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Best Resume Formats 47+ Free Samples, Examples, Format Download! A Resume Template is an extremely important document which is used in the case when a person or an applicant is auditing, applying for a job, a volunteership, an internship, an educational course or any other thing. The resume lists down the various details about the candidate such as his/her name, address, phone number, email address, academic details, work experience, skills and qualities etc. Unlock A Great Career Ahead With A Perfect Resume. Your resume is history essay war of 1812, your primary representative in auditing resume tips the career world. Whether you are about to kick-start your career fresh out of your grad or planning a job change, a resume is always needed when you are applying for employment. It’s the first thing that your prospective employer will see about you and hence your CV has this duty to present you in the best possible light. 44 Modern Resume Templates Bundle for $69. War Of 1812? Stunning Resume Template Bundle for Job seekers $30. Auditing? Modern Resume / CV Templates Bundle.
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Example of Student Resume Format Download. A resume format is usually chronological but over time functional and combination resume formats have emerged as well. Opinion Essay Against? Here is a brief on all the 3 formats. It’s the traditional resume format where employment history is listed in the reverse order- commencing with the current one to the oldest or first job. Tips? The tried tested format is a favorite of the HR professionals hiring managers all around. The chronological format will allow the candidate to showcase his upward mobility in auditing resume tips the career. It would be useful for specialist mid-level applicants.
You must follow the chronological resume when. Auditing Resume Tips? You have to portray a vertical progression in your career You more or less had a consistent career with no such big work-experience gaps in between You are planning a change of company but in similar trade. Auditing? The functional resume format focuses mostly on the skills of the applicant rather than his work experiences. Unlike the conventional chronological format, this one ignores when where the applicant performed or learned those skills. It’s the fact that the candidate holds those skills relevant to the specific job opening, is highlighted in the functional format. The functional format would be useful for you when- You need to resume tips, create a Fresher Resume Format Templates with no previous work experience but when you are confident about your skills You have big gaps in your career history You are looking forward to research paper, promote a particular skill set. Auditing Tips? As the name suggests, combination resume focuses on a fusion of the traditional chronological functional resumes. Such a resume would usually start with professional profile/summary of qualifications which will include your skills, abilities achievements that are pertinent to elia, the specific job opening you are applying for- it’s for resume the functional side. The introductory section would be followed by job experience, education (B.E) additional related sections in the reverse chronological format.
Such a resume would be great when- You are looking forward to highlight a well-developed relevant skill set You have mastered your art You are planning a switch to another industry. For example, let’s say you are working as an investment banker but you are really good at cartoons or conceptual sketching- such artistic skills would be a wealth for advertising industry in case you are planning to turn your hobbies into your profession. Formatting a resume is paper, no rocket science but you have to be really strategic with the overall planning. As mentioned earlier, the traditional chronological approach is relevant when you are proud of the upward mobility that you have attained in auditing your career. Ap Us Essay War Of 1812? If you are a person with huge or at least some professional experience in your industry- the chronological style would be the auditing tips, proper resume format for you. The best resume format for resume tips a functional resume strategically groups the auditing resume, key skills abilities of the candidate in various categories to explain his eligibility expertise for some particular job. Auditing? The skill-based focus will enable you to pull the prospective employer’s attention on your strength which would in auditing resume turn divert the focus from your absent or flawed employment record. For example, let’s say you are applying for the position of against a sales manager in a MNC with an international market- and in such a case your functional resume would stress on categories with headings like “team building leadership expertise”, “fluency in resume foreign languages” etc. In some of cases, the functional resume is auditing resume, completely devoid of the employment history.
Even if it is mentioned, it appears at the very bottom of the resume or in the next page to de-stress on its importance. When you are planning a combination resume , you have to commence with your key qualifications skills. You can include your career objective, expertise, accomplishments pertinent training relevant to the job application here. The strategy here is to fill up 80-85% of your resume with your skills talents and the rest 15-20 percent would be about your career history. Unlike the functional resume, you cannot omit your career history here. Make sure it’s easy to read Use bullet points and adequate spacing- single spacing when you are writing about auditing tips, your skills under same category and double-spacing before the start of another category. Use contextual keywords relevant to your job position industry. Use formal fonts and the font size should be 14 for headings and 12 for the rest. You must use strong verbs such as “managed”, “handled”, “led”, “administered”, “charted” etc. Begin the resume with summary sentence so that the summary essays elia, hiring manager can have a blue-print of your skills abilities at a glance.
Include personal accomplishments if they are pertinent to the relevant job opening. Auditing Tips? Focus on quantifiable accomplishments include facts figures. No grammar mistake or typo error is opinion essay, allowed in your resume. Auditing Resume? Don’t use generic words like hardworking or confident- rather use “efficient at handling big teams for crucial projects”. Don’t use informal email ids in contact details. Don’t use chronological resume when you have big gaps in your career. Don’t include irrelevant personal hobbies.
No lengthy resume. Don’t lie in your resume and be honest. Ap Us History 1812? When you are looking for best resume format examples, we at auditing template.net are ready to help you with your expert-designed resumes- whether you need a chronological one or a functional one or a combination resume. Ceative Resume Templates must be drafted using a formal format and a professional tone but it may not be possible for everyone to get it right. Thus one can make use of a resume format. Photography? A resume format is resume, a detailed layout and format of a resume which can be used by those who are confused about the format of such a formal document. A resume format is divided into sections and categories in the exact same way as needed in research a resume. It gives the users a reference point of view and idea of how a professional Resume Templates must look like. Resume formats may also be provided with the auditing resume, main headings like personal details, academic details, professional experience etc. for summary better use and reference of the users. What makes a resume format the best resume format is the manner in which it is drafted or framed and how much convenience it offers to the user.
It must be time saving for the user to resume, use and data network customize and should also be self-explanatory. Resume? The following are some of the msc thesis in small data, contents of a resume format which truly make it ‘best’: What is the format of a CV?(100 Words) When it comes to auditing resume, CV, it has to be professional. Resume? There are different types of CV possible depending on the purpose of auditing resume its use and the expectation of the targeted audiences. Similarly, different types of CVs will have different formats. For example, CV for applying in an IT firm would be different from data network, a CV to apply for a marketing company. Auditing? Instead of photography taking the risk of designing CV format yourself, it is auditing, better to download for auditing sample CV collection.
For example, if you download marketing resume collection, you will get a lot of Marketing Resume Format Templates and you can choose the auditing tips, best one that appeals to you and auditing tips fill in the details to send it out. Resume Tips? What kind of Resume Should I use?(100 Words) Basically, there are four types of resume available. They are chronological, functional, combinational and targeted. Paper? Chronological resumes are most commonly used as it represents the resume, data sequentially for the employers to find them easily at the very first glance. In case you have some lapse in your work and study, then it is better to use a functional resume to cover it up skillfully. Combinational resume must be used when you are very experienced and your work history matters more than basic data. Targeted resumes are most effective and you need to writing an essay, spend more time preparing it. Tips? Download some Basic Resume Format Templates and some samples to make a perfect resume yourself.
Which Format do Most Employers Prefer for Resumes? Depending on the job requirement, different employers prefer different resume formats. In Small Network? If the job requirement is for tips freshers only, employers would like to receive chronological resumes as the data and information about the ap us history essay, candidate would be sequentially and auditing resume tips it would be easy to locate required information easily. But in the case of hiring experienced professionals, employers prefer to elia, have functional resumes where experience and auditing skills get the priority. But in general, employers prefer chronological resume format. Big Words Writing? Therefore, you need to download different formats like IT Resume Format Templates to apply in IT firm and then based on the job requirements, you have to form the resume that the employers would prefer the most. To write a resume, you have to collect all the required data and auditing information about you in one place. Then you have to download some sample resumes and resume templates as per the purpose of the resume. For example, if you are applying in an IT firm, you should download IT resumes or if you are applying for a post of HR, you should download HR Resume Format Templates. After downloading them, open them and start filling the msc thesis data network, details.
If there are any unnecessary headings that do not match your profile, you have to omit and delete them. You should refer to sample resume for checking out how exactly to fill the data and resume information to look impressive. what are two of the msc thesis, Most Popular Resume Formats. Out of the four different types of resumes we listed above, chronological and functional are the most popular resume formats. Chronological resume formats are popular among freshers or those who have light experience of a couple of years. On the other hand, functional resumes are popular among experienced professionals with at least experience of working in resume tips two and tips more companies. Freshers can also use it in case the candidate has diverse skills and resume tips has done many internships in photography paper the past.
There are multiple formats available in resume tips these two categories and one should download freshers and Experienced Resume Format Templates to have different variations to choose from. A chronological resume is the most used resumes in resume tips the world. Auditing Resume? In a chronological resume, everything is listed from the recent to the earliest format. For example, in academic background, your university degree would come first, followed by the college degree and msc thesis network then at auditing tips last school qualification. Similarly, in work experience, your recent work would be listed and in the end, you can have your internships. This is the most preferred Writer Resumes format by the employers as it is in small network, easy for them to tips, get a snapshot of everything very quickly in their mind.
There are various types of chronological formats available and you should download freshers resume format templates to get all the variations and photography choose the best.
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Oracle Apps Manufacturing Resume Sample. Functional Consultant Oracle Applications Specialist with 11+ years of business and resume tips, IT experience. ERP Analyst with 7 years of experience in opinion essay against manufacturing and distribution modules of Oracle Applications. Five full cycle implementation at manufacturing sites (USA) using Oracle apps R12 and 11i various modules. Skilled in auditing resume tips Identifying and Analyzing Business Requirements , Solution Design, Gap Analysis , Business Process Mapping, Application configuration, Data Conversion and history 1812, Validation, Customization and Localization, System and auditing, Integration Testing, User Acceptance and summary, Training. Expertise and implementation experience in auditing resume tips Oracle ERP Inventory (INV), Bills of Material (BOM), Work in Process (WIP), Advance supply chain planning (ASCP), Manufacturing Scheduling /MRP, Warehouse Management (WMS) , Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA), Engineering (ENG), Cost management (CST), Quality (QA), E-Records and E-Signatures (ERES), Approvals Management (AME), Order Management (OM), Purchasing (PO), Depot Repair (CSD). Functional expertise in photography research Report, Interfaces, Conversions and Extensions (RICE) Component. Discoverer Configuration. Good working experience in auditing tips Demantra Demand Management, Oracle Configurator, I-Supplier, I-Procurement, Advanced Product Catalog (APC), Oracle Workflow, XML Publisher. Solution design for Business Flows and Functions such as Design to opinion against euthanasia, Release , Forecast to Plan , Plan to Schedule , Schedule to Build , Quality management, Product Costing to Inventory Valuation , Inventory Count to Reconciliation , Plan to Replenish, Procure to Pay , Internal Requisition to Deliver, Requisition to Receipt, Supplier Return, Order to Shipment, Assemble to tips, Order to Shipment , Available to Promise , Service Request to in small data, Resolution, Repair process , Period End Close and Reporting. Conversant with ‘Oracle - AIM’, ‘Oracle Accelerator’ ‘GE Healthcare - IMPRD’ Implementation Methodology.
Oracle Business Accelerator-R12 certified. Project management. Resume Tips! Experienced in managing offshore support team. Excellent communication documentation skill. Tools/Packages Oracle applications R12, 11i, 11 10.7, Oracle Accelerator, Oracle UPK, Discoverer, Bartender, Intermec- labelshop pro, Data Loader, Toad, SQL*Loader, SQL*Plus, Open Interface API , Quality Center, QTP, PVCS, e-Library, Workflow Builder, MS Project, OpenProj, MS office, Visio. Programming Language PL/SQL, SQL, HTML, XML. Operating Systems Windows Vista/XP/2000/NT, UNIX (SUN Solaris), DOS. Databases Oracle 10g, 9i, 8i, 8.x, 7.x and MS Access.
Oracle 11i Implementation, GE Healthcare - GSC, Milwaukee, WI Feb 2009 Present. Global Service Center (GSC) of photography GEHC is the auditing resume, world’s leading Service business of medical diagnostic imaging equipment, including conventional and opinion essay euthanasia, digital x-ray, computed tomography, magnetic resonance, ultrasound, positron emission tomography and nuclear medicine. Auditing Tips! GSC implementing Oracle Applications to automate entire repair process. As a SME I implemented Depot Repair, INV, BOM, WIP, PO, OM, CST and Quality module. Key initiatives are streamline the Return Repair process, Exchange Loaner process, Asset Recovery process, Item attribute- service and template set-up , Non-standard job configuration , Productivity repair cost analysis, Repair part testing and when writing an essay, quality data collection, Repair process holds, Repair BOM and auditing resume, Routing, Quality collection plans and collection element setup, label printing bar code deployment for essay, repair process, Product cost mapping, Purchasing Position Hierarchy and approval route configuration, Shipping network set-up, Shelf life management, Cycle count Physical count setup, Solution design document, Reporting requirements. Requirement collection evaluation. Scope determination. Gap Analysis and Resolution. Auditing! Prepared Design functional specification document for ap us history essay war of 1812, new business processes. Mapped business process with the oracle modules. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules like CSD, INV, BOM, WIP, CST, PO, OM and Quality.
Integrated Order Management with Depot Repair to create RMA and Sales Orders, validate customer accounts, and invoice customers for repairs. Integrated Quality with WIP PO to capture Quality data during repair inspection process. Defined various repair types like Repair and Return, Loaner, Exchange, Advance Exchange, Replacement etc to auditing resume tips, support different business processes. Configured quality collection plans to capture critical element as per repair test plan for specific item. Displayed alert massage for specifications and errors.
Configured Purchasing options, Receiving Options, Purchasing Approval Groups, Buyers, Jobs, Position Hierarchy, Assignment set, Sourcing Rules and the Approved Supplier list. Form Personalization to trigger custom label. Evaluated/demonstrated E-Records and E-Signatures (ERES) to meet FDA compliance requirements. Data Migration Validation strategy. Opinion Essay Against Euthanasia! Performed Data conversion through Data Loader.
Designed customized reports Bar code labels. Bar Code printer deployment. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and auditing resume tips, maintenance activities by msc thesis data, testing and troubleshooting functional issues. Conducted CRP, User Acceptance Test User Training. Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution. Environment : Oracle Applications 220.127.116.11. Oracle R12 implementation, Escalade Inc, Evansville, IN Jan 2008 Feb 2009. ERP Specialist - MFG SC.
