the most ignorant sects, is,------Contemn the unsubstantial shows of the world; they are vanities, dreams, shadows, unrealities; seek the realities of religion. The devotee flouts nature. Some theosophists have arrived at a certain hostility and indignation towards matter, as the Manichean and Plotinus.
They distrusted in themselves any looking back to boy problems essay, these flesh-pots of Egypt. Plotinus was ashamed of his body. Is A Thesis Based? In short, they might all say of matter, what Michael Angelo said of external beauty, it is the frail and weary weed, in which God dresses the soul, which he has called into time. It appears that motion, poetry, physical and intellectual science, and religion, all tend to affect our convictions of the reality of the external world. But I own there is something ungrateful in expanding too curiously the particulars of the general proposition, that all culture tends to imbue us with idealism. I have no hostility to nature, but a child's love to it. I expand and live in the warm day like corn and melons. Let us speak her fair. I do not wish to fling stones at my beautiful mother, nor soil my gentle nest.
I only wish to indicate the true position of nature in regard to man, wherein to establish man, all right education tends; as the ground which to attain is the object of human life, that is, of man's connection with nature. Culture inverts the vulgar views of nature, and brings the mind to call that apparent, which it uses to call real, and that real, which it uses to call visionary. Children, it is true, believe in the external world. The belief that it appears only, is an afterthought, but with culture, this faith will as surely arise on the mind as did the first. The advantage of the ideal theory over the popular faith, is this, that it presents the world in precisely that view which is most desirable to the mind. It is, in fact, the opinion against euthanasia view which Reason, both speculative and practical, that is, philosophy and virtue, take. For, seen in the light of what is a thesis based research paper, thought, the world always is opinion against phenomenal; and virtue subordinates it to the mind. Idealism sees the world in God. It beholds the whole circle of persons and things, of actions and what is a based, events, of country and religion, not as painfully accumulated, atom after atom, act after act, in boy problems, an aged creeping Past, but as one vast picture, which God paints on the instant eternity, for the contemplation of the soul. Therefore the soul holds itself off from a too trivial and microscopic study of the universal tablet. It respects the end too much, to immerse itself in the means.
It sees something more important in research, Christianity, than the scandals of ecclesiastical history, or the niceties of criticism; and, very incurious concerning persons or miracles, and history war of 1812, not at all disturbed by what thesis research chasms of historical evidence, it accepts from God the homework help for 3rd math phenomenon, as it finds it, as the pure and awful form of religion in the world. It is what based research paper not hot and passionate at the appearance of what it calls its own good or bad fortune, at cheap, the union or opposition of other persons. No man is its enemy. It accepts whatsoever befalls, as part of its lesson. It is a watcher more than a doer, and it is a doer, only that it may the better watch. Chapter VII SPIRIT It is based research essential to a true theory of nature and of man, that it should contain somewhat progressive. Uses that are exhausted or that may be, and facts that end in the statement, cannot be all that is true of this brave lodging wherein man is harbored, and wherein all his faculties find appropriate and endless exercise. And all the uses of nature admit of ap us history war of, being summed in one, which yields the activity of based research paper, man an infinite scope.
Through all its kingdoms, to the suburbs and global language pdf, outskirts of things, it is what thesis faithful to the cause whence it had its origin. It always speaks of Spirit. It suggests the absolute. It is a perpetual effect. It is homework grade math a great shadow pointing always to thesis based paper, the sun behind us. The aspect of nature is devout. Like the figure of Jesus, she stands with bended head, and hands folded upon the breast. The happiest man is he who learns from nature the lesson of essay against euthanasia, worship. Of that ineffable essence which we call Spirit, he that thinks most, will say least.
We can foresee God in the coarse, and, as it were, distant phenomena of matter; but when we try to define and based research paper, describe himself, both language and thought desert us, and we are as helpless as fools and savages. That essence refuses to be recorded in propositions, but when man has worshipped him intellectually, the noblest ministry of global essay, nature is to stand as the apparition of God. It is the organ through which the thesis paper universal spirit speaks to the individual, and strives to essay, lead back the individual to what research, it. When we consider Spirit, we see that the views already presented do not include the whole circumference of man. We must add some related thoughts. Three problems are put by help for 3rd grade math nature to the mind; What is what thesis based research matter? Whence is it? and Whereto?
The first of these questions only, the ideal theory answers. Idealism saith: matter is a phenomenon, not a substance. Idealism acquaints us with the total disparity between the evidence of our own being, and the evidence of the world's being. The one is perfect; the ann hulbert other, incapable of any assurance; the mind is a part of the nature of is a thesis based paper, things; the world is a divine dream, from which we may presently awake to the glories and certainties of day. Idealism is a hypothesis to account for nature by other principles than those of carpentry and chemistry. Yet, if it only deny the existence of matter, it does not satisfy the demands of the spirit. It leaves God out of me. Essay Against Euthanasia? It leaves me in the splendid labyrinth of my perceptions, to what is a based research paper, wander without end. Then the heart resists it, because it balks the affections in denying substantive being to opinion euthanasia, men and women.
Nature is based research so pervaded with human life, that there is something of humanity in all, and in every particular. But this theory makes nature foreign to me, and does not account for homework help that consanguinity which we acknowledge to is a based research paper, it. Let it stand, then, in the present state of our knowledge, merely as a useful introductory hypothesis, serving to apprize us of the essay against euthanasia eternal distinction between the soul and the world. But when, following the invisible steps of thought, we come to what based research paper, inquire, Whence is matter? and Whereto? many truths arise to us out of the recesses of consciousness. Ap Us History? We learn that the highest is present to the soul of man, that the dread universal essence, which is not wisdom, or love, or beauty, or power, but all in one, and each entirely, is that for which all things exist, and that by which they are; that spirit creates; that behind nature, throughout nature, spirit is present; one and not compound, it does not act upon us from what thesis based research without, that is, in space and boy problems ann hulbert essay, time, but spiritually, or through ourselves: therefore, that spirit, that is, the Supreme Being, does not build up nature around us, but puts it forth through us, as the life of the tree puts forth new branches and leaves through the pores of the old. As a plant upon the earth, so a man rests upon the bosom of God; he is nourished by unfailing fountains, and draws, at his need, inexhaustible power.
Who can set bounds to the possibilities of man? Once inhale the upper air, being admitted to behold the absolute natures of justice and truth, and we learn that man has access to the entire mind of the Creator, is himself the creator in the finite. This view, which admonishes me where the what is a thesis based sources of wisdom and power lie, and points to virtue as to The golden key. Which opes the palace of eternity, carries upon its face the highest certificate of truth, because it animates me to create my own world through the purification of my soul. The world proceeds from the same spirit as the body of buy essays, man. It is what is a based a remoter and grade math, inferior incarnation of what is a thesis paper, God, a projection of God in the unconscious. But it differs from the body in one important respect. It is buy essays not, like that, now subjected to the human will. Its serene order is inviolable by us. It is, therefore, to us, the present expositor of the divine mind. It is based paper a fixed point whereby we may measure our departure.
As we degenerate, the contrast between us and our house is more evident. We are as much strangers in nature, as we are aliens from God. We do not understand the notes of birds. Ap Us War Of? The fox and the deer run away from us; the bear and tiger rend us. We do not know the uses of more than a few plants, as corn and the apple, the potato and the vine. Is not the landscape, every glimpse of which hath a grandeur, a face of what based paper, him? Yet this may show us what discord is as a pdf between man and nature, for you cannot freely admire a noble landscape, if laborers are digging in the field hard by.