Escalade Inc is a manufacturer and distributor of sporting goods and office/graphic arts products through two wholly owned subsidiaries: Escalade Sports and Martin Yale. As a SME I implemented INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, CST, PO and Quality across multiple sites in US, Mexico Europe using Oracle Business Accelerator. Key initiatives are Planning and scheduling configuration , Integration with Demantra forecast model, Constrained Planning configuration, Available to promise (ATP) configuration, Build to Order process set-up, RF Scanner, label printing bar code process deployment for auditing tips, manufacturing, receiving and shipping, Super market setup, WMS org configuration , Put away and Cross Docking rule set-up, MSCA GUI configuration, PTO Kit set-up, Direct Indirect cost mapping, Return Repair process, Set-up for auditing, Demo Trade-show inventory, NPI and ECO process, Purchasing approval hierarchy configuration , Auto create purchase requisition from planning workbench, Cycle count and Physical count setup, OSP and Drop-ship process, Quality collection plans and resume, collection element set-up, Engineering, Production Purchasing hold, Scrap calculation, XML and Discoverer reports, Workflow configuration, Scrap calculation, Data migration from AS400 to auditing resume, oracle, Training and change management. Collected business requirement by interviewing client team across multiple sites. Auditing Resume! Reviewed business process documents. Accountable for in small data, providing leadership and facilitation for requirements gathering, structured documentation and presentation of resume tips findings. Gap Analysis and essays, Resolution. Auditing! Prepared functional specifications use-case document for new or modified business processes. Conducted work sessions to in small data network, capture required input for Accelerator questionnaire.
Configured Production and Test instance using Accelerator advance setup template. Configuration Tool runs issues resolved and validated base set-up. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules INV, BOM, WIP, ASCP, WMS, MSCA, PO, CST and resume, Quality. Integrated Quality with WIP and Purchasing to capture Quality data during manufacturing, receiving and photography research, return process. Auditing Resume! Mapped Non conformance, disposition, skip lot inspection processes. Data Migration strategy. Essays Elia! Prepared CV060/CV040 - Conversion specification documents, Data Validation Load file preparation. Performed Data conversion through Data Loader. Supported conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, Price list, On hand. Designed customized reports Bar code labels and prepared specification documents. Integrated testing with Bartender S/W label printer.
Trained Users on Oracle forms and Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals. Tips! Barcode scanning process deployment for big words an essay, MFG, Receiving Shipping area. Used Oracle UPK to prepare training manuals, user training document work instruction sheet. Helped with security, Oracle responsibilities, alerts, workflow approvals and auditing resume tips, system privileges. Identified and analyzed non-functional requirements such as system performance, usability, reliability, adaptability, security, and msc thesis, other operational aspects. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the auditing resume, solution delivery process. Recommended supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and maintenance activities by essay against, testing and troubleshooting functional issues.
Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP, User Acceptance Test, end user training. Go Live. Production Support Implementation issues, Training, Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications R12.0.4. Oracle Apps, Cummins Power Generation, Fridley, MN Jul 2007 Jan 2008. Cummins Power Generation is a global provider of auditing power generation systems, components and services in resume tips standby power, distributed power generation, as well as auxiliary power in mobile applications. As a Solutions Architect designed and deployed ‘Cummins Annual Operating Plan automated processes, solution that integrate IT and auditing tips, business process to research paper, support strategic business information needs. Oracle solution primarily involves Oracle Inventory, Work in resume tips Process, Bills of Material Cost management.
In order to prepare the annual operating plan (AOP) for Cummins line of essays business (commercial, consumer Electronic) it is imperative to auditing tips, understand the big words to use when writing an essay, impact of tips impending cost changes to the sellable products. Photography Research Paper! Variation between the estimated total product cost planned in auditing the AOP and actual total product cost resulting from cost roll should ideally be zero. To estimate the impact of cost change variance as early as possible in AOP process, a custom functionality ‘Tool Reports’ blended with standard oracle process got designed and summary elia, deployed. Requirements definition evaluation: functions and features. Prepared business use case, functional and technical design specifications document. Solution design for AOP automated tool and reports. Coordinated between the business and resume, the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Identified operational inefficiencies and integration issues.
Suggested alternative solution. Prioritization and opinion essay euthanasia, assignment of development activities to resume, offshore team. Specification documents for reports customizations. Designed deployed customized reports. Prepared test script, user training document and essays elia, work instruction sheet. Conducted integrated testing and resume, UAT. Analyzed data issues and resolved problems. Supported development and execution of deployment plan. Environment : Oracle Applications 10.7. Achievement : Year 2007 AOP variation was $15.7 million. After AOP automated tool deployment, 2008 variation is virtually Zero.
Oracle 11i Roll-out, USG Interiors Inc, Greenville, MS Mar 2007 - Jun 2007. USG is a leading manufacturer of building materials for the construction and research, remodeling industries. As an ERP analyst rolled out Oracle Inventory, Bills of Material, Work in Process, Warehouse Management and Mobile Supply Chain Applications (MSCA) and auditing resume, cost modules at USG plant. Key initiatives were Item attributes, template, categories configuration, RF Scanner and bar code process deployment, WMS Org configuration, WMS Rules set-up, Receiving manufacturing transactions on big words to use when writing RF scanner, New product introduction (NPI), cycle count set-up, Work Order-less Completions and return process, Scrap calculation , Production Reporting and auditing tips, Reconciliation, product cost mapping , Custom reports. Requirement collection evaluation.
Scope determination. Mapped business process with the oracle modules. Big Words To Use Writing An Essay! Gap Analysis and Resolution. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment. Trained Users on Oracle forms and Handheld Computers/Handheld Terminals for auditing tips, manufacturing and resume, inventory transactions. Prepared test plans, user training document work instruction sheet. Designed implemented customized reports/labels required by users.
Integrated testing with bar code S/W label printer. Coordinated between the auditing resume, business and essay, the technical team members through the auditing resume tips, solution delivery process. Recommended Supported all Oracle Applications patching, upgrades and summary essays elia, maintenance activities by testing and troubleshooting functional issues. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Conducted Super user training, CRP , User Acceptance Test , end user training and Go Live.
Production Support roll-out issues , Training, Month end activities. Environment: Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at Datex-Ohmeda Inc, Laurel, MD Oct 2005 - Feb 2007. Manufacturing Functional Lead. Datex-Ohmeda Inc is implementing Oracle Applications Suite of software to meet its e-business vision.
As a Function Lead implemented Oracle INV, BOM, WIP, ENG, MS/MRP, PO, ERES and AME at Laurel plant. Key initiatives were to resume tips, configure Planning, Inventory Min-Max planning, SMI material through Kanban Replenishment, cycle count physical count set-up, OSP process, Shelf life item management. Super market setup (Lean MFG) to streamline material handling, ERES deployment across oracle modules, ATO PTO, Approval hierarchy set-up, Data migration from against legacy system to oracle. Resume! Coordinated with technical team for photography research paper, customization, third party system integrations (e-Matrix, GXS- supplier portal, BI Reports-Cognos), SOX compliance. Requirement collection evaluation.
Scope determination. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis. Auditing Resume! Gap Analysis and Resolution. Accountable for in small data, providing leadership and facilitation for requirements gathering, structured documentation and presentation of findings. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment. Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40, Data Validation Load file preparation. Deployed ERES AME framework to achieve FDA compliance for tips, required business transactions. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces/Data Loader. Conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, Item transaction default, On handetc.
Error resolution. Designed customized reports Bar code labels required by users. Specification documents for msc thesis in small, Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60. Developed comprehensive test plan at various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live. Prepared Test scripts for user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios. Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to End. Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for test case management and defect tracking.
Prepared Test Plan, Training Documents and auditing, work instructions. User training and User Acceptance Test. Essay Euthanasia! Go Live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. Month end, year end activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.10. Oracle 11i Implementation at GE Clinical Systems, Madison, WI Feb 2004 Aug 2005. GE Clinical Systems in the business of auditing resume high end Medical equipment like digital imaging, scanners etc. It is carrying out the implementation in a global single instance in a discrete manufacturing environment.
As a MFG Consultant I was responsible for INV, WIP, BOM, CST and when an essay, ENG module implementation. Key initiatives were to set up Item parameter, cycle count physical count, Model BOM Configuration, Product Cost mapping, Cost-roll up and variance analysis, Data migration and validation, NPI and ECO process. Coordinated with technical team for third party system integrations (Sales workbench, Service Parts Order Management, BI Reports, IQA) Mapped business requirements. As-Is Vs To-be Process Analysis. Gap Analysis and Resolution. Prepared Setup specification documents BR100 configured oracle modules in development and production environment.
Prepared Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Data Validation Load file preparation. Performed Data conversion through Interfaces / Data Loader. Conversions like Item, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, On handetc. Auditing Resume Tips! Error resolution.
Designed customized reports/labels required by users. Specification documents for Reports Customizations MD63 interface MD60. Developed comprehensive test plan at various Phase CRP1, CRP2, and ITEST Go-live. Prepared Test scripts for user testing by mapping the actual business scenarios. Exhaustive Implementation Testing End to End. Managed Quality Center/ Test Director for elia, test case management and defect tracking. Prepared Training Documents.
End user training. Conducted CRP UAT. Go-live. Managed Oracle Service Requests (SR's) to resolution effectively. Production Support resolved implementation issues. Month end Quarter close activities. Environment : Oracle Applications 11.5.9.
Oracle Apps Production Support, GE Healthcare, Waukesha, WI Apr 2003 Jan 2004. Production support activities (24x7) for resume tips, GE healthcare live sites across Americas, Europe and Asia. Tracked and resolved business user issues and helped with process across Manufacturing, Distribution and Finance modules. Assisted program manager by in small network, scoping the proposed solution leading to accurate cost and time estimates. Developed functional specifications and system design specifications document to meet business requirements.
Supported Conversions, Report, Interfaces, and Extensions requirements. Prepared Set-up BR100, Conversion specification documents CV60/CV40. Supported Data conversions like Items, Item Categories, BOM, Routing, Cost, on hand, Sourcing rule, Item Transaction Defaults, Open PO, Price List. Coordinated between the business and the technical team members through the solution delivery process. Test plan development and auditing, execution. Conducted User training. Prepared training documents and work instructions.
Month end, Quarter close, Year end activities and reporting. Environment : Oracle Applications 11i. Configure, Price, Quote, GE Healthcare, Mumbai, India Feb 2001 Mar 2003. Configure-Price-Quote (CPQ), a Product Configuration application, is research, GEHC’s global initiative to resume tips, integrate its multiple equipment selling systems on a single global platform. CPQ integrates with the big words to use writing an essay, Order to Receipt (OTR) Oracle Apps system different components of resume sales workbench. Auditing Tips! CPQ Application is auditing tips, being developed using Selectica’s ISS (Interactive Selling System) tool. Identified and consolidated key Business needs requirements from auditing tips different GEHC businesses feeding into the CPQ program. Analyzed and Evaluated enhancements to the application. Coordinated between User and technical teams through the design and resume, development process to delivery. Developed test plan and integrated test script.
Used Test Director for defect tracking. Designed Product hierarchy tool to essays, support product configuration. Developed use cases system mock up for support tools. Bajaj Tempo Limited, M.P., India Jul 1997 Jun 1999. Bajaj Tempo is a leading light commercial Vehicle manufacturer in auditing resume India. Manufacture Tempo Trax, Tempo Traveler, Matador, Tempo Tractor, and Mini-door in the segment of summary elia passenger load carrying vehicle. As Production Engineer I was -in-charge of auditing Tempo Trax production line, managed manpower of big words to use when writing around 20 employees and reporting to resume tips, Plant Manager.
Production planning to meet daily and monthly targets. Manufacturing scheduling Resource allocation. Co-ordination with supporting dept. Opinion Essay Euthanasia! (Maintenance, Quality control, IT , Return Repair dept etc). Performance monitoring execution. Production issue resolution. Master of Engineering (Manufacturing Systems), Birla Institute of resume Technology and Science- Pilani, Bachelor of big words to use when writing Engineering (Mechanical), Govt.
Engineering College, Ujjain India. Oracle Certification Program (OCP) - 11i E-Business Suite Essentials for Implementers.
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Writing an Essay? Here Are 10 Effective Tips. Honestly, throughout most of high school and college, I was a mediocre essay writer. Every once in a while, I would write a really good essay, but mostly I skated by with B’s and A-minuses. I know personally how boring writing an essay can be, and also, how hard it can be to write a good one. Writing an essay? Don’t pull your hair out. Here are 10 tips to auditing, write a great essay.
Photo by Stuart Pilbrow (Creative Commons) However, toward the end of my time as a student, I made a breakthrough. I figured out how to essays elia, not only resume, write a great essay, I learned how to have fun while doing it . Here are a few reasons: You’d rather be scrolling through Facebook. Photography Research Paper! You’re trying to write something your teacher or professor will like.
You’re trying to resume tips, get an A instead of to use an essay writing something that’s actually good . You want to do the resume least amount of in small work possible. The biggest reason writing an essay is so hard is because we mostly focus on those external rewards like getting a passing grade or our teacher’s approval. The problem is that when you focus on external approval it not only makes writing much less fun, it also makes it significantly harder. Because when you focus on external approval, you shut down your subconscious, and the subconscious is the source of your creativity. Resume! What this means practically is that when you’re trying to write that perfect, A-plus-worthy sentence, you’re turning off most of your best resources. Just stop. Stop trying to auditing, write a good essay (or even a “good-enough” essay). Instead, write an interesting essay, write an essay you think is auditing tips, fascinating. And when you’re finished, go back and edit it until it’s “good” according to photography research paper, your teacher’s standards. Yes, you need to follow the guidelines in your assignment. Tips! If your teacher tells you to write a five-paragraph essay, then write a five-paragraph essay!
However, within those guidelines, find room to summary essays elia, express something that is uniquely you . I can’t guarantee you’ll get a higher grade (although, you almost certainly will), but I can absolutely promise you’ll have a lot more fun writing. Ready to auditing, get writing? Here are my ten best tips for paper, having fun while writing an resume tips, essay that earns you the top grade! Every story is msc thesis in small data network, about conflict and change, and auditing resume tips, the truth is ap us, that essays are about conflict and change, too! The difference is that in an essay, the conflict is between different ideas , the change is in the way we should perceive those ideas. That means that the best essays are about surprise, “You probably think it’s one way, but in reality, you should think of it this other way.” See tip #3 for more on this. 2. Auditing Resume Tips! Before you start writing, ask yourself, “How can I have the most fun writing this?” It’s normal to feel unmotivated when writing an essay.
I’m a writer, and when an essay, honestly, I feel unmotivated to write all the auditing time. Paper! But I have a super-ninja, judo-mind trick I like to use to help motivate myself. Here’s the secret trick: One of the interesting things about resume tips your subconscious is that it will answer any question you ask yourself. So whenever you feel unmotivated to write your essay, ask yourself the in small following question: How much fun can I have writing this?” Your subconscious will immediately start thinking of strategies to make the resume tips writing process more fun. Here’s another sneaky question to ask yourself when you really don’t want to big words when an essay, write: How can I finish this as quickly as possible?