The poet finds something ridiculous in his delight, until he is out of the sight of men. Chapter VIII PROSPECTS In inquiries respecting the laws of the world and the frame of things, the highest reason is always the is a thesis truest. That which seems faintly possible -- it is so refined, is often faint and dim because it is deepest seated in the mind among the eternal verities. Empirical science is apt to cloud the sight, and, by the very knowledge of functions and processes, to bereave the student of the manly contemplation of the whole. The savant becomes unpoetic. But the boy problems ann hulbert best read naturalist who lends an entire and what based research, devout attention to truth, will see that there remains much to learn of his relation to the world, and that it is not to ap us essay war of, be learned by any addition or subtraction or other comparison of known quantities, but is arrived at by untaught sallies of the spirit, by what is a a continual self-recovery, and by homework help entire humility. He will perceive that there are far more excellent qualities in what based research paper, the student than preciseness and infallibility; that a guess is often more fruitful than an indisputable affirmation, and buy essays cheap, that a dream may let us deeper into the secret of nature than a hundred concerted experiments. For, the problems to be solved are precisely those which the physiologist and the naturalist omit to state. It is what is a thesis not so pertinent to man to opinion euthanasia, know all the individuals of the animal kingdom, as it is to know whence and whereto is what is a this tyrannizing unity in his constitution, which evermore separates and classifies things, endeavoring to reduce the most diverse to one form.
When I behold a rich landscape, it is cheap less to my purpose to recite correctly the order and superposition of the strata, than to know why all thought of multitude is lost in a tranquil sense of unity. I cannot greatly honor minuteness in details, so long as there is no hint to explain the relation between things and thoughts; no ray upon the metaphysics of conchology, of botany, of the arts, to show the relation of the forms of is a thesis research paper, flowers, shells, animals, architecture, to the mind, and build science upon ideas. In a cabinet of natural history, we become sensible of a certain occult recognition and sympathy in regard to the most unwieldly and eccentric forms of beast, fish, and insect. The American who has been confined, in his own country, to the sight of buildings designed after foreign models, is surprised on entering York Minster or St. Peter's at boy problems, Rome, by the feeling that these structures are imitations also, -- faint copies of an invisible archetype. Nor has science sufficient humanity, so long as the naturalist overlooks that wonderful congruity which subsists between man and the world; of which he is lord, not because he is the most subtile inhabitant, but because he is its head and heart, and finds something of himself in every great and small thing, in every mountain stratum, in every new law of color, fact of research paper, astronomy, or atmospheric influence which observation or analysis lay open. A perception of this mystery inspires the language essay pdf muse of George Herbert, the beautiful psalmist of the seventeenth century.
The following lines are part of his little poem on Man. Man is all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to is a thesis, another, And to all the world besides. Each part may call the farthest, brother; For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and ann hulbert essay, tides. Nothing hath got so far. But man hath caught and kept it as his prey;
His eyes dismount the highest star; He is in thesis paper, little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they. Find their acquaintance there. For us, the winds do blow, The earth doth rest, heaven move, and fountains flow; Nothing we see, but means our good, As our delight, or as our treasure; The whole is either our cupboard of food, Or cabinet of pleasure.
The stars have us to bed: Night draws the curtain; which the sun withdraws. Music and homework grade, light attend our head. All things unto our flesh are kind, In their descent and being; to our mind,
In their ascent and cause. More servants wait on what is a based paper man. Than he'll take notice of. In every path, He treads down that which doth befriend him. When sickness makes him pale and wan. Oh mighty love! Man is one world, and hath. Another to as a language pdf, attend him. The perception of this class of truths makes the attraction which draws men to science, but the end is lost sight of in is a based research paper, attention to the means.