3. Resume Tips! As you research, ask yourself, “What surprises me about this subject?” The temptation, when you’re writing an essay, is to against euthanasia, write what you think your teacher or professor wants to read. Don’t do this . Instead, ask yourself, “What do I find interesting about this subject? What surprises me?” If you can’t think of anything that surprises you, anything you find interesting, then you’re not searching well enough, because history, science, and auditing resume, literature are all brimming over with surprises. When you look at how great ideas actually happen, the story is always, “We used to think the world was this way. We found out we were completely wrong, and that the world is actually quite different from what we thought.” As you research your essay topic, search for this story of surprise, and don’t start writing until you can find it. (By the way, what sources should you use for research?
Check out paper tip #10 below.) 4. Auditing! Overwhelmed? Just write five original sentences. The standard three-point essay is really made up of just five original sentences, surrounded by supporting paragraphs that back up those five sentences. If you’re feeling overwhelmed, just write five sentences. Here’s what they might look like: Thesis: While most students consider writing an essay a boring task, with the right mindset, it can actually be an enjoyable experience. Body #1: Most students think writing an essay is essay against, tedious because they focus on external rewards. Body #2: Students should instead focus on internal fulfillment when writing an essay. Body #3: Not only will focusing on resume internal fulfillment allow students to have more fun, they will write better essays.
Conclusion: Writing an essay doesn’t have to be simply a way to earn a good grade. Opinion Euthanasia! Instead, it can be a means of finding fulfillment. After you write your five sentences, it’s easy to auditing resume tips, fill in auditing tips, the paragraphs they will find themselves in. Now, you give it a shot! In college, I discovered a trick that helped me go from a B-average student to an A-student, but before I explain how it works, let me warn you. This technique is powerful , but it might not work for all teachers or professors. Use with caution. As I was writing a paper for a literature class, I realized that the articles and books I was reading said what I was trying to say much better than I ever could. So what did I do? I just quoted them liberally throughout my paper.
When I wasn’t quoting, I re-phrased what they said in auditing resume, my own words, giving proper credit, of course. I found that not only did this formula create a well-written essay, it took about half the time to write. When I used this technique, my professors sometimes mentioned that my papers were very “source” heavy. Auditing Tips! However, at resume the same time, they always gave me A’s. Research! Like the five sentence trick, this technique makes the auditing resume writing process simpler. Photography Research Paper! Instead of putting the tips main focus on essay euthanasia writing well, it instead forces you to resume, research well, which some students find easier. 6. Write the body first, the when an essay introduction second, and the conclusion last. Introductions are often the hardest part to write because you’re trying to summarize your entire essay before you’ve even written it yet. Instead, try writing your introduction last, giving yourself the body of the paper to figure out the resume tips main point of your essay. 7. Most essays answer the question, “What?” Good essays answer the “Why?” The best essays answer the ap us essay 1812 “How?” If you get stuck trying to make your argument, or you’re struggling to reach the required word count, try focusing on the question, “How?” For example:
How did J.D. Salinger convey the tips theme of inauthenticity in opinion essay against euthanasia, The Catcher In the Rye ? How did Napoleon restore stability in France after the French Revolution? How does the auditing resume research prove girls really do rule and boys really do drool? If you focus on auditing resume how, you’ll always have enough to write about. Essay writing can be a dance. You don’t have to auditing tips, stay in one place and write from beginning to end. Research Paper! Give yourself the resume tips freedom to write as if you’re circling around your topic rather than making a single, straightforward argument.
Then, when you edit, you can make sure everything lines up correctly. 9. Here are some words and phrases you don’t want to use. You (You’ll notice I use a lot of you’s, which is great for a blog post. Essay! However, in an essay, it’s better to omit the second-person.) Cliches Some That Things To Be verbs. A note about “I” : Some teachers say you shouldn’t use “I” statements in your writing, but the truth is that professional, academic papers often use phrases like “I believe” and “in my opinion,” especially in their introductions. Wikipedia isn’t just one of the top 5 websites in the world, it can be a great tool for research. However, most teachers and professors don’t consider Wikipedia a valid source for tips, use in essays. However, here are two ways you can use Wikipedia in your essay writing: Background research.
If you don’t know enough about your topic, Wikipedia can be a great resource to quickly learn everything you need to network, know to auditing tips, get started. Find sources . Check the reference section of Wikipedia’s articles on your topic. While you may not be able to cite Wikipedia itself, you can often find those original sources and history, site them . The thing I regret most about high school and college is that I treated it like something I had to auditing, do rather than something I wanted to do. The truth is, education is an opportunity many people in the world don’t have access to. It’s a gift, not just something that makes your life more difficult. I don’t want you to make the mistake of research just “getting by” through school, waiting desperately for summer breaks and, eventually, graduation. How would your life be better if you actively enjoyed writing an essay?
What would school look like if you wanted to suck it dry of all the gifts it has to give you? How about you? Do you have any tips for writing an auditing resume tips, essay? Use tip #4 and write five original sentences that could be turned into an essay. When you’re finished, share your five sentences in the comments section. And remember, have fun! Good pointers, Joe. I could have used this advice 50 years ago when I was in college.
I’m sure it would have been a great help. Thanks Adelaide! Me too! Ironically, this essay was published right after I completed all my work for my English BA. #128578; Overall, this is pretty good advice– why NOT write a fun essay? You know the big words to use an essay professors are reading not only the papers of your classmates, but also the essays of students in auditing, their other classes.
I have also used wikipedia as a way to find general information or additional citations. I have also tried a variation of #4 and auditing resume tips, #8, where you jot down some ideas to focus the essay before filling the paragraphs out. Auditing Tips! It’s how I write in general. It’s so much easier to write that way, since otherwise if I try to write straight through, I just start editing and stop writing. I do differ on #6, though. I have to write the introduction first– otherwise, I can’t lay out the other paragraphs. The intro is where my thesis is, and an essay, the beauty of a word processor is that it is easy to go back and just rewrite the thesis if it’s not totally working.
But even with this help, there are professors (in several areas besides English, like history, psychology, and art) who love my writing, and auditing resume, classes where most people including myself are getting Bs, and nobody in the class knows who are getting the As. You could write the essay against BEST essay ever, but it’s just not for auditing tips, THAT professor. Essay 1812! Sometimes it felt like the auditing trick was learning how to write an essay for a particular professor who wouldn’t really tell you want they wanted, and was just trial and error to figure out what they wanted. Those are just my thoughts since I actually felt like I had something to say on one of these helpful articles. #128578; As anon native English speaker Can I borrow other writers’ phrases , sentences or expressions for my story especially I need to use the Dictionary sometimes,without being scandalous .or turned down (did I used it correctly ) And while Iam reading I discover a new wide variety of ap us history 1812 vocabulary which I admire a lot . Unfortunately, that would be plagiarism, Maha. Sorry! So why do we have to read a lot before we start writing ,if it isn’t or couldn’t consider to be a dictionary? I looked for auditing resume, Plagiarism in the dictionary ;I found it is stealing ideas but I didn’t talk about that .I talked about the words that are used , be sure I have my own ideas .Example:stepped away walked;
that one ( writer ) used one of the previous verbs to get someone went away from some one else , and I want him to get away from a door for example or a phone ,what’s wrong ? Hi Joe, Great points. I wish I had paid closer attention in school. I did not have the desire or the opportunity to go to college but I have written all of my life and just now realizing I can be a writer and publish on my own. OK – using tip [I can’t remember how to elia, do the hashtag and I only have fifteen minutes so I don’t want to go and look it up, so…] ‘hashtag’ 4, to write five original sentences that could be turned into an essay… Using an essay writing prompt when you have no need to write an resume tips, essay can be beneficial in many ways. Writing in data, any form allows, in auditing, my opinion, the ap us writer to express thoughts and resume, create a piece of writing. Personally, I think an essay about writing essays could be interesting and fun, and almost certainly challenging; though it’s possible I’ve had too much coffee this morning and msc thesis in small data network, am failing to auditing, grasp the purpose of this prompt… either way, I’m writing – and writing is good for me. It’s making me smile.
That was only research paper, four sentences but one of them was pretty long and fragmented. And I didn’t use my fifteen minutes up so now I have time to. Thanks for the tips, Joe. I don’t have occasion to tips, write a lot of essays these days, but I do need to data network, write tech specs and internal white papers fairly regularly. Here is tips, a five-sentence skeleton from essays elia my “day job.” Information technology as a career has traditionally been considered a bastion for auditing resume tips, technofiles who have little to offer beyond tweaking computer programs, but true success in modern IT requires a well-rounded world view and the ability to effectively interact with and influence others. While previous generations of technology professionals may have been able to succeed by learning one or more core technologies, today’s fast-changing tech landscape requires a nimble mind in order to remain relevant. Beyond the research paper need to learn quickly and resume tips, often, IT staff in the 21st century must be able to communicate effectively with stakeholders in all areas of the business.
In fact, today’s technology professionals are in a position to positively transform their organizations by translating powerful technological capabilities into consumable information that business influencers can understand and embrace. The days of resume tips choosing a career in IT because you want to hide away in an office and write obscure software are over. The technology leaders of tips today must work in partnership with our customers to auditing, effect real competitive advantages. This sounds like an essay I would enjoy reading, and I’m not even an auditing, IT person. Thanks, Erica. Maybe I’ll write the full thing some day. Thanks for the amazing post #128578; Really great points .. One more tip – ask the right question and give the right answer. When it comes to essay writing – asking the right questions is a main thing.
I get many confused looks whenever I tell people I have a degree in history essay war of, English yet hated writing papers in college. Auditing Resume Tips! I wish I had taken the time to learn how to write one properly, so then they might not have sucked all the fun out of my life back then. I struggled to get Cs on my papers (granted, I usually waited ’til the night before to write them – such a bad habit for me). Anyway, I took a stab at the prompt and here are the ap us history war of results: Title: Why The World Needs More Adoptive Families. Thesis: Adoption can be a rewarding and beneficial experience, despite its own unique challenges. Body #1: Even though being raised by biological parents is the ideal, the auditing tips reality is that adoption is ap us war of 1812, likely the best option for children who are already waiting for auditing, a permanent family. Body #2: Thousands of ap us history essay 1812 children age out foster care each year without the auditing support system of a stable family. Body #3: Supporting adoption is a Biblical mandate, regardless of one’s personal ministry calling.
Conclusion: Adoption isn’t for everyone, but the need is big words to use when, great enough that more families must step up to meet it. Great post to read, keep on updating new posts. I have read similar article on custom essay writing service, just go through with them also. Great tips to creative writing… Writing or composing is a craftsmanship, while composing, put conclusions toward the starting: Think of a transformed pyramid when you compose. Become acquainted with point in the first passage, then develop it. Prepare to have your mind blown.
I got these tips from paper composing administrations which is the auditing reason I have succeeded in life. Joe thank you for giving me great deal of help to writing an photography paper, authentic essay. It is hard to find a reliable college essay website these days due to the surge of websites claiming to write the best essay for college admissions. In my opinion turning an auditing resume, essay into resume a great story will be the winning point for any candidate. Have you heard about first writing service. Auditing Resume Tips! It provides a lot of useful papers, and help students to get higher mark, because here work only a high-qualified writer. Just check it, you might be interested. I think it’s nice to do a checklist for big words to use when writing an essay, those, who a starting to write essay #128578; And for those who have not enough time to finish -i recommend http://essay4you.net/ Really fast and professional. Auditing Resume! Just grab, all what you already have and go there.
I’m very happy to read about college essay papers. online. Opinion Against Euthanasia! I’ll be recurring to your blog for auditing resume, extra soon. You can choose a better essay writing website for college essay admissionto get unique contents. You can choose a better essay writing website for college essay admission writings to data, get unique contents. you can choose a best essay writing website for college essay admission writings. If you want tp write well such articles and resume tips, essay, you can find a lot of big words to use when themes on this site http://www.bestaessays.com. I hate writing essay’s. Joe, thank you so much for this!
I was in a bit of a writing slump and resume tips, this was exactly the research paper read I needed. I want to say that this is really good article that helps me to write my essay. Because as for auditing tips, me essay is so hard. But after reading this I understand that this is not so hard. When I need help to write a paper It can be done byhttp://writepaper4me.com/ I want to say that this is really good article that helps me to write my essay. Because as for photography, me essay is auditing resume, so hard. Auditing! But after reading this I understand that this is auditing resume, not so hard.
When I need help to write a paper It can be done byhttp://writepaper4me.com/ Excellent tips you have provided to write an paper, essay. I used to get worried about writing essay and I was actually looking for resume, essay rewriting services online but after reading your post, I will try myself first. Thanks. Everybody try to write best essay.If i write best essay,i will try to best essay help on myself.So, help of research paper myself is resume, best help. Would you mind if I will make link on history essay war of your artilce from our website – http://custom-essay.ca ? Hi, guys, I’ve released free tool for generating topics for essays. Can you test it? http://essaytopicgenerator.com/ Writers Celebrate this Halloween week with us. Thank you for your wonderful tips on writing an essay.
How do u suggest we gather information for an essay for example, a school essay(narrative, argumentative and reflective) how about an opinion essay what advice would you give me. I am happy I came by this post at the right time. http://www.cutewriters.com. Thank you for the good work. may the Lord bless you. I’m so glad to see you used Wikipedia as source tool. As someone that is more of a technical writer, research scientist/business man and who sells his work in the form of technical reports and occasional publications – I am a huge proponent of Wikipedia. There is no better way for the average person to research a subject (and that is auditing resume tips, a fact, see below). I am always saddened when I run into some severely handicapped uninformed soul who thinks that Wikipedia is not a valid source because it isn’t on opinion euthanasia paper. Few people take the time to read the comparison studies that have been done regarding the accuracy of Wikipedia and other encyclopedic sources – and none of which are 100% accurate and or unbiased. The first of such comparisons was done by Nature in 2005:
“For its study, Nature chose articles from both sites in a wide range of topics and sent them to what it called “relevant” field experts for tips, peer review. To Use When An Essay! The experts then compared the competing articles–one from each site on a given topic–side by side, but were not told which article came from which site. Nature got back 42 usable reviews from its field of experts. In the end, the tips journal found just eight serious errors, such as general misunderstandings of in small data network vital concepts, in the articles. Of those, four came from tips each site. They did, however, discover a series of auditing tips factual errors, omissions or misleading statements. All told, Wikipedia had 162 such problems, while Britannica had 123.” Since 2005 there have been several other comparisons and Wikipedia fairs very well in all. Resume! One article I found in Forbes also reveals a curious phenomenon, conservative personality types tend to have a general bias against Wikipedia – and tips, are also uninformed as to accuracy. Not unlike conservative college professors who have biases against auditing tips even high quality online courses. Never underestimate the summary essays limitations of the conservative personality type.
Here are some the references I’ve found: Conservative bias and Wikipedia. I love your thinking. Wikipedia is a great site. It provides directions and the general knowledge from a broad perspective. Many thanks for your references. I shall dig deeper and auditing, develop my writing skills. Do you love mom? You. really should. Mom is the one who loves you.
Here are some reasons why I LOVE. My mom gives me food. She gave birth to me. She loves me and likes me a lot…. She gives me clothes. She lets me live. She helps me learn how to type. She wants me to be smart.
She. gives me discipline. My mom is the essay against best mom in the world. Always look up to auditing tips, your. mom unless she is on drugs or something. You should always love your mom. She’s.
the one who went through pain for when writing, you. She’s awesomeness thing you could ever. (My son’s hilarious essay for all to view!) Also, bear with him because he is auditing, just starting. hahaha, great post. It reminds of me when I was young. Hey Joe ! Thank you for your wonderful advices. Data Network! I struggle a lot during essay writings but if I use your tips correctly, I’m sure I will get better results.
Thanks a lot Joe #128578; I totally agree with you 100 percent. I hate writing in APA. The citing. The reference page has to be perfect. Getting my Masters was so frustrating at times.
I had to write a 30 page thesis. At least with essays, you don’t have to if it doesn’t apply. When helping my son with his we had a title page and auditing resume, cited only if necessary and providing a reference page. His teacher loved that because he is in middle school. The paper was really professionally written. He got a solid A. Hey,if you hate APA – feel free to adress our writing centre https://300writers.com/. We would be glad to provide you with the first-class writing help any style you need. P.S. Hope, I am not late #128578; Thank you, so much!
i want you to want me joe. you the real mvp. This is the best advice on essays I’ve read in research paper, a long time. I’m about to resume, write an ap us history essay war of 1812, essay and auditing resume, am a bit rusty. However, I’ve written a few over the course of my studies and the ones that got the summary best marks were the auditing resume ones where I applied the summary essays sort of resume techniques you write about here… thanks for war of 1812, the refresh! I read the whole thing in a woman’s voice oops! But great tips!
Will be using those tomorrow! This is great. We just apply the tips together with other sweetness to provide the auditing best writing experience in our work. This is history essay war of, a real inspiration man, keep up that same spirit. I started reading this instead of doing my essay… i got an essay due tommorow morning and auditing tips, yet here i am. I am having so much trouble writing my essay and even though these are great points and i can probably use them, I cant get my brain to use them. I really need help and i don’t even know how to begin to ask. Thanks this helped a lot. I like how easily you describe the whole essay writing process.
If you are interested at photography paper its continuation, you may read one more article pertaining to essay writing. Click on http://bigessaywriter.com/blog/7-most-effective-essay-writing-techniques to auditing resume tips, read the entire piece! Great points. Just a question, is it okay if we use let’s give it a try as a suggestion at the end of summary essays elia conclusion paragraph?Thanks. Very good points.
Actually writing essay is auditing tips, a very difficult task to tips, students. Auditing Resume Tips! Your points will help those students. Wikipedia is a good reference. http://academic-essay-writing-service.blogspot.in/ Nice tips Joe! I would also advise using this nice tool http://elitewritings.com/topic-generator.html to choose a topic of the paper. Great article! Helps me get past my fear of writing for grad school.
Well done, Joe. You’ve successfully made, both my day and essays, better in every way. Summary! Thank you. Hi guys , long time could not understand how to essay writing , and probably would never have been able to if i do not accidentally found this site writingby1click.com/essaywriting.html , who may be interested come in, it really helped me. long time could not understand how to essay writing , and probably would never have been able to if i do not accidentally found this site essaywriting1click.blogspot.com, who may be interested come in, it really helped me. Hello guys) long time could not understand how to essay writing , and probably would never have been able to if i do not accidentally found this site http://goo.gl/xQ1SwD, who may be interested come in, it really helped me. Amazing details, still students find it difficult to implement these tips while writing their essay, so they can ask for help from experts. Students can visit http://studentsassignmenthelp.com/ for best essay assignment help.
We offer the auditing resume tips best quality essay writing with guaranteed plagiarism free guarantee and essays elia, on-time delivery of work. I really enjoyed how amazingly you noticed the auditing resume tips micro changes and opinion essay euthanasia, wrote. them in resume tips, broader way. I found this as an informative and captivating. post, so I think it is auditing resume tips, very helpful and acquainted. I would like to. thank you for resume, the endeavor you have made in data, this piece.
Maybe u should help me to writer and essay and how to resume tips, write a mind map. It was a wonderful piece of art by you. It is awesome to read. Thanks for the valuable information. Writing An Essay! I hope you will keep posting such blogs in future. Sometimes it happens that not all the people like writing precis or essays, so what to do? What if i dont know how to auditing resume tips, write, but if i write bad i will get F for exam or i will not get my job?
Hi Joe, thanks for the pointers they are really helpful with writing an essay (which I struggle with); but what about writing an photography paper, exemplification essay? Writing an resume, essay is not easy, these are some useful hints and tips on elia how to construct and write the best essay possible. These simple steps will guide you through the essay writing process: • Decide on your topic. • Prepare an outline or diagram of your ideas. • Write your thesis statement. • Write the body.
Write the main points. Write the sub points. … • Write the introduction. • Write the conclusion. • Add the final changes. • Read More At htpps://essaypeer.com. Writing is a skill that can be learned and with continuous practice it can be mastered and with no time you graduate to be a professional writer. The above ten points forms an important foundation for writing convincing and resume, captivating essays.Academic. Papers Writing Help.
Essay writing has been a major challenge to many students. For one to come up with a great essay, you need to engage experienced writers. Network! You have shared very helpful essay writing ideas. For reliable Admittance essays writing , contact us and resume, you will never regret. Writing is my favorite hobbie and these tips are very helpful.
Thanks! Global warming is being ignored by massive companies who emit most of the research carbon dioxide, world leaders must act to stop them or there would not be another future. These companies emit over half the carbon dioxide over auditing, a year period are choosing to ignore Global Warming. Governments must put sanctions on these companies and increase their tax rate unless they switch to another renewable source. Global Warming is getting worse and history essay 1812, worse and it is only a matter of time that the governments of these companies started putting a stop to auditing, it. Do you accept guest post here? I have a site that I think it’s close related to this post.
Would that be possible? Joe, I really like how unique and auditing tips, interesting your angle on essay-writing is. Auditing Resume Tips! It’s unlike many other “standard” online essay-writing articles. Hear, hear! If anyone wants to auditing resume tips, check out an even more thorough analysis of essay-writing, please check us out at our YT channel to see us write essays from resume tips scratch to final draft: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hob5hWHv7JM#038;list=PLfgdZqI9ksaigRzvFFXb1_c1BHJoisTQN.
this helped. thanks! Great suggestions! I applied your ideas and I got an A from a super harsh teacher. I’d give this a 9/10! Writing a perfect essay is msc thesis in small data, not a easy task. Tips! It is so difficult to write perfect,creative,informative and summary essays, quality essay. The essay also. reveals what you can do when you have time to resume tips, think and work on a writing project. Your tips are very helpful for writing a quality essay. Thanks. This is a good piece overall, but leading with the idea of Bs and essay, A minuses as mediocre is auditing resume tips, so unhelpful.
Those are very good grades that most students would kill for. They are good grades if you are a mediocre student. For those striving to get into an Ivy League school or other good colleges/careers, at least an ap us history essay war of, A is needed in every class. You have made a strong statement here. In our writing service also, we adhere to all these points. In fact, we strike a positive note to serve our customers with all our facilities and skills buy cheap dissertation available with us. great discussion for your article and giving all knowledge it It Company. I am only at Tip #2 and resume, can already feel my “inner writer” coming back to life. I’ve been torturing myself for so long — many new ideas and perspectives to share and nothing but dread at the thought of the ap us war of actual writing.
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Learning Outcomes: Upon completion of this subject, student will . be able to: 1. write summaries as well as process, comparison-contrast and cause-effect essays 2. apply basic grammatical concepts in writing 3. answer questions based on academic texts 4. give oral presentations Textbook: 1. History Essay 1812. Daise, D., Norloff, C., and Carne, P., (2011). Q: Skills for Success 4 : Reading and auditing resume Writing Oxford University. Cambridge , Essay , Latin 401 Words | 3 Pages. In Small Data. ELEMENTS OF AN ESSAY Preliminary Remarks Following are some suggestions to auditing resume help you write an acceptable academic- level essay . . This is not the only way to organize and develop an essay . Network. It is, however, a tried and true system and will likely be what your TCC instructors require of you. Audience and Purpose Before beginning, you should consider both your audience and purpose. For, before you can know how to approach the subject, you must determine whom you will be addressing, how much they already. Auditing. 2005 albums , Essay , Five paragraph essay 1430 Words | 5 Pages. water scarcity.
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Free Environmental Studies essays. Renewable energy is now capturing a good share of the worldwide headlines because of concerns about declining supplies of fossil fuels, escalating population and industrialization triggering ever-increasing demand of fuels. Worldwide ethanol demand is auditing, increasing continuously. Conventional crops such as corn and sugarcane are unable to ap us 1812, meet the global demand of bioethanol production due to their primary value of food and feed. Auditing Resume Tips? Therefore, lignocellulosic substances such as agricultural wastes are attractive feedstocks for bioethanol production and they are too cost effective, renewable and tips, abundant. Bioethanol from auditing tips, this agricultural waste could be a promising technology, though the process has several challenges and limitations such as biomass transport and handling, and ef’cient pretreatment methods for total deligni’cation of lignocellulosics. In this review are discussed efficient and available technologies for photography, bioethanol production from resume tips, agricultural waste. Keywords: Bioethanol, Pretreatment, Bioethanol production, Biomass, Lignocellulosic biomass, Agricultural waste.
Fossil energy sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, etc are important factors for the world’s present economy development, they make everything work from fuel to electricity and other goods. (Uihlein A. et al., 2009). The last few decades brought with them excessive consumption of fossil fuels, especially in large urban areas, and a high level of pollution. (Ballesteros I et al., 2006). The global production of paper oil is decreasing significantly from year to auditing resume, year and that’s due to the expansion of human population and increasing of industrial property, which is ap us history essay war of, also generating a high energy consumption. (Campbell CH, Laherrere JH, 1998). Renewable sources , as wind, water, sun, biomass, geothermal heat might be the future, the alternative needed for the energy industry wheres the fuel production and the chemical industry may have as an alternative for the near future the biomass (Lynd LR, Wang MQ, 2003). Auditing Resume Tips? The renewable biomass fuels such as bioethanol, biodiesel, biohydrogen, etc., derived from sugarcane, corn, switchgrass, algae, etc. can become the perfect substitutes for all petroleum-based fuels. Each person’s share of msc thesis in small data electricity and fuel used in making food and goods and their transport represint the energy consumption rate. A possible motor fuel on organic farms in the short and medium terms is auditing resume tips, represented by ap us history war of, biogas. This alternative fuel can be produced by anaerobic digestion of organic material. When it is used as biofuel, the CO2 present in it is removed for increasing the energy content and it can be stored at high pressure. Biogas can be a substitute as fuel for boilers, propane and natural gas and in rural areas for electricity generation. Biogas energy usage expansion has continued across the European Union.
According to Eur Observ’ER, about 13. 4 million tonnes oil equivalent (Mtoe) of biogas primary energy were produced during 2013, which is auditing, 1.2 Mtoe more than in 2012 representing a 10.2% growth. However, the network, biogas sector’s momentum was more sluggish than in 2012 (16.9% between 2011 and 2012, giving an additional 1.8 Mtoe) and it is expected to lose some of auditing its impetus in big words, 2014 in a number of auditing tips countries whose sector expansion controlling policy changes will limit the when an essay, future use of energy crops. 52.3 TWh (TeraWatt hour) of biogas electricity produced in 2013 in the European Union. The growth of biofuels consumption for use in transport in the European Union (EU-28) has dwindled in the past few years and finally dropped by about 1 million toe (6.8%) between 2012 and tips, 2013 according to EurObserv’ER, to a consumption level of 13.6 million toe. Nevertheless, sustainable biofuel consumption, certified and thus eligible for inclusion in European targets increased slightly by 1.1% to 11.8 Mtoe (EurObserv’ER Database 2013). To meet carbon dioxide reduction targets specified in the Kyoto Protocol, countries across the globe have elaborated for future energy demands, state policies toward the increased and economic utilization of biomass. This were considered as well to big words to use when an essay, decrease reliance and dependence on the supply of auditing resume fossil fuels. Biomass can be a huge source of transport fuels such as bioethanol and is commonly used to generate power and heat, especially through combustion.
In present ethanol is the most widely used liquid biofuel for motor vehicles (Demirbas A., 2005, Lewis SM, 1996). The importance of ethanol is increasing due to global warming and climate change. Bioethanol has been receiving widespread interest at the international, national and regional levels. Resume Tips? The global market for auditing tips, bioethanol has entered a phase of rapid, transitional growth and many countries around the world are shifting their focus toward renewable sources for power production because of depleting crude oil reserves. The trend is extending to summary essays, transport fuel as well. Ethanol has potential as a valuable replacement of gasoline in the transport fuel market. However, the cost of auditing resume tips bioethanol production is opinion against euthanasia, more compared to fossil fuels.
Source: United States Energy Information Administration. Figure 1. World Ethanol Fuel Production and Consumption by Year. Table 1. World Ethanol Fuel Production and auditing resume tips, Consumption by Year. year production consumption. 2000 297.37 283.15. 2001 317.26 261.85. 2002 362.96 303.34. 2003 454.31 355.49. 2004 501.94 437.80. 2005 578.03 494.44.
2006 701.94 623.52. 2007 910.48 797.22. 2008 1201.22 1092.45. 2009 1296.34 1252.60. 2010 1487.61 1376.94. 2011 1448.46 1349.63. Current ethanol production based on corn, starch and sugar substances may not be desirable due to their food and feed value. Economy of the ethanol production process from grains is depen- dent on the market of its by-product e distillers’ dried grains with solubles (DDGS) e as animal food. The market of DDGS may not expand like that of ethanol in the future (Taherzadeh and summary essays, Karimi, 2007). Cost is an important factor for large scale expansion of bioethanol production. The green gold fuel from lignocellulosic wastes avoids the existing competi- tion of food versus fuel caused by grain based bioethanol production (Bjerre et al., 1996).
It has been estimated that 442 billion liters of bioethanol can be produced from lignocellulosic biomass and that total crop residues and wasted crops can produce 491 billion liters of bio- ethanol per year, about 16 times higher than the actual world bioethanol production (Kim S., 2006). Lignocellulosic materials are renewable, low cost and are abundantly available. It includes crop resi- dues, grasses, sawdust, wood chips, etc. Extensive research has been carried out on auditing resume tips, ethanol production from lignocellulosics in the past two decades. Hence bioethanol production could be the auditing tips, route to the effective utilization of agricultural wastes. Rice straw, wheat straw, corn straw, and sugarcane bagasse are the major agricultural wastes in terms of quantity of biomass available (Kim S., 2006). Current industrial processes for bioethanol production use sugarcane (Southern hemisphere) or cereal grain (Nothern Hemisphere) as feedstocks; but they have to tips, compete directly with food sector (Wheals et al, 1999).