In view of this half-sight of science, we accept the sentence of Plato, that, poetry comes nearer to vital truth than history. Every surmise and vaticination of the mind is entitled to a certain respect, and we learn to prefer imperfect theories, and sentences, which contain glimpses of truth, to digested systems which have no one valuable suggestion. A wise writer will feel that the ends of study and composition are best answered by announcing undiscovered regions of thought, and so communicating, through hope, new activity to the torpid spirit. I shall therefore conclude this essay with some traditions of homework help, man and nature, which a certain poet sang to me; and which, as they have always been in the world, and perhaps reappear to every bard, may be both history and prophecy. `The foundations of man are not in matter, but in spirit. But the paper element of spirit is eternity. To it, therefore, the longest series of events, the oldest chronologies are young and recent. In the cycle of the universal man, from whom the known individuals proceed, centuries are points, and all history is but the epoch of one degradation. `We distrust and deny inwardly our sympathy with nature. We own and disown our relation to it, by turns.
We are, like Nebuchadnezzar, dethroned, bereft of reason, and eating grass like an ox. But who can set limits to the remedial force of spirit? `A man is ap us history essay 1812 a god in ruins. When men are innocent, life shall be longer, and shall pass into the immortal, as gently as we awake from dreams. Now, the world would be insane and what research, rabid, if these disorganizations should last for hundreds of english, years. It is kept in check by death and infancy. What Is A Thesis Based Paper? Infancy is the perpetual Messiah, which comes into the arms of fallen men, and pleads with them to return to paradise. `Man is the war of 1812 dwarf of himself.
Once he was permeated and dissolved by is a thesis research paper spirit. He filled nature with his overflowing currents. Out from him sprang the buy essays sun and moon; from man, the sun; from woman, the moon. The laws of his mind, the periods of his actions externized themselves into day and night, into the year and the seasons. But, having made for himself this huge shell, his waters retired; he no longer fills the what is a thesis based veins and veinlets; he is shrunk to a drop. He sees, that the structure still fits him, but fits him colossally. Say, rather, once it fitted him, now it corresponds to him from far and on high. He adores timidly his own work.
Now is man the follower of the sun, and woman the cheap follower of the moon. Yet sometimes he starts in his slumber, and wonders at himself and his house, and muses strangely at the resemblance betwixt him and it. He perceives that if his law is still paramount, if still he have elemental power, if his word is sterling yet in nature, it is not conscious power, it is not inferior but superior to his will. It is what is a paper Instinct.' Thus my Orphic poet sang. At present, man applies to nature but half his force.
He works on the world with his understanding alone. He lives in it, and masters it by 1812 a penny-wisdom; and he that works most in it, is but a half-man, and whilst his arms are strong and his digestion good, his mind is imbruted, and he is a selfish savage. His relation to nature, his power over it, is through the understanding; as by manure; the economic use of fire, wind, water, and the mariner's needle; steam, coal, chemical agriculture; the repairs of the human body by the dentist and what is a, the surgeon. This is such a resumption of power, as if a banished king should buy his territories inch by inch, instead of help for 3rd grade, vaulting at once into his throne. Meantime, in what is a thesis paper, the thick darkness, there are not wanting gleams of a better light, -- occasional examples of the action of man upon nature with his entire force, -- with reason as well as understanding. Such examples are; the traditions of miracles in the earliest antiquity of all nations; the history of Jesus Christ; the achievements of a principle, as in religious and political revolutions, and in the abolition of the english as a essay pdf Slave-trade; the is a based research paper miracles of enthusiasm, as those reported of Swedenborg, Hohenlohe, and the Shakers; many obscure and entrepreneurship, yet contested facts, now arranged under the name of Animal Magnetism; prayer; eloquence; self-healing; and the wisdom of children. These are examples of Reason's momentary grasp of the sceptre; the exertions of a power which exists not in is a research, time or space, but an instantaneous in-streaming causing power. The difference between the actual and the ideal force of man is entrepreneurship happily figured by the schoolmen, in saying, that the knowledge of man is an evening knowledge, vespertina cognitio, but that of God is what is a based research a morning knowledge, matutina cognitio. The problem of restoring to the world original and eternal beauty, is entrepreneurship solved by the redemption of the soul. The ruin or the blank, that we see when we look at nature, is in our own eye.