Although these are the predominant feedstocks that are used today, projected fuel demands indicate that new alternative, low-priced feedstocks are needed to reduce ethanol production costs (Palmarola-Adrados et al, 2005). The largest potential feedstock for ethanol is lignocellulosic biomass, which includes materials such as agricultural residues (corn stover, crop straws, sugar cane bagasse), herbaceous crops (alfalfa, switchgrass), short rotation woody crops, forestry residues, waste paper and euthanasia, other wastes (municipal and industrial) (Kim and Dale, 2005). Auditing Resume? Bioethanol production from these feedstocks could be an attractive alternative for disposal of these residues (Wymam, 2001). Importantly, lignocellulosic feedstocks do not interfere with food security. Moreover, bioethanol is in small network, very important for both rural and urban areas in terms of auditing resume tips energy security reason, environmental concern, employment opportunities, agricultural development, foreign exchange saving, socioeconomic issues etc. To avoid conflicts between food use and industrial use of crops, only wasted crops are assumed to be available for producing ethanol. Opinion Essay? Wasted crops are defined as crops lost during the year at all stages between the farm and households level during handling, storage and transport. The agriculture residue includes corn stover, crop straws and sugar cane bagasse. The full utilization of some crop residues may give rise to soil erosion and decrease soil organic matter. Therefore, a 60% ground cover by residues, instead of 30%, is tips, recommended due to uncertainties of local situation (Kim and Dale, 2004). Most wasted biomass comes from rice, corn, and wheat.
The US, Asia and auditing tips, the European Union are leading producers of auditing resume tips agricultural by-products, such as straw from rice, corn and cereal crops. Surplus straw offers an ideal feedstock for the manufacture of cellulosic ethanol, presenting no competition to the production of food or animal feed. Nor is any additional land use required to produce bioethanol based on these types of feedstock, as they are automatically created as a by-product during existing production of against rice, maize and cereals. As a result, about 240 million tons of auditing tips cereal straw are produced each year as an agricultural by-product in the EU alone. Only a small part of this is currently utilized.
Long term studies have shown that up to 60% could be taken of the field and ap us history, are thus available for further uses. By processing this amount of straw, about 25% of the tips, predicted EU demand for petrol could be replaced by resume tips, cellulosic ethanol in 2020, solely out of surplus material. Auditing Resume Tips? This means that cellulosic ethanol can play a key role along Europe??s path towards sustainable and climate-friendly road transport. Figure 2. Lignocellulosic feedstocks of different regions worldwide. In the US, corn stover is the main residue available for conversion into cellulosic ethanol, the second most important feedstock being cereal straw. Auditing? The Billion Ton study released by the Department of Energy estimates the volumes of auditing resume tips corn stover and cereal straw available in a sustainable way at 190-290 million tons. Essays Elia? In Brazil, where sugar cane has already been used to produce bioethanol for many years, some 545 million tons of sugar cane are forecast for the 2011-2012 harvest, which will in turn give rise to approx. 73 million tons of bagasse. Even after deduction of the resume, amounts used to generate energy in existing plants, around 11 million additional tons of cellulosic ethanol could be produced. This is equivalent to about 50% of Brazil??s current ethanol production (Clariant International Ltd, 1995 ‘ 2012).
The most important processing challenge in the production of biofuel is pretreatment of the biomass. Ap Us History War Of 1812? Lignocellulosic biomass is resume tips, composed of three main constituents namely hemicellulose, lignin and cellulose. Summary Essays? Pretreatment methods refer to the solubilization and separation of one or more of these components of biomass. It makes the remaining solid biomass more accessible to further chemical or biological treatment (Demirbas, 2005). The lignocellulosic complex is made up of a matrix of cellulose and lignin bound by hemicellulose chains. The pretreatment is auditing resume, done to break the matrix in order to reduce the degree of crystallinity of the cellulose and increase the fraction of msc thesis in small data network amorphous cellulose, the most suitable form for enzymatic attack. Pretreatment is undertaken to bring about a change in auditing, the macroscopic and microscopic size and structure of big words when an essay biomass as well as submicroscopic structure and chemical composition. It makes the lignocellulosic biomass susceptible to quick hydrolysis with increased yields of monomeric sugars (Mosier et al, 2005). Goals of an resume tips, effective pretreatment process are formation of sugars directly or subsequently by hydrolysis to avoid loss and/ or degradation of opinion against sugars formed to limit formation of inhibitory products to reduce energy demands and to minimize costs. Physical, chemical, physicochemical and biological treatments are the four fundamental types of pretreatment techniques employed. In general a combination of these processes is used in resume, the pretreatment step.
3.1. Physical pretreatment. Physical pretreatment can increase the photography research, accessible surface area and size of pores, and decrease the crystallinity and tips, degrees of opinion against polymerization of cellulose. Auditing Resume? Different types of physical processes such as milling (e.g. ball milling, two-roll milling, hammer milling, colloid milling, and vibro energy milling) and irradiation (e.g. by gamma rays, electron beam or microwaves) can be used to improve the enzymatic hydrolysis or biodegradability of lignocellulosic waste materials. Milling can be employed to essays elia, alter the inherent ultrastructure of lignocelluloses and degree of crystallinity, and consequently make it more amenable to cellulase (Mais et al, 2002). Milling and size reduction have been applied prior to enzymatic hydrolysis, or even other pretreatment processes with dilute acid, steam or ammonia, on several lignocellulosic waste materials, MSW and activated sludge (Muller et al, 2007). Auditing Resume Tips? Among the milling processes, colloid mill, fibrillator and dissolver are suitable only for essay war of 1812, wet materials, e.g. wet paper from domestic waste separation or paper pulps, while the extruder, roller mill, cryogenic mill and hammer mill are usually used for dry materials. The ball mill can be used for auditing resume, either dry or wet materials. When Writing An Essay? Grinding with hammer milling of resume waste paper is a favorable method (Walpot, 1986).
Milling can improve susceptibility to enzymatic hydrolysis by reducing the research, size of the materials, and degree of crystallinity of lignocelluloses (Fan et al, 1980) , which improves enzymatic degradation of these materials toward ethanol or biogas. Auditing Resume? Without any pretreatment, corn stover with sizes of 53’75 ??m was 1.5 times more productive than larger corn stover particles of 425’710 ??m (Zeng et al 2007). Irradiation by auditing resume, e.g. gamma rays, electron beam and microwaves can improve enzymatic hydrolysis of auditing resume lignocelluloses. The combination of the radiation and other methods such as acid treatment can further accelerate enzymatic hydrolysis (Kumakura and Kaetsu, 1984). Essay Against? Irradiation has enhanced enzymatic degradation of cellulose into glucose. Auditing Resume? However, pre-irradiation is more effective in summary essays elia, air than in acid solution (Mamar and Hadjadj, 1990). 3.2. Physico-chemical pretreatment. Pretreatments that combine both chemical and physical processes are referred to auditing resume, as physico-chemical processes (Chandra et al, 2007).
3.2.1. Steam explosion (autohydrolysis) Among the physico-chemical processes, steaming with or without explosion (autohydrolysis) has received substantial attention in history war of, pretreatment for both ethanol and biogas production. The pretreatment removes most of the hemicellulose, thus improving the enzymatic digestion. In steam explosion, the pressure is suddenly reduced and makes the materials undergo an explosive decompression.
High pressure and consequently high temperature, typically between 160 and auditing resume, 260 ??C, for a few seconds (e.g. 30 s) to several minutes (e.g. 20 min), were used in steam explosion (Boussaid et al, 1999), (Varga et al, 2004), (Sun et al, 2004). The steam explosion process is well documented and was tested in lab-and pilot processes by several research groups and companies. Its energy cost is relatively moderate, and it satisfies all the requirements of the pretreatment process. The process of auditing steam explosion was demonstrated on a commercial scale at the Masonite plants. Increase in auditing resume tips, temperature up to a certain level can effectively release hemicellulosic sugars. However, the sugars loss steadily increases by further increasing the temperature, resulting in photography paper, a decrease in total sugar recovery (Ruiz et al, 2008).
Special care should be taken in selecting the steam explosion conditions in order to auditing, avoid excessive degradation of the data network, physical and chemical properties of the cellulose. In very harsh conditions, lower enzymatic digestibility of lignocelluloses may also be observed after steam explosion. For instance, generation of condensation substances between the polymers in resume tips, steam explosion of wheat straw may lead to data, a more recalcitrant residue (Sun et al, 2005). 3.2.2. Steam explosion with addition of SO2.
Steam pretreatment can be performed with addition of sulfur dioxide (SO2), while the aim of adding this chemical is to improve recovering both cellulose and hemicellulose fractions. The treatment can be carried out by 1’4% SO2 (w/w substrate) at elevated temperatures, e.g. 160’230 ??C, for a period of e.g. 10 min (Eklund et al, 1995). 3.2.3. Ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX)
AFEX is one of the alkaline physico-chemical pretreatment processes. Here the biomass is exposed to liquid ammonia at relatively high temperature (e.g. 90’100 ??C) for a period of auditing resume tips e.g. 30 min, followed by immediate reduction of pressure. In Small? The effective parameters in the AFEX process are ammonia loading, temperature, water loading, blowdown pressure, time, and number of treatments (Holtzapple et al, 1991). The AFEX process produces only a pretreated solid material, while some other pretreatments such as steam explosion produce a slurry that can be separated in a solid and a liquid fractions (Mosier et al, 2005). The AFEX process can either modify or effectively reduce the resume, lignin fraction of the summary essays elia, lignocellulosic materials, while the hemicellulose and tips, cellulose fractions may remain intact. At optimum conditions, AFEX can significantly improve the enzymatic hydrolysis. The optimum conditions for AFEX depend on the lignocellulosic materials.
For example, the summary essays, optimum conditions in auditing resume, pretreatment of switch grass were reported to be about 100??C, ammonia loading of 1:1 kg of ammonia per kg of dry matter, and 5 min retention time (Alizadeh et al, 2005). One of the major advantages of AFEX pretreatment is no formation of big words to use writing an essay some types of inhibitory by-products, which are produced during the other pretreatment methods, such as furans in dilute-acid and steam explosion pretreatment. However, part of phenolic fragments of lignin and other cell wall extractives may remain on the cellulosic surface. Therefore, washing with water might be necessary to remove part of these inhibitory components, although increasing the auditing tips, amount of wastewater from the process (Chundawat et al, 2007. However, there are some disadvantages in using the AFEX process compared to some other processes. AFEX is more effective on the biomass that contains less lignin, and the AFEX pretreatment does not significantly solubilize hemicellulose compared to other pretreatment processes such as dilute-acid pretreatment. Furthermore, ammonia must be recycled after the tips, pretreatment to reduce the cost and protect the environment (Eggeman and Elander, 2005), (Sun and Cheng, 2002). 3.2.4.
CO2 explosion. Supercritical carbon dioxide has been considered as an extraction solvent for non-extractive purposes, due to several advantages such as availability at resume tips, relatively low cost, non-toxicity, non-flammability, easy recovery after extraction, and environmental acceptability (Zheng and Tsao, 1996). Supercritical carbon dioxide displays gas-like mass transfer properties, besides a liquid-like solvating power (Zheng et al, 1995). It was shown that in the presence of water, supercritical CO2 can efficiently improve the enzymatic digestibility of aspen (hardwood) and southern yellow pine (softwood) (Kim and Hong, 2001). The delignification with carbon dioxide at 1812, high pressures can be improved by co-solvents such as ethanol’water or acetic acid’water, and can efficiently increase the lignin removal. Carbon dioxide molecules should be comparable in size to those of tips water and ammonia, and should be able to penetrate small pores accessible to water and ammonia molecules. 3.2.5.
Liquid hot-water pretreatment. Cooking of lignocellulosic materials in liquid hot water (LHW) is one of the hydrothermal pretreatment methods applied for pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials since several decades ago in e.g. Opinion? pulp industries. Water under high pressure can penetrate into the biomass, hydrate cellulose, and remove hemicellulose and part of lignin. The major advantages are no addition of chemicals and no requirement of corrosion-resistant materials for hydrolysis reactors in this process. The feedstock size reduction is a highly energy-demanding operation for the huge bulk of resume materials on a commercial scale; there could be no need for size reduction in LHW pretreatment. In addition, the process has a much lower need of chemicals for neutralization of the produced hydrolyzate, and produces lower amounts of neutralization residues compared to many processes such as dilute-acid pretreatment. Summary? Hemicelluloses’ carbohydrates are dissolved as liquid-soluble oligosaccharides and can be separated from insoluble cellulosic and lignin fractions. Auditing? LHW can enlarge the accessible and susceptible surface area of the cellulose and make it more accessible to hydrolytic enzymes (Zeng et al, 2007). Pretreatments with steam and LHW are both hydrothermal pretreatments. Against Euthanasia? Higher pentosan recovery and lower formation of inhibitory components are the main advantages of LHW pretreatment compared to steam explosion. For instance, treating of de-starched corn fiber with hot water at 160 ??C for 20 min dissolved 75% of the auditing resume tips, xylan (Dien et al, 2006).
At higher temperatures, e.g. 220 ??C, LHW can dissolve hemicelluloses completely and msc thesis network, remove lignin partially within 2 min with no chemicals used (Sreenath et al, 1998). Xylan removal via percolation reactor, or by base addition (adjusting the pH) during the process, has been suggested to reduce the formation of inhibitors such as furfural and degradation of xylose(Laser et al, 2002) . The pH, processing temperature, and time should be controlled in auditing resume, order to optimize the against euthanasia, enzymatic digestibility by LHW pretreatment. An optimized condition for tips, LHW pretreatment of corn stover was reported to be 190 ??C for 15 min, in which 90% of the cellulose conversion was observed by subsequent enzymatic hydrolysis . LHW pretreatment at euthanasia, 160 ??C and a pH above 4.0 can dissolve 50% of the auditing resume, fibers from corn fibers in 20 min (Mosier, 2005). 3.2.6. Microwave oven and electron beam irradiation pretreatment. Pretreatment of lignocellulosic biomass in a microwave oven is also a feasible method which uses the high heating ef’ciency of a microwave oven and opinion essay against, it is also easy to operate (Bjerre et al, 1996). Microwave treatment utilizes thermal and non-thermal effects generated by microwaves in resume tips, aqueous environments.
In the thermal method, internal heat is generated in the biomass by microwave radiation, resulting from the vibrations of the photography research paper, polar bonds in resume, the biomass and the surrounding aqueous medium. Research? Thus a hot spot is created within the inhomogeneous material. Resume? This unique heating feature results in an explosion effect among the history essay 1812, particles and improves the disrup- tion of auditing tips recalcitrant structures of lignocellulose (Hu and Wen, 2008). Thermal pretreatment provides an acidic environment for autohydrolysis by releasing acetic acid from the lignocellulosic materials. In the non-thermal method, i.e., the electron beam irradiation method, polar bonds vibrate, as they are aligned with a continu- ously changing magnetic ‘eld and the disruption and photography research paper, shock to the polar bonds accelerates chemical, biological and physical processes (Sridar, 1998).
High energy radiation results in more changes in cellulosic biomass including increase of speci’c surface area, decrease of degree of polymerization and crystallinity of cellulose, hydrolysis of hemicellulose and partial depolymerization of lignin. 3.3. Chemical pretreatment. 3.3.1. Auditing Resume? Alkaline hydrolysis. Alkaline pretreatment refers to against, the application of alkaline solutions such as NaOH, Ca(OH)2 (lime) or ammonia to remove lignin and a part of the hemicellulose, and efficiently increase the accessibility of enzyme to the cellulose. The alkaline pretreatment can result in a sharp increase in saccharification, with manifold yields. Pretreatment can be performed at low temperatures but with a relatively long time and resume tips, high concentration of the base.
For instance, when soybean straw was soaked in ammonia liquor (10%) for 24 h at room temperature, the hemicellulose and lignin decreased by 41.45% and 30.16% respectively (Xu et al, 2007). However, alkaline pretreatment was shown to be more effective on agricultural residues than on wood materials. 3.3.2. Alkaline peroxide. Alkaline peroxide is an effective method for pretreatment of biomass. In this method, the lignocelluloses are soaked in pH-adjusted water (e.g. to pH 11’12 using NaOH) containing H2O2 at room temperatures for a period of time (e.g. 6’24 h). The process can improve the enzymatic hydrolysis by delignification. 3.3.3.
Organosolv process. Organosolv can be used to provide treated cellulose suitable for enzymatic hydrolysis, using an organic or aqueous organic solvent to remove or decompose the network of elia lignin and possibly a part of the hemicellulose (Curreli et al, 1997). In this process, lignocellulose is mixed with organic liquid and water and heated to dissolve the lignin and part of the hemicellulose, leaving reactive cellulose in the solid phase. In addition, a catalyst may be added either to reduce the operating temperature or to enhance the delignification process (Chum et al, 1985) . Lignin in the biomass can be extracted from the solvent for auditing resume, e.g. generation of electricity, process heat, lignin-based adhesives and other products, due to its high purity and low molecular weight (Pan et al, 2005). In organosolv pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials, a large number of organic or aqueous-organic solvents at temperatures of 150’200 ??C can be used with or without addition of catalysts such as oxalic, salicylic, and acetylsalicylic acid. Furthermore, the solvent may accompany acetic acid released from acetyl groups developed by hydrolysis of hemicelluloses. A variety of essay against euthanasia organic solvents such as alcohols, esters, ketones, glycols, organic acids, phenols, and ethers have been used.
However, the tips, price of msc thesis in small data network solvent and simplicity in recovery of solvent should also be considered. The applied solvents should be separated by e.g. Auditing? evaporation and condensation, and recycled to reduce the operational costs of the process. Ap Us History Essay War Of 1812? Removal of solvents from the pretreated cellulose is usually necessary because the solvents might be inhibitors to the enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation or digestion of hydrolyzate (Sun and Cheng, 2002). 3.3.4. Wet oxidation. Wet oxidation has been applied as pretreatment for both ethanol and auditing tips, biogas production. Elia? In this process, the materials are treated with water and air or oxygen at auditing tips, temperatures above 120??C (e.g. Essays? 148’200??C) for a period of e.g. 30 min (Palonen et al, 2004).
The temperature, followed by reaction time and oxygen pressure, are the auditing resume, most important parameters in wet oxidation (Schmidt and Thomsen, 1998). The process is exothermic, and therefore it becomes self-supporting with respect to heat while the reaction is initiated. Wet oxidation of the hemicellulose faction is a balance between solubilization and degradation. Opinion Against? This process is an effective method in separat ing the cellulosic fraction from lignin and hemicellulose. Oxygen participates in auditing resume tips, the degradation reactions and big words an essay, allows operation at auditing tips, comparatively reduced temperatures by enhancing generation of essays organic acids.
However, the control of reactor temperature is critical because of the fast rates of reaction and heat generation. The main reactions in wet oxidation pretreatment are the formation of acids from hydrolytic processes, as well as oxidative reactions. All three fractions of lignocellulosic materials are affected in this process. Auditing? The hemicelluloses are extensively cleaved to monomeric sugars; the lignins undergo both cleavage and oxidation; and cellulose is partly degraded. Tips? The cellulose becomes highly susceptible to enzymatic hydrolysis (Schultz et al, 1984).
Similar to many other delignification methods, the lignin produced by auditing tips, wet oxidation cannot be used as a fuel, since a major part of the lignin undergoes both cleavage and oxidation. This phenomenon considerably reduces the income from this by-product at industrial scale for ethanol production from lignocellulosic materials (Galbe and Zacchi, 2002) . Wet oxidation can also be performed by oxidation agents such as hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Studies showed that the pretreatment with hydrogen peroxide greatly enhanced the susceptibility of cane bagasse to enzymatic hydrolysis. Resume Tips? About 50% of the lignin and most hemicellulose were solubilized by auditing tips, treating the biomass with 2% H2O2 at 30??C within 8 h, giving 95% efficiency of glucose production from cellulose enzymatic hydrolysis. 3.3.5. To Use Writing An Essay? Ozonolysis pretreatment. Pretreatment of lignocellulosic materials can be performed by treatment with ozone, referred to as ‘ozonolysis’ pretreatment.
This method can effectively degrade lignin and auditing, part of hemicellulose. The pretreatment is usually carried out at room temperature, and does not lead to inhibitory compounds (Vidal, 1988). However, ozonolysis might be expensive since a large amount of ozone is photography, required (Sun and Chang, 2002). Tips? The main parameters in auditing, ozonolysis pretreatment are moisture content of the auditing tips, sample, particle size, and essays elia, ozone concentration in the gas flow. Among these parameters, an essential factor is the percentage of water in the feed, and it has the most significant effect on the solubilization. The optimum water content was found to be around 30%, corresponding to tips, the saturation point of the fibers. This is an attractive pretreatment method since it does not leave acidic, basic, or toxic residues in the treated material (Neely, 1984). 3.3.6. Acid hydrolysis pretreatment. Treatment of lignocellulosic materials with acid at a high temperature can efficiently improve the enzymatic hydrolysis.
Sulfuric acid is the most applied acid, while other acids such as HCl and nitric acid were also reported (Taherzadeh, 2007) . Auditing Resume Tips? The acid pretreatment can operate either under a high temperature and low acid concentration (dilute-acid pretreatment) or under a low temperature and high acid concentration (concentrated-acid pretreatment). The lower operating temperature in concentrated-acid pretreatment (e.g. 40 ??C) is resume tips, a clear advantage compared to dilute-acid processes. However, high acid concentration (e.g. 30’70%) in the concentrated-acid process makes it extremely corrosive and dangerous. Therefore, this process requires either specialized non-metallic constructions or expensive alloys. Resume? The acid recovery, which is necessary in the concentrated-acid process for economical reasons, is an energy-demanding process. On the other hand, the neutralization process produces large amounts of gypsum.
The high investment and maintenance costs also reduce the commercial interest in this process as a commercial option (Sun et al, 2004). Dilute-acid hydrolysis is probably the most commonly applied method among the chemical pretreatment methods. It can be used either as a pretreatment of lignocellulose for enzymatic hydrolysis, or as the actual method of hydrolyzing to fermentable sugars. Different types of reactors such as batch, percolation, plug flow, countercurrent, and shrinking-bed reactors, for either pretreatment or hydrolysis of lignocellulosic materials by the dilute-acid processes, have been applied. The major drawback of some pretreatment methods, particularly at low pH is the formation of different types of inhibitors such as carboxylic acids, furans and phenolic compounds (Taherzadeh and Karimi, 2007). These chemicals may not affect the auditing tips, enzymatic hydrolyses, but they usually inhibit the microbial growth and fermentation, which results in less yield and productivity of ethanol or biogas. Therefore, the pretreatments at low pH should be selected properly in order to avoid or at least reduce the essay war of 1812, formation of these inhibitors. 3.4. Biological pretreatment. Microorganisms can also be used to tips, treat the lignocelluloses and enhance enzymatic hydrolysis. The applied microorganisms usually degrade lignin and hemicellulose but very little part of cellulose, since cellulose is more resistance than the other parts of lignocelluloses to msc thesis in small data network, the biological attack.
Several fungi, e.g. brown-, white- and soft-rot fungi, have been used for resume tips, this purpose. Msc Thesis In Small? White-rot fungi are among the most effective microorganisms for tips, biological pretreatment of lignocelluloses (Sun and Cheng, 2002). Biological treatments with microorganisms or enzymes are also investigated to improve digestion in network, biogas production. The biological pretreatment might be used not only for lignin removal, but also for biological removal of specific components such as antimicrobial substances (Srilatha et al, 1995). Auditing Resume? Solid-state fermentation of orange peels by fungal strains of Sporotrichum, Aspergillus, Fusarium and Penicillum enhanced the availability of feed constituents and reduced the level of the antimicrobial substances. In a similar work, cultivation of white-rot fungi was used to detoxify olive mill wastewater and improve its digestion. Low energy requirement, no chemical requirement, and mild environmental conditions are the main advantages of biological pretreatment. However, the treatment rate is very low in most biological pretreatment processes (Sun and Cheng, 2002) Table 2. Summary of some bio-deligni’cation processes. Substrate Microorganism for lignin degradation Time of pretreatment % of substrate converted to reducing sugars.
Sugarcane bagasse Pleurotus ostreatus. Phanerochaete sordida; Pycnoporus cinnabarinus 115. Phlebia sp. MG-60 (A marine fungus) 5 weeks. 92% deligni’cation; total reducing sugar. yield 11.26 0.73 mg/g. 71% deligni’cation; total reducing sugar. yield 11.56 0.51 mg/g. 73.6% deligni’cation; Total Reducing sugar.
41% lignin degraded. 4. Enzymatic hydrolysis. Sacchari’cation is the critical step for bioethanol production where complex carbohydrates are converted to simple monomers. Msc Thesis In Small Data? Compared to acid hydrolysis, enzymatic hydrolysis requires less energy and mild environment conditions (Ferreira et al, 2009)). The optimum conditions for cellulase have been reported as temperature of 40-50 C and pH 4-5 (Neves et al, 2007). Resume Tips? Assay conditions for xylanase have also been reported to be 50 C temperature and pH 4-5 (Park et al, 2002). Therefore, enzymatic hydrolysis is advantageous because of its low toxicity, low utility cost and low corrosion compared to acid or alkaline hydrolysis (Taherzadeh and Karimi, 2007). Moreover, no inhibitory by-product is euthanasia, formed in enzymatic hydrolysis (Ferreira et al, 2009).
However, enzymatic hydrolysis is carried out by cellulase enzymes that are highly substrate speci’c (Banerjee et al, 2010). Here cellulase and hemicellulase enzymes cleave the bonds of cellulose and hemicellulose respectively. Cellulose contains glucan and hemicellulose contains different sugar units such as mannan, xylan, glucan, galactan and arabinan. Cellulase enzymes involve endo and exoglucanase and b-glucosidases. Tips? Endoglucanase (endo 1,4-D glucanhydrolase or E.C. 18.104.22.168) attacks the low crystallinity regions of the cellulose ‘ber, exoglucanase (1,4-b-D glucan cellobiohydrolase or E.C. 22.214.171.124) removes the cellobiase units from the free chain ends and ‘nally cellobiose units are hydrolysed to glucose by b-glucosidase (E.C. 126.96.36.199). Hemicellulolytic enzymes are more complex and are a mixture of at least eight enzymes such as endo-1,4-b-D-xylanases, exo-1,4-b-D xylocur- onidases, a-L-arabinofuranosidases, endo-1,4-b-D mannanases, b-mannosidases, acetyl xylan esterases, a-glucoronidases and a-galactosidases (Jorgensen et al, 2003). Cellulose is hydrolysed to glucose whereas hemicellulose gives rise to several pentoses and hexoses. Several species of history essay war of 1812 Clostridium, Cellulomonas, Thermonospora, Bacillus, Bac- teriodes, Ruminococcus, Erwinia, Acetovibrio, Microbispora, Strepto- myces are able to produce cellulase enzyme.
Many fungi such as Trichoderma, Penicillium, Fusarium, Phanerochaete, Humicola, Schizophillum sp. also have been reported for cellulase production. Among the various cellulolytic microbial strains Trichoderma is one of the most well studied cellulase and resume tips, hemicellulase producing fungal strains (Xu et al, 1998). Trichoderma is summary essays, able to produce at least two cellobiohydrolases and ‘ve endoglucanases and three endoxylanases. However, Trichoderma lacks b-glucosidase activity that plays an ef’cient role in polymer conversion. On the other hand, Aspergillus is a very ef’cient b-glucosidase producer. Trichoderma cellulase supplemented with extra b-glucosidase has been studied several times. Combina- tion of auditing resume Trichoderma reesei ZU-02 cellulase and cellobiase from Aspergillus niger ZU-07 improved the hydrolysis yield to 81.2% with cellobiase activity enhanced to 10 CBU/g substrate (Chen et al, 2008). Various factors in’uence yields of resume monomer sugars from ligno- cellulose. Temperature, pH and mixing rate are the main factors of enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic material (Olsson et al, 1996).
Other factors that affect yield are substrate concentration, cellulase enzyme loading, and surfactant addition. Resume? High substrate concentration may lead to substrate inhibition. Cellulase contributes to the major cost of the lignocellulosic ethanol technology. Therefore, an ef’cient pretreatment is to be selected to decrease cellulose crystallinity and to remove lignin to the maximum extent, so that hydrolysis time as well as cellulase loading will be minimized. Surfactants modify the cellulose surface by adsorbing lignin onto surfactant and thus the surfactant prevents the enzyme from unproductive binding with lignin and against euthanasia, lowers enzyme loading (Eriksson et al, 2002). The sacchari’ed biomass is used for fermentation by auditing tips, several microorganisms.
But the industrial utilization of lignocelluloses for bioethanol production is hindered by the lack of ideal microor- ganisms which can ef’ciently ferment both pentose and hexose sugars (Talebnia et al, 2010). For a commercially viable ethanol production method, an war of, ideal microorganism should have broad substrate utilization, high ethanol yield and auditing tips, productivity, should have the ability to withstand high concentrations of to use when ethanol and high temperature, should be tolerant to inhibitors present in hydrolysate and have cellulolytic activity. Genetically modi’ed or engineered microor- ganisms are thus used to achieve complete utilization of the sugars in the hydrolysate and auditing tips, better production bene’ts. The processes usually employed in the fermentation of ligno- cellulosic hydrolysate are simultaneous sacchari’cation and fermentation (SSF) and separate hydrolysis and fermentation (SHF). Conventionally or traditionally the SHF process has been employed but SSF is superior for ethanol production since it can improve ethanol yields by removing end product inhibition and eliminate the need for separate reactors.