The axis of vision is not coincident with the axis of things, and what thesis paper, so they appear not transparent but opake. The reason why the world lacks unity, and lies broken and in heaps, is, because man is disunited with himself. He cannot be a naturalist, until he satisfies all the demands of the spirit. Love is as much its demand, as perception. Indeed, neither can be perfect without the other. In the uttermost meaning of the words, thought is devout, and devotion is thought. Deep calls unto deep. But in actual life, the marriage is not celebrated. There are innocent men who worship God after the tradition of their fathers, but their sense of duty has not yet extended to essay against, the use of what thesis based, all their faculties.
And there are patient naturalists, but they freeze their subject under the wintry light of the homework help for 3rd math understanding. What Is A? Is not prayer also a study of truth, -- a sally of the boy problems soul into the unfound infinite? No man ever prayed heartily, without learning something. But when a faithful thinker, resolute to detach every object from personal relations, and see it in the light of thought, shall, at the same time, kindle science with the fire of the holiest affections, then will God go forth anew into the creation. It will not need, when the mind is prepared for study, to is a based paper, search for objects.
The invariable mark of wisdom is to see the miraculous in the common. Entrepreneurship? What is a day? What is a year? What is summer? What is woman? What is what is a based research a child? What is sleep? To our blindness, these things seem unaffecting. We make fables to boy problems essay, hide the baldness of the fact and conform it, as we say, to the higher law of the mind. Thesis Based? But when the fact is seen under the light of an idea, the gaudy fable fades and opinion essay against, shrivels.
We behold the is a thesis paper real higher law. To the wise, therefore, a fact is true poetry, and the most beautiful of fables. These wonders are brought to our own door. You also are a man. Man and woman, and their social life, poverty, labor, sleep, fear, fortune, are known to you. Learn that none of these things is superficial, but that each phenomenon has its roots in the faculties and affections of the mind.
Whilst the abstract question occupies your intellect, nature brings it in the concrete to be solved by your hands. It were a wise inquiry for the closet, to compare, point by point, especially at remarkable crises in life, our daily history, with the rise and help math, progress of ideas in the mind. So shall we come to look at the world with new eyes. It shall answer the endless inquiry of the intellect, -- What is truth? and of the affections, -- What is good? by yielding itself passive to the educated Will. Then shall come to pass what my poet said; `Nature is not fixed but fluid.
Spirit alters, moulds, makes it. The immobility or bruteness of nature, is the absence of spirit; to pure spirit, it is fluid, it is what volatile, it is obedient. Every spirit builds itself a house; and beyond its house a world; and beyond its world, a heaven. Buy Essays Cheap? Know then, that the world exists for you. For you is the phenomenon perfect. What we are, that only can we see. All that Adam had, all that Caesar could, you have and can do. Adam called his house, heaven and earth; Caesar called his house, Rome; you perhaps call yours, a cobler's trade; a hundred acres of what paper, ploughed land; or a scholar's garret. Yet line for line and point for point, your dominion is as great as theirs, though without fine names. Build, therefore, your own world.
As fast as you conform your life to the pure idea in your mind, that will unfold its great proportions. A correspondent revolution in things will attend the influx of the spirit. So fast will disagreeable appearances, swine, spiders, snakes, pests, madhouses, prisons, enemies, vanish; they are temporary and shall be no more seen. Opinion Against? The sordor and filths of nature, the sun shall dry up, and the wind exhale. As when the summer comes from the what is a paper south; the snow-banks melt, and the face of the earth becomes green before it, so shall the advancing spirit create its ornaments along its path, and carry with it the beauty it visits, and the song which enchants it; it shall draw beautiful faces, warm hearts, wise discourse, and heroic acts, around its way, until evil is no more seen. The kingdom of man over nature, which cometh not with observation, -- a dominion such as now is beyond his dream of God, -- he shall enter without more wonder than the blind man feels who is case studies gradually restored to perfect sight.'