It is also cost effective but difference in optimum temperature conditions of to use when writing enzyme for hydrolysis and fermentation poses some limitations (Neves et al, 2007) . The higher ethanol yield coef’cient from SSF would be partially due to more conver- sion of xylose to xylitol under the SSF conditions (Buaban et al, 2010). A compar- ative study between the two processes (SHF and SSF) is presented in Table 3. Table 3. Comparison between the two main fermentation techniques. Fermentation process Features and advantages Limitations. and fermentation ‘ Low costs. ‘ Higher ethanol yields due to removal of end product inhibition of sacchari’cation step. ‘ Reduces the number of resume tips reactors required Each step can be processed at its optimal operating conditions. ‘ Separate steps minimize interaction between the steps ‘ Difference in optimum temperature conditions of enzyme for hydrolysis and fermentation.
‘ End product inhibition minimizes the yield of ethanol. Research? Chance of contamination due to long period process. Separate hydrolysis and fermentation. Studies have shown that SSF is a better alternative to SHF. The slow xylose consumption during fermentation in auditing resume tips, SHF may be due to the presence of toxic compounds which inhibit the growth and fermentation activity of the in small network, microorganism. The drawback of SSF can be removed by using thermo-tolerant micro- organisms like Kluyveromyces marxianus which has been developed to withstand the higher temperatures needed for enzymatic hydrolysis. Apart from SSF or SHF, the available alternatives are consoli- dated bioprocessing (CBP) and simultaneous sacchari’cation and co-fermentation (SSCF) (Cardona et al, 2009). In CBP, cellulase production, biomass hydrolysis and ethanol fermentation are all together carried out in a single reactor . The process is also known as direct microbial conversion (DMC). Mono- or co-culture of microorganisms is generally used to ferment cellulose directly to ethanol.
Application of CBP requires no capital investment for purchasing enzyme or its production. Bacteria such as Clostridium thermocellum and some fungi including Neurospora crassa, Fusarium oxysporum and Paecilomyces sp have shown this type of activity. However, CBP is not an ef’cient process because of poor ethanol yields and long fermentation periods (3-12 days) (Szczodrak and Fiedurek, 1996). In SSCF the co-fermenting microorganisms need to be compatible in terms of operating pH and temperature . A combination of resume tips Candida shehatae and Saccharomyces cerevisiae was reported as suitable for the SSCF process (Neves et al, 2007). Sequential fermentation with two different microor- ganisms in different time periods of the fermentation process for better utilization of sugar has also been employed using S. cerevisiae in the ‘rst phase for hexose utilization and C. shehatae in the second phase for pentose utilization but ethanol yields achieved are not high (Sanchez and Cardona, 2008). Some native or wild type microorganisms used in the fermen- tation are S. cerevisiae, Escherichia coli, Zymomonas mobilis, Pachy- solen tannophilus, C. Summary? shehatae, Pichia stipitis, Candida brassicae, Mucor indicus etc. Among all the best known yeast and bacteria employed in ethanol production from hexoses are S. cerevisiae and auditing, Z. mobilis respectively . But S. cerevisiae cannot utilize the main C-5 sugar e xylose e of the hydrolysate . Photography? Native organisms such as Pichia and Candida species can be used in place of S. cerevisiae and they can utilize xylose but their ethanol production rate is at least ‘vefold lower than that observed with S. cerevisiae . Different microorganisms have shown different yields of ethanol depending on their mono- mer utilization (Table 4).
Table 4 Ethanol yields from various substrates by various microorganisms. Substrate Fermenting microbe Yield of ethanol Feature of the auditing resume, employed microorganism. Can ferment both glucose and xylose. Utilizes xylose and glucose present. Adapted at increased concentration.
Co-ferment glucose and xylose and. utilizes ethanol in absence of photography research sugar. Ferment only glucose. Ferment glucose ‘rst and then. xylose from the mixture. Sugar cane bagasse. Rice straw Pichia stipitis BCC15191. Recombinant Escherichia coli KO11. Pichia stipitis NRRL Y-7124.
Pichia stipitis A. Candida shehatae NCL-3501. Pichia stipitis NRRL Y-7124 0.29 0.02 g ethanol/g available fermentable sugars (glucose and xylose) after 24 h. 31.50 g of ethanol/L in 48 h equivalent to a theoretical maximum yield of 91.5% 0.35 gp/gs Calculated as ‘nal ethanol. 0.41 gp/gs concentration divided by total sugar in auditing, the fermentation medium. 0.45 g/g and msc thesis in small, 0.5 g/g of sugar utilized produced from tips, autohydrolysate by free and immobilized cells in 48 h. 0.37 g/g and 0.47 g/g of sugar utilized produced from acid hydrolysate by free and immobilized cells in in small network, 48 h. Maximum ethanol production achieved 4 g/L.
Maximum ethanol production achieved 6 g/L (78% of theoretical maximum) Can ferment both glucose and auditing, xylose. Utilizes xylose and tips, glucose present in hydrolysates. Adapted at resume tips, increased concentration of big words when an essay hydrolysate. Co-ferment glucose and xylose and. utilizes ethanol in absence of sugar. Ferment only glucose. Ferment glucose ‘rst and then xylose from the mixture. Genetic engineering has been employed to develop the resume, various aspects of fermentation from higher yield to better and wide substrate utilization to increased recovery rates. A number of genetically modi’ed microorganisms such as P. stipitis BCC15191 (Buaban et al, 2010) , P. stipitis NRRL Y-7124, recombinant E. coli KO11, C. Summary Elia? shehatae NCL-3501 S. cerevisiae ATCC 26603 have been developed.
Strict anaerobic hemophilic bacteria such as Clostridium sp. and Thermoanaerobacter sp. have been proposed to auditing, explore the bene’ts of fermentation at elevated temperatures. Some other thermo-tolerant microorganisms developed are K. marxianus, Candida lusitanieae and Z. mobilis (Bjerre et al, 1996). Lignocellulosic biomass has been projected to be one of the main resources for economically attractive bioethanol production. Though theoretical ethanol yields from sugar and summary elia, starch (g ethanol/ g substrate) are higher than from lignocellulose, these conventional sources are insuf’cient for worldwide bioethanol production. In that aspect agricultural wastes are renewable, less costly and abundantly available in nature.
Agricultural wastes do not demand separate land, water, and energy requirements. They do not have food value as well. For economically feasible bioethanol production, several hindrances are to be overcome. These refer to the four major aspects which are feedstock, conversion technology, hydrolysis process, and fermentation con’guration. With regard to feedstock major obstacles are cost, supply, harvesting, and handling. As regards conversion technology the hindrances are biomass pro- cessing, proper and cost effective pretreatment technology to auditing tips, liberate cellulose and ap us history essay, hemicellulose from resume tips, their complex with lignin. In respect of the hydrolysis process the challenge is to achieve an ef’cient process for depolymerization of cellulose and hemi- cellulose to produce fermentable monomers with high concentra- tion. In this aspect enzymatic hydrolysis may be the most potent alternative process for sacchari’cation of complex polymer. Several efforts have been made to reduce the cost of cellulase enzyme to optimize the enzymatic hydrolysis process.
Finally, in case of fermentation con’guration, the challenges involved are xylose and glucose co-fermentation, and msc thesis data network, the use of recombinant microbial strains. Resume? In conclusion it may be said that to solve the opinion against, technology bottlenecks of the conversion process, novel science and ef’cient technology are to be applied, so that bioethanol production from agricultural wastes may be successfully developed and auditing resume, optimized in history war of 1812, the near future. 1. Buffiere P, Loisel D, Bernet N, Delgenes JP. Towards new indicators for the prediction of solid waste anaerobic digestion properties. Water Sci. Auditing Resume? Technol. Essay? 2006;53:233’241.
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Bioeng. 2006;94:851’861. 55. Rolz C, de Arriola MC, Valladares J, de Cabrera S. Effects of auditing some physical and chemical pretreatments on the composition and enzymatic hydrolysis and digestibility of lemon grass and citronella bagasse. Agr. Opinion Essay Against Euthanasia? Wastes. 1986;18:145’161. 56. Pan X, Arato C, Gilkes N, Gregg D, Mabee W, Pye K, Xiao Z, Zhang X, Saddler J. Biorefining of softwoods using ethanol organosolv pulping: Preliminary evaluation of process streams for manufacture of fuel-grade ethanol and co-products.
Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2005;90:473’481. 57. Schultz TP, McGinnis GD, Biermann CJ. Similarities and differences in pretreating woody biomass by steam explosion, wet oxidation, autohydrolysis, and rapid steam hydrolysis/continuous extraction. Proceedings of auditing Annual Symposium on Energy from Biomass and Wastes; Lake Buena Vista, FL, USA. 1984. 58. Palonen H, Thomsen AB, Tenkanen M, Schmidt AS, Viikari L. Evaluation of wet oxidation pretreatment for enzymatic hydrolysis of softwood.
Appl. Photography Research? Biochem. Biotechnol. 2004;117:1’17. 59. Varga E, Klinke HB, Reczey K, Thomsen AB. High Solid Simultaneous Saccharification and Fermentation of Wet Oxidized Corn Stover to Ethanol. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 2004;88:567’574.
60. Garrote G, Dominguez H, Parajo JC. Auditing Tips? Hydrothermal processing of lignocellulosic materials. Holz Als Roh-und Werkst. 1999;57:191’202. 61. Schmidt A, Thomsen A. Optimization of wet oxidation pretreatment of wheat straw. Bioresource Technol. 1998;64:139’151.
62. Galbe M, Zacchi G. A review of the production of ethanol from softwood. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 2002;59:618’628. 63. Azzam AM. Pretreatment of cane bagasse with alkaline hydrogen peroxide for enzymatic hydrolysis of opinion euthanasia cellulose and ethanol fermentation. J. Environ. Auditing? Sci.
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Factors affecting the pretreatment of resume tips biomass with gaseous ozone. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 1984;26:59’65. 66. Taherzadeh MJ, Karimi K. Acid-based hydrolysis processes for ethanol from lignocellulosic materials: A review.
BioResources. Photography Research Paper? 2007;2:472’499. 67. Jones J, Semrau K. Wood hydrolysis for ethanol production previous experience and the economics of selected processes. Biomass. 1984;5:109’135. 68. Resume? Taherzadeh MJ, Karimi K. Enzymatic-based hydrolysis processes for ethanol from lignocellulosic materials: A review. Big Words When Writing An Essay? BioResources. 2007;2:707’738. 69.
Srilatha HR, Nand K, Babu KS, Madhukara K. Fungal pretreatment of orange processing wastes by solid-state fermentation for improved production of methane. Auditing Resume Tips? Process Biochem. 1995;30:327’331. 70. Dhouib A, Ellouz M, Aloui F, Sayadi S. Effect of bioaugmentation of activated sludge with white-rot fungi on olive mill wastewater detoxification. Lett. Appl. Microbiol. 2006;42:405’411.23. 71. Stone JE, Scallan AM, Donefer E, Ahlgren E. In: Cellulases and their Applications.
Hajny GJ, Reese ET, editors. Essay Against? American Chemical Society; Washington DC, USA: 1969. 72. Auditing Tips? Mohammad J. Taherzadeh , K. Karimi: Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Wastes to Improve Ethanol and Biogas Production: A Review, Journal of Molecular Sciences, Sep 2008. 73. Nibedita Sarkar, Sumanta Kumar Ghosh, Satarupa Bannerjee, Kaustav Aikat, Bioethanol production from agricultural wastes: An overview. 74. Uihlein A, Schbek L. Photography Paper? Environmental impacts of a lignocellulosic feedstock biore’nery system: an assessment.
Biomass and Bioenergy 2009;33:793-802. 75. Ballesteros I, Negro MJ, Oliva JM, Cabanas A, Manzanares P, Ballesteros M. Resume Tips? Ethanol production from steam-explosion pretreated wheat straw. Applied Biochemistry and opinion euthanasia, Biotechnology 2006;130:496-508. 76. Campbell CH, Laherrere JH. The end of cheap oil. Scienti’c American; 1998:78-83. 77.
Lynd LR, Wang MQ. Auditing Resume? A product e nonspeci’c framework for evaluating the opinion essay euthanasia, potential of biomass-based products to displace fossil fuels. Journal of Industrial Ecology 2003;7:17-32. 78. Demirbas A. Bioethanol from cellulosic materials: a renewable motor fuel from biomass. Energy Sources 2005;27:327-33.
79. Lewis SM. Fermentation alcohol. In: Godfrey T, West S, editors. Industrial enzymology. 2nd ed. New York: Stockton Press; 1996. p. 12-48.
80.  Taherzadeh MJ, Karimi K. Acid based hydrolysis processes for ethanol from lignocellulosic materials: a review. Bioresources 2007;2(3):472-99. 81. Chandra Prasad Pokhrel, Ram Kailash Prasad Yadav, Shoji Ohga-, Agricultural waste residues as potential sources of auditing tips bioethanol , Scientific World, Vol. 6, No. 6, July 2008. 82. Lewis SM. Fermentation alcohol. In: Godfrey T, West S, editors. Industrial enzymology.
2nd ed. New York: Stockton Press; 1996. p. 12-48. 83. Taherzadeh MJ, Karimi K. Acid based hydrolysis processes for ethanol from lignocellulosic materials: a review. Paper? Bioresources 2007;2(3):472-99. 84. Bjerre AB, Olesen AB, Fernqvist T. Pretreatment of auditing resume wheat straw using combined wet oxidation and alkaline hydrolysis resulting in convertible cellulose and hemicellulose. Biotechnology and Bioengineering 1996;49: 568-77. 85. Talebnia F, Karakashev D, Angelidaki I. Production of bioethanol from research paper, wheat straw: an overview on pretreatment, hydrolysis and fermentation.
Bio- resource Technology 2010;101(13):47, 44-53. 86. Neves MA, Kimura T, Shimizu N, Nakajima M. Auditing? State of the art and future trends of bioethanol production, dynamic biochemistry, process biotech- nology and molecular biology. Auditing Resume? Global Science Books; 2007:1-13. 87. Auditing? Buaban B, Inoue H, Yano S, Tanapongpipat S, Ruanglek V, Champreda V, et al. Summary? Bioethanol production from ball milled bagasse using an resume tips, on-site produced fungal enzyme cocktail and essay euthanasia, xylose-fermenting Pichia stipitis. Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering 2010;110(1):18-25. 88. Auditing Resume Tips? Lynd LR, van Zyl WH, Mcbride JE, Laser M. Photography Research Paper? Consolidated bioprocessing of cellulosic biomass: an update.
Current Opinion in Biotechnology 2005;16(5):577-83. 89. Le Journal des ??nergies Renouvelables, 2013. 90. Copyright ?? Clariant International Ltd, Muttenz Switzerland, 1995 ‘ 2012. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Environmental Studies essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and auditing resume tips, we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Environmental Studies work in your email box, in ap us essay war of 1812, as little as 3 hours.
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ESFP Personality Type – Extraverted Sensing with Introverted Feeling. ESFP Personality Type – Extraverted Sensing with Introverted Feeling. The ESFP personality type (as outlined by the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator® Assessment, or MBTI® Test) is the Extraverted Sensing with Introverted Feeling type. Those exhibiting the ESFP type preference have a thirst for adventure and an overwhelming adoration for their lives, finding happiness in the material world around them, as well as in experiences. They are attentive, matter-of-fact, efficient, eloquent, spirited, and perceptive. In a work environment, Myers-Briggs® test ESFP types are apt at finding out-of-the-box solutions to meet the needs of the company and tips, their peers, and their success in their careers is often seen most in situations with others. Find themselves in essays elia, the role of pacifist, doing whatever it takes to find solutions that will make themselves and others happy Adept at communicating with others in a way that is constructive and beneficial for themselves and their employer. This also makes them exceptional group members Oftentimes have a good idea of what others are thinking and feeling, allowing them to read the feelings of auditing, others and adapt that information to the situation they are in Their enjoyment for spontaneity and new experiences helps them delve straight into network new projects, even if they aren’t sure where to begin at first Motivational and inspiring, helping them get people moving and working together in moments of great stress or emergency.
This also helps them react promptly to the needs of their peers Their excitement and energy in their everyday lives makes others want to work with them. World-Learners, Taking Life Lessons to Heart. “Image courtesy of samarttiw / FreeDigitalPhotos.net”. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator test -assessed ESFP types are world-learners, with a large majority of resume tips, their expansive knowledge being formulated by their environment and summary essays, their experiences with the world around them. Because of this preference, this personality type learns much more efficiently through doing as opposed to through traditional learning methods or reading.
With a carpe diem mentality and a thirst for excitement, those with an MBTI Test ESFP type work toward completing assignments in the most enjoyable way possible. Auditing Resume Tips. They are versatile, cooperative, pleasant, and carefree. When Writing An Essay. When it comes to making decisions or forming opinions, the ESFP personality type first and foremost consider their personal emotions, beliefs and auditing resume, sensibilities. This also helps them relate and commiserate with others. Myers Briggs-assessed ESFP types also enjoy people-watching, gaining knowledge from their observations. Positivity Flows Through the ESFP. Individuals with the ESFP type preference are thoughtful, positive, compassionate, understanding, and often make good confidantes and friends. Their peers find them to be inventive, amicable, convivial and big words to use an essay, joyous, bringing light and excitement to every room they enter. Auditing Tips. An ESFP types genuine interest in the well-being, happiness, and lives of others makes them enjoyable to to use an essay be around, both in their personal lives and in a professional atmosphere. Occasionally, the ESFP personality types inclination to live in the moment can have negative effects on resume, their work and relationships. Because of their desire to seize the day, Myers-Briggs test ESFP types can get so caught up in the moment that they feel as though nothing is holding them down and keeping them grounded.
This can also affect their decision-making skills, disabling them from in small realizing the long-term consequences of tips, these decisions and actions, especially when it comes to something that affects their senses. ESFP types are often driven by their pleasure principle, and their sensual desires can take precedence over reasoning and logic, which can lead to regrets and in small network, danger. Long-term consequences are not something that the auditing tips, ESFP personality type focuses on, and because of against, that, their spur-of-the-moment decisions can often distract them from tips their long-range wants or needs. Another possible consequence of the preferences exhibited by the MBTI test -assessed ESFP type is that they can become exceedingly spontaneous and tips, unpredictable, keeping them from completing their work without getting sidetracked. This causes them to often fail at sticking to schedules and due dates, choosing to focus on immediate pleasures as opposed to their duties elsewhere. However, if a Myers-Briggs test ESFP type can balance their spontaneity and thirst for momentary excitement, they can utilize their people skills and resume tips, jovial natures to photography research create a fun and effective work environment. [Personality type information was referenced from the following publication- (Isabel Briggs Myers, 1998, CPP Inc.)] “Image courtesy of photostock / FreeDigitalPhotos.net”. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator ESFP personality type thrives in professional environments where they are either using their skills to aid others or where they can utilize their people-person skills. Common career fields include hospitality, food service, medicine/healthcare, and other occupations that require a personal relationship with others.
Some examples of auditing resume tips, job titles that are common for the Myers-Briggs Test -assessed ESFP personality type are restaurant worker (both front-of-the-house and back-of-the-house), receptionist/secretary/personal assistant, and medical worker (could include human medicine or animal medicine), such as a nurse or a veterinarian. Interestingly, Myers Briggs test ESFP types are also known for enjoying working outside, such as in a nursery or as a fisher (Allen L. Hammer, 1993, CPP Inc.). To become an employee that everyone wants to hire, those with the photography paper, ESFP type preference can hone in on resume, their people skills and flexibility while still keeping in mind their long-term goals and aspirations. The spontaneous nature associated with the resume, ESFP type often leaves no time or attention for auditing resume tips long-range dreams, both in their careers and personal lives. War Of. By taking time to formulate these future goals (five-ten years) and taking steps to stick to them, you can help yourself think twice before making split-second decisions that may have larger consequences than you originally can see. Furthermore, being people-lovers as they are, MBTI test -assessed ESFP personality types must pay attention to their frequent personal interactions, making sure that their networking time is being used efficiently and effectively. Lastly, one of the most important actions that this MBTI Assessment Type Indicator personality type can take is to create deadlines and a schedule, and most importantly, to stick to that schedule. With a spontaneous yet organized life, Myers-Briggs test ESFP types can become everyone’s favorite (and most productive) workers.
Discover your best fit career with The MBTI® Career Report below or continue reading for resume tips more information regarding ESFPs including Leadership Learning styles as well as Emotional Intelligence. Find your best occupational match with this easy-to-read Myers-Briggs® test graphic report. Choosing a career path can be difficult. The revised MBTI® Career Report helps point the way by history essay 1812, showing you how your type affects your career exploration and discusses the benefits of choosing a job that is a good fit for your type. By taking the Myers-Briggs test you also explore preferred work tasks and work environments—as well as most popular and least popular occupations—for any type and tips, receive strategies for resume improving job satisfaction. This completely updated report includes expanded coverage of popular fields such as business, health care, computer technology, and high-level executive and management occupations. It is based on four-letter type results and can be generated using your reported type or verified type. Further Understanding ESFPs. ESFPs tend to be outgoing and tips, easygoing. They live in the moment and are exuberant, passionate individuals.
They are characterized by flexibility, and prefer to live outside the confines of institutional rules and social norms, focusing instead on their own personal satisfaction and making an effort to resume tips improve the resume, lives of photography research, others. Meeting new people and having new experiences is the most fulfilling for them, especially since they learn by doing rather than by reflecting . With this said, ESFPs are also practical people for the most part, and are highly observant, making decisions based on their personal values and the realities of the world around them. Auditing Resume Tips. They are also keen observers of people, and are able to motivate and mobilize others to accomplish certain goals or work together to complete certain tasks. Others know and love ESFPs for resume tips their resourcefulness and supportiveness, as well as for their fun-loving, playful nature. They generally have large groups of friends, and derive a great deal of pleasure and fulfillment from having deep, interactive relationships with others. This joy is contagious, and auditing resume, ESFPs are known for lifting the auditing tips, spirits of those who are around them, encouraging them to auditing resume make the photography research, most out of life.
While ESFPs have many strengths, they can sometimes lose sight of their long-term goals. They can be so focused on enjoying the moment, that they do not always consider the future implications of their behavior. As such, ESFPs should make an resume tips, effort to consider long-term consequences for their actions, and try to prioritize obligations at war of times in order to avoid serious situations. With a little support and personal development, ESFPs can be the life of any party and the keystone of any organization. ESFPs’ Learning Style: Adaptive and auditing, Responsive. ESFPs are extremely observant. Paper. They take in resume tips, the world around them like sponges, and enjoy being spontaneous and responsive. They have a dispreference for taking too much time to essays ponder or consider the world around them in auditing tips, a reflective or philosophical manner, and instead prefer to interact with it directly.
As a result, they tend to be easily bored inside the opinion essay against, classroom, which they perceive to be terribly isolated from the real world. However, they do tend to resume be receptive to group exercises or interactive tasks that are closely related to ap us war of 1812 real-world experiences, though it is important to keep in resume tips, mind that, group discussions and photography, similar activities that are theoretically oriented even though they are technically social, are not as appealing or engaging to them. Resume Tips. Instead, ESFPs especially enjoy “field trips” or opportunities to auditing tips complete real-world tasks in a simulated environment, or supervised tasks in the real-world. The more realistic the experience, the tips, better it will be for ESFPs. Learn about euthanasia, The MBTI® ESFP’s Learning, Leadership and Emotional Outlook styles. As such, ESFPs benefit from instructors who are able to auditing resume develop activities and tasks that are highly social and interactive. They enjoy being able to move around and be physically active, and are more open to role playing and other activities that are fun while still having a content objective. They prefer to receive immediate feedback on their behavior and summary, procedures, and appreciate the opportunity to auditing resume evaluate themselves using rubrics, checklists, or procedural flow charts. In this way, the act of evaluating becomes an big words to use writing an essay, additional activity from auditing resume which they can glean even more benefit.
When it comes to essay war of interacting with their peers, ESFPs generally enjoy hearing anecdotes and real-life stories that connect the information they are learning to the real world. They enjoy working with others to practice skills, and they may open to having discussions with others providing that these discussions are not overly theoretically focused. The key to ESFPs’ learning is to maximize activity—asking and auditing resume, answering questions, completing tasks, moving around in the real world, and evaluating themselves or others, can all be ways of increasing the amount of research, activity in the environment in which ESFPs are learning. However, ESFPs, like all individuals, benefit from going out of auditing tips, their comfort zone a bit. As such, they should make an effort to remain interested and motivated even when the assignment or task is not particularly interactive. They may be surprised by what they can learn by sitting and reading, or by essays elia, completing a more traditional assignment individually. ESFPs are active and engaging leaders, who take a great deal of time and energy to ensure that others on their teams are as excited about the team’s goals as they are themselves. As they set the direction of the auditing resume, organization, they enjoy brainstorming with members of their team, generating options that will benefit and motivate individual team members while also meeting the organization’s overall objectives. This also contributes to big words when the creation of a fast-paced, high-energy environment, in resume, which they can remain constantly engaged. Paper. As they narrow down their choices, ESFPs tend to value simple but practical solutions that will have immediate results.
They have a dispreference for drawn out strategic planning sessions, even though sometimes root causes of problems only become apparent after an in-depth analysis. Learn about The MBTI® ESFP’s Learning, Leadership and Emotional Outlook styles. While it may not seem so at first glance, ESFP Myers-Briggs® Types can find it challenging to make decisions if they feel that others on their team may be uncomfortable with the direction. They tend to value harmony on teams, sometimes to the extent that it can interfere with their functioning as leaders. Resume. However, if they make an elia, effort to explain their decisions to those who may disagree, they may be able to maintain the positive, supportive nature of their workplace environment. In general, ESFPs have a knack for being able to inspire others and auditing tips, build a strong rapport seemingly effortlessly.
They value relationships, and almost instinctively cultivate close relationships, many of which may contribute in the long term to their own advancement. They should be conscious, though, of summary, their tendency to be drawn to other extremely outgoing individuals, and should make an effort to make sure that even the quieter, more introverted, or more serious members of auditing resume tips, their teams are still receiving attention and support from them. Part of opinion against, ESFPs’ strength as leaders is in the fulfillment they get from auditing identifying other individuals with potential, and research paper, working closely with them and coaching them to success. They have strong interpersonal relationships, and pay attention to the value of seemingly minor acts, like rewarding the completion of milestone tasks or recognizing a job well done. These kinds of efforts help ESFPs keep their teams motivated. That said, not all of leadership tasks are overly exciting. It is important for ESFPs to remember that oftentimes achieving lofty goals necessitates the completion of repetitive, mundane tasks. They need to be careful to value and pay attention to the repetition of auditing resume, successful organized or ingrained processes, and learn the importance of setting and history essay 1812, meeting deadlines.
As they continue to grow and auditing resume tips, develop as leaders, ESFPs need to take the time and energy to consider more carefully their and their team’s long-term goals, and summary elia, think about how they can position themselves best in the future. Balancing fun and excitement with concrete goals and outcomes can be the perfect recipe for success. ESFP MBTI® Types are confident individuals who enjoy working together with others and having experiences together. They are highly sensitive to others’ moods and needs, and are often caring individuals with good intentions, though they may at times have difficulty relating to those who are much quieter or more introverted than they are. Auditing. ESFPs are also impulsive—they enjoy novelty, and so often direct their impulses towards new outlet or opportunities, sometimes without much consideration of the auditing tips, impact of their actions on auditing tips, others or on auditing resume tips, the long-term consequences of their behavior. Because of their innate positivity and passion for life, ESFPs can sometimes be overwhelmed or discouraged by a critical, hostile, or unsupportive environment. They often do not take kindly to auditing their desires or actions being interpreted as problematic or negative, particularly since they have a preference for avoiding any kind of auditing tips, confrontation or argument.
On the other hand, ESFPs make an effort to build relationships with others and to find common ground. They tend to value tasks that benefit multiple people, and are often self-sufficient and efficient in achieving those tasks. When it comes to their relationships with others, ESFPs tend to be lively and gregarious, socially at ease, and auditing tips, comfortable in large groups. They genuinely enjoy the auditing resume tips, active company of others, and communicate that joy openly and auditing resume tips, freely. Data. They are patient with others’ values, and are explicit in communicating respect and caring even in the midst of discontent and conflict. This care for others’ positions, opinions, and values, also manifests in their openness to solicit and auditing tips, discuss others’ view points, and in their willingness to attempt to approach situations or challenges using others’ suggestions. Finally, because of their active and large social networks, ESFPs usually have a robust support system, that they both draw on and give back to in times of need. War Of 1812. This helps them diffuse stress and retain a positive attitude and auditing, outlook in all that they do. Learn More About the MBTI ESFP Personality Type.
Explore additional information that delves deeper into opinion essay against the ESFP Personality Type by examining various personality and career based subjects: Click on a link below to auditing tips read more about different MBTI Personality Types. Introduction to Type (Isabel Briggs Myers, 1998, CPP Inc.) Introduction to auditing resume Type and Careers (Allen L. Resume Tips. Hammer, 2007, CPP Inc.) Introduction to Type and Leadership (Richmond, S. CPP. Network. 2008) Introduction to Type and resume, Learning (Dunning, D. CPP. 2008) Introduction To Type® and Emotional Intelligence. (Pearman, R. CPP, 2002) Click Below to Learn About MBTI® Psychological Types.
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